Vermont Health System Reform

Hsiao WC, Knight AG, Kappel S, Done N. “What Other States Can Learn From Vermont’s Bold Experiment: Embracing A Single-Payer Health Care Financing System.” Health Affairs. 2011 July 1, 2011;30(7):1232-41.

Hsiao WC. “State-Based Single-Payer Health Care—A Solution for the United States?” NEJM. 2011;364(13):1188-90.

Hsiao WC, Kappel S, Gruber J. “Act 128 Health System Reform Design: Achieving Affordable Universal Health Care in Vermont.” Final Report to the Vermont Legislature; February 19, 2011.

Theoretical Developments in Health Systems

Hsiao, WC. “Why is a systemic view of health financing necessary?” Health Affairs, 2007; 26: 950-961.

Hsiao, WC. and PS Heller. “What Macro Economists Should Know About Health Care Policy,” IMF, 2007.

Hsiao, WC. and P. Shaw. “Social Health Insurance for Developing Nations,” World Bank, 2007.

Hsiao, WC. “What is a Health System? Why Should We Care?” August, 2003.

Roberts, Hsiao, Berman, Reich. “Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity,” Oxford University Press, 2003.   |   Oxford University Press

Hsiao, WC. “Unmet Needs of Two Billion.” Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, WHO/The World Bank, September, 2001.

Hsiao, WC. “Abnormal Economics in the Health Sector.” Health Policy, 1995;32:1-125-139.

Hsiao, WC. “Marketization – the illusory magic pill.” Health Economics, 1994; 3:351–357.

Health System Evaluations


Yip, W and WC Hsiao, “China’s Health Care Reform: A Tentative Assessment”, China Economic Review, 2009,  20: 613-619.

Wagstaff A, Yip W, Lindelow M, Hsiao WC. “China’s health system and its reform: a review of recent studies.” Health Economics, 2009, 18(S2): S7-S23.

Reich MR, Takemi K, Roberts MJ, Hsiao WC. “Global action on health systems: a proposal for the Toyako G8 summit.” The Lancet, 2008, 371(9615): 865-869.

Yip, W and WC Hsiao. “The Chinese Health System at a Crossroads.” Health Affairs, March/April 2008, 27(2): 460-468.

Hsiao WC. “The political economy of Chinese health reform.” Health Economics, Policy and Law, 2007, 2(03): 241-249.

Liu, Y, P. Berman, W. Yip, et al. “Health Care in China: the Role of Non-Government Providers.” Health Policy, 2006, 77(2) :212-20.

Blumenthal, D and WC Hsiao. “Privatization and its discontents – the evolving Chinese health care system.
The New England Journal of Medicine, 2005, 353(11): 1165-1170.

Yip WC, Hsiao WC. “Medical Savings Accounts: Lessons from China.” Health Affairs, November/December 1997, 16(6): 244-251.

Hsiao WC. “The Chinese Health Care System: Lessons for Other Nations.” Social Science and Medicine, 1995, 41(8): 1047-1055.

Rural Mutual Health Care in China

Yip, W., W. Hsiao (2010). The Impacts of Rural Mutual Health Care on Access to Care, Financial Risk Protection and Health Status: Evaluation of a Social Experiment in Rural China. In: Impact Evaluation of Health Insurance in Developing Countries. ML Escabor, C Griffin and P. Shaw (ed). Washington DC, Brookings Institute Publication, forthcoming.

 Wang H., Schlesinger M., Wang H., Hsiao W. The flip-side of social capital: The distinctive influences of trust and mistrust on health in rural China. Social Science & Medicine, 2009, 68(1): 133-142.

The Harvard Team. “A Social Experiment in Rural China: Rural Mutual Health Care.” Summary Report.

Yip, W., W. Hsiao. “Non evidence-based policy: How effective is China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme in reducing medical impoverishment?” Social Science & Medicine, 2009, 68(2): 201-9.

Yip, W., H. Wang, W. Hsiao. “The impact of Rural Mutual Health Care on access to care: Evaluation of a social experiment in rural China.” Working Paper.

Wang, H., W. Yip, L. Zhang, W. Hsiao. “The impact of Rural Mutual Health Care on health status: Evaluation of a social experiment in rural China.” Health Economics, 2009, 18(S2): S65-S82.

Zhang L, Wang H, Wang L, Hsiao W. “Social capital and farmer’s willingness-to-join a newly established community-based health insurance in rural China.” Health policy, 2006, 76(2): 233-42.

Wang, H., L. Zhang, WC Hsiao. “Ill health and its potential influence on household consumptions in rural China.” Health Policy 2006; 78: 167-177.

Wang, H., W. Yip, et al. “Adverse Selection in a Voluntary-Based RMHC Insurance Scheme in Rural China.” Social Science and Medicine, 2006, 63: 1236-1245.

