Intent, Lethality, and Method Choice Bibliography

Bridge JA, Greenhouse JB, Sheftall AH, Fabio A, Campo JV, Kelleher KJ. Changes in suicide rates by hanging and/or suffocation and firearms among young persons aged 10-24 years in the United States: 1992-2006. J Adolesc Health. 2010 May;46(5):503-5.

This study found that the overall suicide rate and the rate of suicide by firearms, poisoning and other methods declined markedly from 1992-2006, whereas the hanging/suffocation rate increased significantly during this same time period for youth.

Brown GK, Henriques GR, Sosdjan D, and Beck AT. Suicide intent and accurate expectations of lethality: predictors of medical lethality of suicide attempts. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2004; 72:1170-74.

Denning DG, Conwell Y, King D, Cox C. Method choice, intent and gender in completed suicide. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2000; 30 (3): 282-288.

Drum DJ, Brownson C, Denmark AB, Smith S. New data on the nature of suicidal crises in college students: Shifting the paradigm. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 2009; 40(3):213-222.

Eddleston M, Karunaratne A, Weerakoon M, et al. Choice of poison for intentional self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka. Clinical Toxicology. 2006;44:283-6.

Klieve H, Sveticic J, De Leo D. Who uses firearms as a means of suicide? A population study exploring firearm accessibility and method choice. BMC Med. 2009;7:52.

Hamdi E, Amin Y and Mattar T. Clinical correlates of intent in attempted suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1991; 83(5): 406-411.

Nielsen AS, Stenager E, Brahe UB. Attempted suicide, suicidal intent, and alcohol. Crisis. 1993;14(1):32-8.

Peterson, L, Peterson M, O’Shanic G and Swann A. Self-inflicted gunshot wounds: Lethality of method versus intent. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1985; 142: 228-231.

Pirkola S, Isometsä E, Lönnqvist J.Do means matter?: Differences in characteristics of Finnish suicide completers using different methods. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2003 Nov;191(11):745-50.

Plutchick R, van Praag HM, Picard S, Conte HR and Korn M. Is there a relationship between the seriousness of suicidal intent and the lethality of the suicide attempt? Psychiatry Research. 1988; 27:71-79.

Schwartz AJ. Rate, relative risk, and method of suicide by students at 4-year colleges and universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2011 Aug;41(4):353-71.

Swahn MH and Potter LB. Factors associated with the medical severity of suicide attempts in youths and young adults. Suicide and Life Threat Behav. 2001; 32:21-29.