Although a growing literature suggests that low birth weight increases the risk of poor health outcomes in adulthood, a new study co-authored by Pop Center faculty members SV Subramanian and Gunther Fink has found evidence to the contrary. Their findings, published in PLoS One, reveal that low birth weight did not result in poor health outcomes among young adults in Brazil. The researchers hope to expand upon on these findings by conducting further studies using larger samples and longer follow-ups.
The FDA’s announcement that it planned to update nutrition labels got a lot of press last week, with many popular media outlets reaching out to experts for comment. The Pop Center’s own Jason Block and Christina Roberto were quoted in a LiveScience article that discussed the proposed changes. Block is the Associate Director of the Obesity Prevention Program in the Department of Population Medicine at HSPH, and Roberto is a RWJF Health and Society Scholar who has published and spoken extensively on the power of food labeling.
A new study in Pediatrics, co-authored by faculty member Mark Schuster, examines the longitudinal associations of bullying with mental and physical health from elementary to high school. The study, titled “Peer Victimization in Fifth Grade and Health in Tenth Grade,” revealed that bullying was associated with worse mental and physical health, greater depression symptoms, and lower self-worth over time. These findings suggest that if clinicians recognize bullying when it first starts and intervene accordingly, they may be able to reverse the downward health trajectory experienced by youth who are repeated targets.
Egypt has an extremely high obesity rate–much higher than would be expected given the country’s level of economic development. How does this paradox affect the correlation between SES and obesity? Faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, SV Subramanian, and Allan Hill conducted a study which found that obesity is prevalent across the SES spectrum in Cairo, i.e. there are no marked correlations between obesity and SES measures such as education, household expenditures, household assets, subjective wealth, and father’s education. The paper, published in Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, analyzes these findings and considers how they should inform health policy.
In a new study published in Population Research and Policy Review, former Bell fellow Hiram Beltran-Sanchez and colleagues use the concept of avoidable/amenable mortality to estimate cause-of-death contributions to the difference in life expectancy between whites and blacks by gender in the United States between 1980 and 2007. Their findings show that a substantial portion of black-white disparities in mortality could be reduced given more equitable access to medical care and health interventions.
Until now, no public health study has examined South Africans’ experiences of human rights violations and smoking. The first paper to examine this relationship has just been published in Social Science & Medicine; Pop Center faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, Cassandra Okechukwu, and David Williams are co-authors. The results of their analysis suggest that smoking behaviors are more prevalent in South Africans who report that they have experienced violations of their human rights or who have a close relationship to others who experienced such violations.
Pop Center faculty member Orfeu Buxton and post-doctoral fellow Erika Sabbath contributed to a new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examining the relationship of BMI, physical activity, and age as they relate to workplace characteristics. Their paper presents intriguing insights into the relationship of workplace harassment and obesity, among other findings.
Pop Center faculty member SV Subramanian, faculty affiliate Maria Glymour, and former post-doctoral fellow Arijit Nandi have co-authored a study in Epidemiology assessing the extent to which smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity have mediated the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and all-cause mortality in a representative sample of US adults. Their findings point to the importance of social inequalities in unhealthy behaviors.
Pop Center faculty member Alexander C. Tsai has recently co-authored a number of studies pertaining to the treatment of HIV/AIDS in Uganda. Dr. Tsai was first author on “Internalized stigma, social distance, and disclosure of HIV seropositivity in rural Uganda” and “Harnessing poverty alleviation to reduce the stigma of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa.“
Pop Center Faculty Member Ichiro Kawachi has co-authored a study that investigates whether age-related hearing loss is associated with social isolation and whether factors such as age, gender, income, race, or hearing aid use moderated the association.