Anuraj Shankar

Senior Research Scientist

Department of Nutrition

Department of Nutrition

655 Huntington Avenue
Building 2, Room 331A
Boston, Massachusetts 02115


B.S. Chemistry, 1984, Ohio University

B.S. Zoology, 1984, Ohio University

D.Sc. Immunology, 1993, Harvard University


Wilson CG, Serrano AE, Wasley A, Bogenschutz MP, Shankar AH, and Wirth DF. (1989). Amplification of a gene related to mammalian mdr genes in drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Science. 244:1124.

Shankar AH and Titus RG. (1993) Leishmania major -specific, CD4+TCRab+, MHC class-II-restricted T-cells derived in vitro from lymphoid tissues of naive mice. J. Exp. Med. 178:101.

Shankar AH and Titus RG. (1995) T cell and non-T cell compartments can independently determine resistance in murine Leishmania major. J. Exp. Med. 181:845.

Shankar AH and Prasad AA. (1998) Zinc and immune function: the biological basis of altered resistance to infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 68:447S.

Caulfield LE, Zavaleta N, Shankar AH, and Merialdi M. (1998) The potential contribution of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy to maternal and child survival. Am J Clin Nutr. 68:499S.

Kublin J, Witzig R, Shankar AH, Gilman R, and Plowe CW (1998) Association of in vivo resistance with molecular markers of drug resistance to pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine in the Peruvian Amazon. Lancet. 351:1629.

Shankar AH, Genton B, Semba RD, Wu L, Alpers MP, and West KP Jr. (1999) Effect of vitamin A supplementation on morbidity due to Plasmodium falciparum in young children in Papua New Guinea: a randomised trial. Lancet. 354:203-9.

Bhutta ZA, Black RE, Brown KH, Gardner JM, Gore S, Hidayat A, Khatun F, Martorell R, Ninh NX, Penny ME, Rosado JL, Roy SK, Ruel M, Sazawal S, and Shankar AH. (1999) Prevention of diarrhea and pneumonia by zinc supplementation in children in developing countries: pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials. Zinc Investigators’ Collaborative Group. J Pediatr. 135:689-97.

Shankar AH, Genton B, Wu L, West KP Jr, Tielsch J, and Alpers MP. (2000). The influence of zinc supplementation on malaria morbidity in preschool children in Papua New Guinea. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 62:663-9.

Bucci K, Kastens W, Hollingdale MR, Shankar AH, Alpers MP, King CL, and Kazura JW. (2000) Influence of age and HLA type on interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) responses to a naturally occurring polymorphic epitope of Plasmodium falciparum liver stage antigen-1 (LSA-1). Clin Exp Immunol. 122:94-100.

Shankar AH. (2000) Nutritional modulation of malaria morbidity and mortality. J Infect Dis;182 Suppl 1:S37-53.

Rosales FJ, Chau KK, Haskell MH, and Shankar AH. (2002) Determination of a cut-off value for the molar ratio of retinol-binding protein to transthyretin (RBP:TTR) in Bangladeshi patients with low hepatic vitamin A stores. J Nutr. 132:3687-92.

Iyer JK, Shi L, Shankar AH, and Sullivan DJ Jr. (2003) Zinc protoporphyrin IX binds heme crystals to inhibit the process of crystallization in Plasmodium falciparum. Mol Med. 9:175-82.

Syafruddin, Puji BS, Aggarwal SA, and Shankar AH. (2003) Molecular analysis on antimalarial drug resistant-genes of Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Purworejo District, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:614-20.

Hix J, Martinez C, Buchanan I, Morgan J, Tam M, and Shankar AH. (2004) Development of a rapid enzyme immunoassay for the detection of retinol-binding protein. Am J Clin Nutr. 79:93-8.

Zalewski P, Truong-Tran A, Lincoln S, Ward D, Shankar AH, Coyle P, Jayaram L, Copley P, Grosser D, Murgia C, Lang C, and Ruffin R. (2006) Use of a zinc fluorophore to measure labile pools of zinc in body fluids and cell-conditioned media. Biotechniques. 40:509-20.

Richard S, Zavaleta N, Caulfield LE, Black RE, Witzig RS, and Shankar AH. (2006) Zinc and iron supplementation and malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infections in children in the Peruvian Amazon. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 75:126-32.

Shankar AH. (2006) Nutritional modulation of immunity and infection. In Bowman and Russel (eds). Present Knowledge in Nutrition 9th edition. ILSI Press, Washington DC.

Syafruddin D, Asih PB, Wahid I, Dewi RM, Tuti S, Laowo I, Hulu W, Zendrato P, Laihad F, and Shankar AH. (2007) Malaria prevalence in Nias District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Malar J. 6:116.

Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrients Intervention Trial (SUMMIT) Study Group, Shankar AH, Jahari AB, Sebayang SK, Aditiawarman, Apriatni M, Harefa B, Muadz H, Soesbandoro SD, Tjiong R, Fachry A, Shankar AV, Atmarita, Prihatini S, Sofia G. (2008) Effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and infant death in Indonesia: a double-blind cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 371:215-27.

Countdown Working Group on Health Policy and Health Systems, Cavagnero E, Daelmans B, Gupta N, Scherpbier R, and Shankar AH. (2008) Assessment of the health system and policy environment as a critical complement to tracking intervention coverage for maternal, newborn, and child health. Lancet. 371:1284-93.

Countdown to 2015 Core Group, Bryce J, Daelmans B, Dwivedi A, Fauveau V, Lawn JE, Mason E, Newby H, Shankar AH, Starrs A, Wardlaw T. (2008) Countdown to 2015 for maternal, newborn, and child survival: the 2008 report on tracking coverage of interventions. Lancet. 371:1247-58.

Shankar AH, Sebayang S, Guarenti L, Utomo B, Islam M, Fauveau V, Jalal F. (2008) The village-based midwife programme in Indonesia. Lancet. 371:1226-9.

Shankar AH, Bartlett L, Fauveau V, Islam M, Terreri N; Countdown to 2015 Maternal Health Group. (2008) Delivery of MDG 5 by active management with data. Lancet. 371:1223-4.

Iannotti LL, Zavaleta N, León Z, Shankar AH, Caulfield LE. (2008) Maternal zinc supplementation and growth in Peruvian infants. Am J Clin Nutr. 88:154-60.

Shrimpton R and Shankar AH. (2008) Zinc deficiency. In Semba RD, Bloem MW (eds) Nutrition and Health in Developing Countries 2nd edition. Springer Publishing Company. New York, New York.

Shankar AH. (2008) Malaria and nutrition. In Semba RD, Bloem MW (eds) Nutrition and Health in Developing Countries 2nd edition. Springer Publishing Company. New York, New York.

Shankar AV, Zaitu A, Kadha JK, Sebayang SK, Apriatni M, Sulastri A, Sunarsih E, Shankar AH. (2009) Programmatic effects of a large scale multiple micronutrient supplementation trial in Indonesia: Using Community Facilitators as intermediaries for behavior change. Food Nutr Bull. 30:S207-214.