Biosketch: Norman Daniels

            Norman Daniels is Mary B. Saltonstall Professor and Professor of Ethics and Population Health at Harvard School of Public Health. Formerly Goldthwaite Professor, Chair of the Tufts Philosophy Department, and Professor of Medical Ethics at Tufts Medical School, where he taught from 1969 until 2002, he has degrees from Wesleyan (B.A. Summa, 1964), Balliol College, Oxford (B.A., First Honors, 1966), and Harvard (Ph.D., Plympton Dissertation Prize, 1971). He has written widely in the philosophy of science (Thomas Reid's `Inquiry': the Geometry of Visibles and the Case for Realism (1974; Stanford, 1989), ethics, political and social philosophy (including Reading Rawls (1975; Stanford, 1989) and medical ethics. He has published over 150 articles in anthologies and such journals as Isis, Philosophy of Science, Journal of Philosophy, Philosophical Review, Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Journal of Political Philosophy, Philosophical Studies, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Revue Internationale de Philosophie, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Bioethics, AJOB, JAMA, New England Journal of Medicine, British Medical Journal, Lancet, Hastings Center Report, Health Affairs, Nature Medicine, WHO Bulletin, AJPH, Economics and  Philosophy, Daedalus and others. His books include Thomas Reid’s Discovery of a Non-Euclidean Geometry (Burt Franklin, 1974, Stanford 1989), Just Health Care (Cambridge, 1985); Am I My Parents' Keeper? An Essay on Justice Between the Young and the Old (Oxford, 1988); Seeking Fair Treatment: From the AIDS Epidemic to National Health Care Reform, Oxford, 1995); Justice and Justification: Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 1996); (with Donald Light and Ronald Caplan) Benchmarks of Fairness for Health Care Reform (Oxford, 1996); (with Allen Buchanan, Dan Brock, and Dan Wikler) From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice (Cambridge, 2000); (with Bruce Kennedy and Ichiro Kawachi) Is Inequality Bad for Our Health? (Beacon Press, 2000); and (with James Sabin) Setting Limits Fairly: Can We Learn to Share Medical Resources? (Oxford, 2002; 2nd edition 2008). His Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly (CUP, 2008) is a sequel to Just Health Care and integrates his work into a comprehensive theory of justice for health. His current research focuses on adapting the "benchmarks of fairness" for use in less developed countries (WHO Bulletin, 2000, 2005), and developing fair process for priority and limit setting decisions about resource allocation in various settings, including the new Mexican health insurance plan (Health Affairs 2003, Lancet 2005).  
            A member of the Institute of Medicine, a Fellow of the Hastings Center, a Founding Member of the National Academy of Social Insurance and of the International Society for Equity in Health, he has consulted with organizations, commissions, and governments in the U.S. and abroad on issues of justice and health policy, including for the United Nations, WHO, and the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine.  He served as a member of the Ethics Working Group of the Clinton White House Health Care Task Force (Spring 1993), as a member of the Public Health Service Expert Panel on Cost Effectiveness and Clinical Preventive Medicine, as a member of a National Academy of Social Insurance study panel on the social role of Medicare, and as a member of a Century Fund task force on Medicare reform. He served four years as a founding member of the National Cancer Policy Board, established by the Institute of Medicine and the Commission on the Life Sciences, and on the Advisory Board of the Open Society Foundation project on Medicine as a Profession, and on the International Bioethics Advisory Board of PAHO. He served recently on an IOM Committee on the use of Cost Effectiveness Analysis in regulatory contexts. He has held Fellowships and Grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the National Library of Medicine, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Retirement Research Foundation, the Greenwall Foundation, and others. He held a Robert Wood Johnson Investigator's Award for the period 1998-2001, as well as a Rockefeller Foundation grant for the international adaptation of the benchmarks.