Pop Center affiliated faculty members Matthew Gillman, MD, and Elsie Taveras, MD, have published a study in Obesity that examines the significance of beverage consumption during infancy and childhood and found that higher juice intake during infancy (at one year) was associated with higher juice and sugar-sweetened beverage intake and higher BMI during early and mid-childhood. The findings suggest that early juice intake could be a target for obesity prevention, and lend support to the recommendation of substituting water for fruit juice during infancy.
A study published in American Journal of Public Health co-authored by Pop Center faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, MD, PhD, Maria M. Glymour, PhD, and S V Subramanian (Subu), PhD, reveals that disparities in asthma prevalence by racial/ethnic groups increased in the last decade, with non-Hispanic Blacks and Puerto Rican Hispanics at greater risk.
A study published in PNAS by Pop Center Yerby Fellow Mariana Arcaya, ScD, Faculty Members S V Subramanian (Subu), PhD, and Mary C. Waters, PhD, and colleague explores health as a determinant of neighborhood attainment (as opposed to the more typical theme of neighborhood effects on health) amongst Hurricane Katrina survivors.
While female sterilization continues to prevail as the most dominant family planning method provided and used in India, almost one in five contraceptive users in India employs a temporary method. Harvard Pop Center Research Scientist Livia Montana, PhD., and colleagues have published a study in BMC Public Health that explores the patterns of temporary method use among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India with the goal of offering programmatic recommendations that may lead to fewer unintended pregnancies and abortions in this region, and beyond.
RWJF alum Andrew Papachristos has shown that 41 percent of all gun homicide victims occur within a group that’s 4 percent of the population– or, to put it another way, belonging to that small network of 4 of the population increases your risk of being a homicide victim by 900 percent. Papachristos recently discussed these findings on NPR’s “Morning Edition.”
PGDA Fellow Mark McGovern, PhD, has co-authored a study published in the October issue of Journal of Population Economics that presents a new approach to evaluating the relationship between falling rates of infant mortality and fertility reductions.
In connection with a recent Pew Research Center Report and a New York Times article on the link between decreasing marriage rates and increasing financial concerns, Pop Center affiliated faculty member Alexandra Killewald’s research on the marriage premium has been cited in this Mercatornet.com article.
Livia Montana, PhD, a Harvard Pop Center senior research scientist, co-authored a paper published in Spatial Demography, that introduces a novel sampling approach to delineate slum and non-slum areas using satellite data in order to evaluate family planning services in six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India. The methods were developed as part of the impact evaluation of the Urban Health Initiative (UHI), which is dedicated to increasing access to high-quality family planning services to help reduce maternal and child mortality, and unintended pregnancies.
Harvard RWJF Health & Society Scholar Alumna Summer Hawkins, PhD, has co-authored a study published in the American Journal of Public Health that finds that state cigarette tax may be an effective population-level intervention to decrease racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in maternal smoking during pregnancy.