Commissioned by the Beijing city government, the HSPH China Initiative has been Working closely with the Health and Development Institute of Tsinghua University to develop China’s first 10-year strategic plan for health sector development. This study addresses three major questions: What are major health problems facing people in China in the next decade? What are the major underlying causes of those problems? What are the major strategies for effectively dealing with those problems? China Initiative has provided policy recommendations to Beijing City government for health care development and practical solutions to major challenges in the next decade in the study report.