Area: 3,287,263 sq km
Median age: total 27 years
Urban population: 31.3% of total population
Life expectancy: male 66.68 yr ; female 69.06 yr
Diabetes prevalence: 66.8 million cases, 8.63% (national prevalence)
Per Capita GDP: $4,000
Language(s): Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Maithili, other. (English enjoys the status of the subsidiary official language.)
Diet and culture
Indian cuisine varies by region and religion. Northern Indians eat more flat breads, while those from southern India prefer rice. In coastal states, such as Kerala and Bengal, fish dishes are popular. Chicken and mutton (sheep) are eaten more often in mountain and plains regions. While many Hindus avoid eating beef, Muslims avoid pork. In addition, many Indians (particularly Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains) are vegetarian.
Overall, in places where healthy foods such as coarse cereals, pulses, fruits and vegetables once dominated, processed rice and wheat products and meats now abound. Polished, refined white rice (parboiled) was the most frequently consumed cereal, while other traditional whole cereals, such as millet, as well as pulses and tubers, contributed lesser amounts to total energy.
MDRF – HSPH Brown rice brochure – Dec 2009
Cooked and uncooked rice varieties by degree of polishing (0% polishing is brown rice and fully polished is white rice) used in taste tests and focus group discussions in Chennai, India
Female, overweight Group, Chennai, India. Shuba Kumar, our resident Focus Group Discussion expert can be found on the right
Whole grains educational pamphlet developed by our colleagues in Chennai, India for use in the study
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The World Factbook, 2013-2014. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013.
IDF Diabetes Atlas, 6th Edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2014.
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