How does social disadvantage in childhood correlate to cardiometabolic function and chronic disease status 40 years down the line? RWJF alumna Amy Non, along with Pop Center faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, Matthew Gilman, and Laura Kubzansky, take a look at how adverse social environments in early life play out across the life course. The study has been published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
Egypt has an extremely high obesity rate–much higher than would be expected given the country’s level of economic development. How does this paradox affect the correlation between SES and obesity? Faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, SV Subramanian, and Allan Hill conducted a study which found that obesity is prevalent across the SES spectrum in Cairo, i.e. there are no marked correlations between obesity and SES measures such as education, household expenditures, household assets, subjective wealth, and father’s education. The paper, published in Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, analyzes these findings and considers how they should inform health policy.
Until now, no public health study has examined South Africans’ experiences of human rights violations and smoking. The first paper to examine this relationship has just been published in Social Science & Medicine; Pop Center faculty members Ichiro Kawachi, Cassandra Okechukwu, and David Williams are co-authors. The results of their analysis suggest that smoking behaviors are more prevalent in South Africans who report that they have experienced violations of their human rights or who have a close relationship to others who experienced such violations.
Pop Center Faculty Member Ichiro Kawachi has co-authored a study that investigates whether age-related hearing loss is associated with social isolation and whether factors such as age, gender, income, race, or hearing aid use moderated the association.
Neighborhood foreclosures are associated with local population weight gain finds Pop Center faculty members, Maria Glymour, Ichiro Kawachi and SV Subramanian, and Pop Center research scientist, Mariana Arcaya, in their recent study published in the American Journal of Public Health.