Tag Archives: HIV

Low mortality rate at 24 months postpartum among HIV-infected women in Tanzania given ART during pregnancy

LeynaHarvard Pop Center Spiegelman Fellow Germana Leyna, MD, has co-authored an article published in BioMed Central that examines virologic and immunologic responses, drug resistance and mortality at 24 months postpartum in women in Tanzania who started antiretroviral therapy (ART) for life late in pregnancy. While virologic and immunologic failure was significantly higher among women who reported non-perfect adherence to ART at month 24, the mortality rate was fairly low.

Recent violence negatively impacts mental health consequences for predisposed women at risk for HIV

Tsai_AlexanderHarvard Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society scholar alum and current Harvard Pop Center faculty member Alexander Tsai, MD, is lead author on a paper that investigates association between recent violence and the mental health consequences for women with preexisting psychiatric conditions who are at risk for HIV.

Study finds sexual violence leads to adverse mental health outcomes among HIV-positive women in rural Uganda

TSAI-headshot_resizedHarvard Pop Center affiliated faculty member Alexander Tsai, MD, PhD, who is also a Harvard RWJF Health & Society Scholar alum, is lead author on the study published in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Decline in HIV mortality due to antiretroviral treatment not same for all groups in rural South African community

kahn headshotHarvard Pop Center affiliated researchers Kathleen Kahn, PhD, and Stephen Tollman, PhD, and colleagues have published a study in Global Health Action that evaluates the HIV mortality rates on a rural South African community from 2007-2010, when antiretroviral treatment (ART) was rolled out. Factors such as gender, age, location (distance from health center), length of residence, country of origin, transportation ownership, and level of education had an impact on the risk of dying of HIV/TB over the period of the roll-out of ART.

Higher levels of serum Vit. D associated with increased mortality/morbidity in HIV-infected/exposed Tanzanian infants in malaria-endemic setting

fawzi_wafaiHarvard Pop Center affiliated faculty member Wafaie Fawzi is co-author on a study published in the Journal of Nutrition that examines the status of Vitamin D measured in the blood of HIV-infected and HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants in a malaria-endemic setting. The study yields some unexpected findings that call for additional research.

Are older sexual partners a major risk factor for HIV for young women in sub-Saharan Africa?

Although it is commonly thought that older sexual partners are a major risk factor for HIV for young women in sub-Saharan Africa (and there have been public health campaigns launched to discourage these relationships) in a recent study co-authored by Harvard Pop Center affiliated faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, SV Subramanian, and Till Bärnighausen partner age-disparity did not predict HIV acquisition amongst young women.

Rural South Africa seeing increase in mortality in population aged over 50 due to HIV/TB

Harvard Pop Center Director Lisa Berkman, PhD, and affiliated researchers Kathleen Kahn, PhD, and Stephen Tollman, PhD, have co-authored a study published in the International Journal of Social Epidemiology that examines the social conditions and disability related to the mortality of older people in rural South Africa.

Till Bärnighausen co-authors paper on understanding and validating measures of governments’ political commitment to HIV

Pop Center faculty member Dr. Till Bärnighausen has co-authored a paper in Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice entitled “Bringing the state back in: Understanding and validating measures of governments’ political commitment to HIV.”

Dr. Alex Tsai Publishes Work on HIV/AIDS in Uganda

Pop Center faculty member Alexander C. Tsai  has recently co-authored a number of studies pertaining to the treatment of HIV/AIDS in Uganda.  Dr. Tsai was first author on “Internalized stigma, social distance, and disclosure of HIV seropositivity in rural Uganda” and “Harnessing poverty alleviation to reduce the stigma of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa.