Study Site: Penang, Malaysia
Institution: Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rohana Jalil
Malaysia at a Glance
Area: 329,758 sq km
Median age: total 27.7 yr
Urban population: 72.8% of total population
Life expectancy: male 66.68 yr ; female 69.06 yr
Diabetes prevalence: 3.2 million cases, 16.6% (national prevalence)
Per capita GDP: $4,000
Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese dialects, Mandarin, Hakka dialects, Cantonese, Tamil and numerous tribal languages
Comprised by three major ethic groups (Malay, Indian, and Chinese), the dietary patterns in Malaysia reflect those of India and China, with a traditional intake of rice, vegetables, and starchy foods. Rice is the main food staple; pulses and starchy roots (especially cassava) are still consumed, but they represent a minimal contribution to energy.
The World Factbook, 2013-2014. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013.
IDF Diabetes Atlas, 6th Edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2014.