While female sterilization continues to prevail as the most dominant family planning method provided and used in India, almost one in five contraceptive users in India employs a temporary method. Harvard Pop Center Research Scientist Livia Montana, PhD., and colleagues have published a study in BMC Public Health that explores the patterns of temporary method use among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India with the goal of offering programmatic recommendations that may lead to fewer unintended pregnancies and abortions in this region, and beyond.
Livia Montana, PhD, a Harvard Pop Center senior research scientist, co-authored a paper published in Spatial Demography, that introduces a novel sampling approach to delineate slum and non-slum areas using satellite data in order to evaluate family planning services in six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India. The methods were developed as part of the impact evaluation of the Urban Health Initiative (UHI), which is dedicated to increasing access to high-quality family planning services to help reduce maternal and child mortality, and unintended pregnancies.
Visiting scientist Sanjay K. Mohanty, PhD, has published a paper that expands fertility change and gender bias research in India to the district level. This new research, published in the Journal of Biosocial Science, suggests that a comprehensive strategy to reduce the gender differential in child mortality and curb sex-selective abortion to improve the child sex ratio would be helpful in India.
Harvard Pop Center Faculty Steering Committee Member SV Subramanian (Subu), Ph.D., Professor of Population Health and Geography at HSPH, has co-authored a study that has confirmed findings from high income countries showing a high prevalence of asthma in men in a number of occupational categories and sub categories, with no evidence of increased risks, however, for women in the same occupations.
Rohini Pande, Ph.D., Mohammed Kamal Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School and a Pop Center faculty member co-wrote an oped piece in the New York Times on pollution in India, drawing attention to health costs.
SV Subramanian, Pop Center faculty member, studies socio-economic patterns in tobacco use in Indian states and their policy implications.
Study by Rohini Pande, Pop Center faculty member, finds that women leaders change the perceptions and behaviors toward all women and raise the aspirations of girls and their parents. Read more in IMF Survey: Better Gender Balance at Top Helps Both Women and Men.