Wang, H., W. Yip, et al. “Community-Based Health Insurance in Poor Rural China: the Distribution of Net Benefits.” Health Policy and Planning, 2005, 20(6): 365-374.



Huang N, Yip W, Chang HJ, Chou YJ. “Trends in rural and urban differentials in incidence rates for ruptured appendicitis under the National Health Insurance in Taiwan.” Public health, 2006, 120(11): 1055-1063.

Yip W, Polisson M, Li YC, Chou YJ. “Treatments, Outcomes and Costs for AMI Patients in Taiwan.” International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management, 2009, 10(3): 169-81.

Chen, L. W. Yip, et al. “The Effects of Taiwan’s National Health Insurance on Access and Health Status of the Elderly.” Health Economics, 2007, 16(3): 223-42.

Huang, N., W. Yip, et al. “The Distribution of Net Benefits Under Taiwan’s National Health Insurance.” Health Policy and Planning, 2007, 22: 49-59.

Hsu C, L. Chen, W. Yip, et al. “The dimensions of responsiveness of a health system: a Taiwanese perspective.” BMC Public Health, 2006, 6: 72-78.

Lu, JR and Hsiao, WC, “Does Universal Health Insurance Make Health Care Unaffordable?” Health Affairs, May/June 2003, 22(3): 77-88.

Chou, YJ, Yip, W. et al. “The Impact of Separating Drug Prescribing and Dispensing on Provider Behavior.” Health Policy and Planning, 2003, 18(3): 316-329.

Hong Kong

Yip, W, and Hsiao, WC. “A Systematic Approach to Reforming Hong Kong’s Health Care System” from, The Future of Hong Kong’s Health Care System, ed. John Bacon-Shone and Gabriel Leung, 2006.

Yip, W. “The Hong Kong Health Care System—A 1960’s System in a 21st Century World.” Harvard China Review, 2004, 5(1): 71-76.

Other countries

Hsiao, WC and N Done. “The Implementation of Social Health Insurance in Estonia: A Case Study.” Presented at the World Bank Flagship Course in Health Reform and Sustainable Financing, October 12-30, 2009.

Hanson, K, W. Yip and WC Hsiao. “The impact of quality on the demand for outpatient services in Cyprus.” Health Economics, 2004, 13: 1167-1180.

Hsiao, WC, “Behind the Ideology and Theory: What Is the Empirical Evidence for Medical Savings Accounts?” Journal of Health Policy, Politics and Law, 2001, 26(4): 733-737.

Yip, W. and P. Berman. “Targeted health insurance in a low income country and its impact on access and equity in access: Egypt’s school health insurance.” Health Economics, 2001, 10(3): 207-220.

Hsiao WC. “Medical Savings Accounts: Lessons from Singapore.” Health Affairs, 1995, 14(2): 260-266.

Provider payment studies

Yip W, Hsiao WC, Meng Q, Chen W, Sun X. “Realignment of incentives for health-care providers in China.” The Lancet, 2010, 375(9720): 1120-1130.

Hsiao WC. “When Incentives And Professionalism Collide.” Health Affairs, 2008, 27(4): 949-951.

Yip, W. and K. Eggleston. “Addressing Government and Market Failures with Payment Incentives: Hospital reimbursement reform in Hainan, China.” Social Science and Medicine, 2004, 58(2): 267-277.

Eggleston, K. and W. Yip. “Hospital Competition Under Regulated Prices: Application to Urban Health Sector Reforms in China.” International Health Finance and Economics, 2004, 4(4): 343-368.

Chou, YJ, Yip W, Lee CH, Huang N, Sun YP, Chang HJ. “The Impact of Separating Drug Prescribing and Dispensing on Provider Behavior: Taiwan’s Experience.” Health Policy and Planning, 2003, 18(3): 316-329.

Yip, W. and K. Eggleston. “Provider payment reform in China: the case of hospital reimbursement in Hainan province.” Health Economics, 2001, 10(4):325-339.

Yip, W. “Physician Response to Medicare Fee Reductions: Changes in the Volume and Intensity of Supply of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Procedures in the Medicare and Private Sectors.” Journal of Health Economics, 1998, 17(6): 675-699.

Wellbeing research

Yip, W., SV Subramanian, A. Mitchell, J. Wang, D. Lee, I. Kawachi. “Does Social Capital Enhance Health and Well-Being? Evidence from Rural China.” Social Science and Medicine, 2007, 64(1): 35-49.

Lee, D., Yip, W., Chen, Y., Meng, Q., & Kleinman, A. “Ethno-Psychometric Evaluation of the General Health Questionnaire in Rural China.” Psychological Medicine, 2005, 36(2): 249-255.

Yip, W. and N. Adler. “Does Social Standing Affect Health and Happiness in Rural China?” Social Science and Medicine, Working Paper.