city cyclist

Links and Resources


Additional Links:


Harvard Prevention Research Center on Nutrition & Physical Activity

University of New Orleans Center for Urban & Public Affairs

Rails to Trails Conservancy

National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse

FHWA Factsheets:

Highway Provisions: Transportation Enhancements Program.

TEA-21 Recreational Trails Program


Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. ODPHP Publication No. U0036. Washington, D.C., 2008.
2. Besser LM, Dannenberg AL. Walking to public transit: steps to help meet physical activity recommendations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2005; 29(4):273-80.
3. Cradock AL, Troped, PJ, Fields B. et al. Factors associated with Federal transportation funding for local pedestrian and bicycle programming and facilities. Journal of Public Health Policy, 2009; 30 S38-S72.
4. McDonald, NC et al. U.S. School Travel, 2009 An Assessment of Trends. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2011; 41(2):146-151.
5. Santos A, McGuckin N, Nakamoto HY, Gray D, Liss S.  Summary of travel trends:  2009 Nationwide Household Travel Survey.  Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation; 2011. Report No.: FHWA-PL-11-022.
6. FHWA. Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation: Student Workbook, 2006; Report No.: HRT-05-133.
7. Rodriguez D. Active transportation: making the link from transportation to physical activity and obesity. San Diego: Active Living Research, 2009.
8. Pucher J, Renne JL. Socieoeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS. Transportation Quarterly, 2003; 57(3):49-77.
9. McDonald N. Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2008; 34(4): 341-344.
10. Laflamme L, Dederichsen F. Social differences in traffic injury risks in childhood and youth- a literature review and a research agenda. Injury Prevention, 2000; 6:293-298.

Safe Routes to School
1. Cooper AR, Wedderkopp N, Jago R, Kristensen PL, Moller NC, Froberg K, Page AS, Andersen LB. Longitudinal associations of cycling to school with adolescent fitness. Preventive Medicine, 2008; 47(3):324-8.
2. Faulkner, GEJ, Buliung, RN, Flora, PK, Fusco, C. Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 2009; 48, 3-8.
3. Lubans, DR, Boreham, CA, Kelly, P, Foster, CE. The relationship between active travel to school and health-related fitness in children and adolescents: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral
Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2011; 8(1), 5.
4. van Sluijs, EMF, Fearne, VA, Mattocks, C, Riddoch, C, Griffin, SJ, Ness, A. The contribution of active travel to children’s physical activity levels: cross-sectional results from the ALSPAC study. Preventive
Medicine, 2009; 48, 519-524.
5. McDonald NC. Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2007; 32(6), 509-516.
6. Pont, K, Ziviani, J, Wadley, D, Bennett, S, Abbott, R. Environmental correlates of children’s active transportation: a systematic literature review. Health & Place, 2009; 15, 849-862.
7. McMillan, TE. Urban Form and a Child’s Trip to School: The Current Literature and a Framework for Future Research. Journal of Planning Literature, May 2005; vol. 19 no. 4 440-456.
8. Panter JR, Jones AP, van Sluijs EM. Environmental determinants of active travel in youth: a review and framework for future research. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2008; 3;5:34.
9. Timperio A, Ball K, Salmon J, Roberts R, Giles-Corti B, Simmons D, Bauer, LA, Crawford, D. Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2006 30(1), 45-51.