Childhood to Elder Health: A Lifecourse Perspective Projects

CURRENT PROJECTS (listed in alpha-order by PI)

Project Title: ART Knowledge and Subjective Life Expectancy – a Field Experiment
PI: Till Bärnighausen, MD/PhD, ScD, MSc, MSc, Assistant Professor of Global Health, Harvard School of Public Health
Funder: Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Summary: This study will implement a randomized life-expectancy information intervention to assess whether information on (antiretroviral therapy) ART affects subjective life expectancy, and in turn, whether subjective life expectancy impacts other economic preferences and behaviors.

Project Title: Social Protection, Work and Family Strain: Cumulative Disadvantage Effects in the US and Europe
PI: Lisa Berkman, PhD, Director, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Funder: National Institutes of Health
Summary: This project has multiple aims: 1) to describe the distribution of work-family strain for females born 1920- 1960 in the US and EU; 2) to assess the differential toxicity of work-family strain on CVD risk behaviors and biomarkers, incidence of stroke and heart disease, CVD mortality, and life expectancy in the US and Europe; 3) to assess whether distributions of the toxicity of work-family strain explain geographic and temporal variations in CVD and life expectancy, and 4) to assess impacts of trends in work-family strain on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in the US and Europe

Project Title: Family Socioeconomic Lineages: Implications for Health Disparities
PI: Esther M. Friedman, PhD, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholar, Harvard School of Public Health
Funder: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars
Summary: This study seeks to better understand the impact on inequality of broader family-level socioeconomic status, this study will take a dynamic and longitudinal family perspective on SES and investigate the education, income, and wealth of generations of the family unit, including grandparents, parents, children, siblings, and spouses, and how their contribution to the family-level SES changes over time.

Project Title: Gender Differences in the Early-Life Origins of Adult Health
PIs: Esther M. Friedman, PhD, RWJF Health & Society Scholar, Harvard School of Public Health and Jennifer Karas Montez, PhD, RWJF Health & Society Scholar, Harvard School of Public Health
Funder: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars
Summary: This study will systematically examine whether early-life socioeconomic and socio-relational contexts, including incidence, timing, and self-assessed severity of the exposures, differentially influence men’s and women’s health across a range of health outcomes

Project Title: Lifecourse Socioeconomic Status, Hypertension and Risk of Dementia and Cognitive Decline
PI: Medellena Glymour, PhD, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health
Funder: National Institutes of Health, PGDA Pilot Project

Project Title: Tracing the Early Life Origins of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Later Life
PI: Mark McGovern, PhD, Program on the Global Demography of Aging Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Funder: Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Summary: This project will investigate the pathways from poor childhood circumstances to social isolation in later life, and the resulting physical consequences.

Project Title: Early-life Influences on the Onset and Progression of Women’s Cardiovascular Disease Risk in the Study of Women’s Health Across
PI: Jennifer Karas Montez, PhD, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholar
Funder: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars
Summary: This project investigates how early-life contexts contribute to the progressive nature of CVD, particularly by estimating the age-adjusted associations between early-life socioeconomic conditions and biological indicators of CVD among women during midlife and examining whether the strength of the associations varies across age.

Project Title: Time Use among Retirees in the French GAZEL Cohort: Description, Life Course Predictors, and Health Associations
PI: Erika Sabbath, ScD, Research Fellow, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Funder: Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
Summary: This study will test whether lifetime socioeconomic factors and health status predict patterns of time use among retirees, and the ways in which time use is correlated with current health status.