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Articolul 32. Īntreruperea voluntară a cursului sarcinii
(1) Femeilor li se acordă dreptul să-şi hotărască personal problema maternităţii.
(2) Operaţia de īntrerupere a cursului sarcinii poate fi efectuată pīnă la sfīrşitul primelor 12 săptămīni de sarcină numai īn unităţi medico-sanitare publice.
(3) Modul de efectuare a acestei operaţii după primele 12 săptămīni de sarcină este stabilit de Ministerul Sănătăţii.
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[The above Law provides that women have a right to decide on maternity. An abortion may be performed during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy in public health units. After 12 weeks, the Ministry of Health shall determine rules on abortion. Orders issued by the Ministry of Health allow abortions to be performed during the first 22 weeks of pregnancy in cases of threat to health, pregnancy resulting from a crime, genetic problems, and social grounds. Abortions may be performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy in cases of congenital syphilis and severe fetal malformations. Only obstetricians and gynecologists may carry out abortions.]
Criminal Code, 18 April 2002, as amended through 2008.
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Article 159. Illegal Abortion
(1) Interrupting a pregnancy by any means committed:
a) outside medical institutions or specially authorized medical offices;
b) by a person without special higher medical education;
c) in case of a pregnancy that exceeds 12 weeks without medical indications issued by
the Ministry of Health;
d) if there are medical contraindications for such operations;
e) in insanitary conditions;
shall be punished by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 conventional units or by the
deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or to practice certain activities for up to 3
years or by imprisonment for up to 2 years.
(2) The same action:
b) that cause by imprudence serious or less serious bodily injury or damage to health;
c) that cause by imprudence the death of the victim;
shall be punished by imprisonment for 1 to 6 years with (or without) the deprivation of the
right to hold certain positions or to practice certain activities for up to 5 years.
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