Study Site: Nairobi, Kenya
Institution(s): Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Nairobi
Principal Investigator: Dr. Mark D. Joshi
Co-Investigator: Alice Ojwang
Kenya at a Glance
Area: 580,367 sq km
Median age: total 19.1 years
Urban population: 24% of total population
Life expectancy: male 62.06 yr; female 65.01 yr
Diabetes prevalence: 775,200 cases, 3.6% (national prevalence)
Per Capita GDP: $1,800
Languages: English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
The national dish of Kenya is a cornmeal mush called Ugali. It is cornmeal cooked with water to a thick consistency and poured out onto a board or plate for everyone to eat from. Other popular staple foods include rice, bread, chapatti (a type of Indian bread), beef, chicken, goat, tilapia and an assortment of fresh vegetables and fruits. In Kenya, collard greens are both cheap and popular. There is a long association with the Indian Ocean trade which created some very characteristic regional cooking; rice and fish, flavored with wonderful coconut. Tamarind and other exotic spices are the main ingredients. When Kenyans go out, they go for a big blow-out feast, which is always a huge pile of nyama choma (roast meat). You can order your meat of choice; goat, beef, mutton or chicken, and the way you prefer to eat it; either cooked, fried or roasted.
The World Factbook, 2013-2014. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013.
IDF Diabetes Atlas, 6th Edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2014.