RWJF alum Andrew Papachristos has shown that 41 percent of all gun homicide victims occur within a group that’s 4 percent of the population– or, to put it another way, belonging to that small network of 4 of the population increases your risk of being a homicide victim by 900 percent! Papachristos recently discussed these findings on NPR’s “Morning Edition.”
Faculty member Joyce Klein Rosenthal has just published a new paper in Health and Place. “We hope that this neighborhood-level ecological analysis may help to inform the search for adaptive responses and modifiable exposures, as it examines finer-scale patterns of urban vulnerability than previous studies,” says Rosenthal of the study, which is the first analysis of the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and excess mortality in New York City neighborhoods during very hot days.
Pop Center director Lisa Berkman and faculty member Cassandra Okechukwu have contributed to a study that examines whether the quality of care in nursing homes can be predicted by schedule control (workers’ ability to decide work hours), independently of other staffing characteristics. The study found that higher schedule control did indeed have the power to improve quality of care, as it was associated a lower prevalence of pressure ulcers.
Erika Sabbath, who recently joined the faculty of the Graduate School of Social Work at Boston College after completing a post-doctoral fellowship at the Pop Center, has received a major grant from the CDC and its National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. This K01 grant will give her the opportunity to focus intensively on her project “Quantifying Economic & Health Effects of Psychosocial Workplace Exposures.” Congratulations to Erika!
Congratulations to Ichiro Kawachi, co-director of the RWJF Health & Society Scholars program, who was recently named the John L. Loeb and Frances Lehman Loeb Professor of Social Epidemiology. Dr. Kawachi’s copious publications include the textbook Social Epidemiology, which he co-authored with Lisa Berkman. Dr. Kawachi, Dr. Berkman, and Dr. Maria Glymour will be discussing the just-released second edition of this book next Friday, September 12. Please join us!
Timing is everything. A study by David Cutler confirms that graduates who enter the labor market during bad economic times experience lower income, lower life satisfaction, greater obesity, more smoking and drinking later in life. The study also noted that education plays a protective role for these outcomes, as educated individuals, even when entering the market at times of high unemployment, have a much lower incidence of these outcomes than their uneducated counterparts. The study was published in Social Science and Medicine.
Pop Center faculty members Nancy Krieger and Jason Beckfield have published a study analyzing 50 years of data on the age at which US-born Black and White women begin menstruation. Their works shows that trends in age at menarche vary by socioeconomic position (SEP and race/ethnicity) in ways that pose challenges to several leading clinical, public health, and social explanations for timing of menarche.
Pop Center faculty members Gunther Fink and Wafaie Fawzi have published a new study showing that postponing the age of first birth and increasing inter-pregnancy intervals—two outcomes made possible by family planning—have the potential to significantly reduce the prevalence of stunted growth and improve child development in LMICs (low and middle income countries).
RWJF alumna Rebecca Thurston has published a study which reveals that psychosocial stress brought on by early life adversities may have implications for the development of risk factors for heart disease later on. The study results have been reported in multiple media outlets, including US News & World Report.
How does social disadvantage in childhood correlate to cardiometabolic function and chronic disease status 40 years down the line? RWJF alumna Amy Non, along with Pop Center faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, Matthew Gilman, and Laura Kubzansky, take a look at how adverse social environments in early life play out across the life course. The study has been published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.