QATAR.  Penal Code of 25 August 1975.

 

Article 170.  (1)  Whoever intentionally performs an abortion on a pregnant woman with her consent and does not believe in good faith that thereby he is saving her life shall be punished with up to five years’ imprisonment.

 

(2)  The  provisions of this Article shall also be applied to a woman who performs an abortion on herself or allows another person to perform the abortion.

 

Article 171.  Whoever intentionally performs an abortion on a pregnant woman without her consent and does not believe in good faith that thereby he is saving her life shall be punished with up to 10 years’ imprisonment.

 

Article 172.  Whoever with the consent of a pregnant woman undertakes a procedure with the purpose of abortion and causes her death and does not believe in good faith that thereby he is saving her life shall be punished with up to 10 years’ imprisonment.  If the act is performed without her consent, he shall be punished with up to 14 years’ imprisonment.

 

Article 173. (1)  Whoever violently assaults a woman and thereby intentionally causes her miscarriage shall be punished with up to three years’ imprisonment and/or with a fine of up to 3,000 rupees.

 

(2)  If the perpetrator knew that the woman was pregnant, the punishment shall amount to up to seven years’ imprisonment.

 

Article 174.  Whoever before the birth of a fetus carries out an act to kill the fetus shall be punished with up to seven months’ imprisonment if the act, before or after birth, leads to the death of the fetus and is not carried out in good faith to save the life of the pregnant woman.

 

 

Law No. 3/1983 of 22 February 1983 on the practice of physicians, surgeons and dentists.  (Al-Jaridah Al-Rasmiyah, 1 March 1983, pp. 9-19; translated in International Digest of Health Legislation, Vol. 34, No. 4, 1983.)

 

Section 17  It shall be prohibited to perform an abortion on a pregnant woman except to save her life.  However, provided the pregnancy is of less than four months’ duration, abortion shall be authorized in the following cases:

 

(a)  if the continuation of the pregnancy would cause certain and serious harm to the mother’s health; or

 

(b)  if there is evidence that the conceptus would be born suffering from serious and incurable physical malformations or mental deficiency, and both spouses consent to abortion.

 

Abortion must be performed in a government hospital on the recommendation of a medical commission composed of three medical specialists, including a specialist in gynaecology and a specialist in obstetrics.  The Minister of Health shall issue an ordinance on the conditions to be fulfilled by members of the above-mentioned medical commission and on the measures necessary to perform the operation.