SOUTH AUSTRALIA. Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935, as amended through 2003.

 

Division 17—Abortion

 

Attempts to procure abortion

 

  81. (1) Any woman who, being with child, with intent to procure her own miscarriage, unlawfully administers to herself any poison or other noxious thing, or unlawfully uses any instrument or other means whatsoever with the like intent, shall be guilty of an offence and liable to be imprisoned for life.

 

  (2) Any person who, with intent to procure the miscarriage of any woman, whether she is or is not with child, unlawfully administers to her, or causes to be taken by her, any poison or other noxious thing, or unlawfully uses any instrument or other means whatsoever with the like intent, shall be guilty of an offence and liable to be imprisoned for life.

 

Procuring drugs etc to cause abortion

 

  82. Any person who unlawfully supplies or procures any poison or other noxious thing, or any instrument or thing whatsoever, knowing that it is intended to be unlawfully used or employed with intent to procure the miscarriage of any woman, whether she is or is not with child, shall be guilty of an offence and liable to be imprisoned for a term not exceeding three years.

 

Medical termination of pregnancy

 

  82A. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 81 or 82, but subject to this section, a person shall not be guilty of an offence under either of those sections—

 

(a) if the pregnancy of a woman is terminated by a legally qualified medical practitioner in a case where he and one other legally qualified medical practitioner are of the opinion, formed in good faith after both have personally examined the woman—

 

(i) that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve greater risk to the life of the pregnant woman, or greater risk of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman, than if the pregnancy were terminated; or

 

(ii) that there is a substantial risk that, if the pregnancy were not terminated and the child were born to the pregnant woman, the child would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped,

 

and where the treatment for the termination of the pregnancy is carried out in a hospital, or a hospital of a class, declared by regulation to be a prescribed hospital, or a hospital of a prescribed class, for the purposes of this section; or

 

(b )if the pregnancy of a woman is terminated by a legally qualified medical practitioner in a case where he is of the opinion, formed in good faith, that the termination is immediately necessary to save the life, or to prevent grave injury to the physical or mental health, of the pregnant woman.

 

  (2) Subsection (1)(a) does not refer or apply to any woman who has not resided in South Australia for a period of at least two months before the termination of her pregnancy.

 

  (3) In determining whether the continuance of a pregnancy would involve such risk of injury to the physical or mental health of a pregnant woman as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a)(i), account may be taken of the pregnant woman's actual or reasonably foreseeable environment.

 

  (4) The Governor may make regulations—

 

(a) for requiring any such opinion as is referred to in subsection (1) to be certified by the legally qualified medical practitioners or practitioner concerned in such form and at or within such time as may be prescribed and for requiring the preservation and disposal of any such certificate made for the purposes of this Act; and

 

(b) for requiring any legally qualified medical practitioner who terminates a pregnancy, and the superintendent or manager of the hospital in which the termination is carried out, to give notice of the termination and such other information relating to the termination as may be prescribed to the Director‑General of Medical Services; and

 

(c) for prohibiting the disclosure, except to such persons or for such purposes as may be prescribed, of notices or information given pursuant to the regulations; and

 

(d) declaring a particular hospital or a class of hospitals to be a prescribed hospital or a prescribed class of hospitals for the purposes of this section; and

 

(e) for providing for, and prescribing, any penalty, not exceeding two hundred dollars, for any contravention of, or failure to comply with, any regulations.

 

  (5) Subject to subsection (6), no person is under a duty, whether by contract or by any statutory or other legal requirement, to participate in any treatment authorised by this section to which he has a conscientious objection, but in any legal proceedings the burden of proof of conscientious objection rests on the person claiming to rely on it.

 

  (6) Nothing in subsection (5) affects any duty to participate in treatment which is necessary to save the life, or to prevent grave injury to the physical or mental health, of a pregnant woman.

 

  (7) The provisions of subsection (1) do not apply to, or in relation to, a person who, with intent to destroy the life of a child capable of being born alive, by any wilful act causes such a child to die before it has an existence independent of its mother where it is proved that the act which caused the death of the child was not done in good faith for the purpose only of preserving the life of the mother.

 

  (8) For the purposes of subsection (7), evidence that a woman had at any material time been pregnant for a period of twenty‑eight weeks or more shall be prima facie proof that she was at that time pregnant of a child capable of being born alive.

 

  (9) For the purposes of sections 81 and 82, anything done with intent to procure the miscarriage of a woman is unlawfully done unless authorised by this section.

 

  (10) In this section and in sections 81 and 82—

 

"woman" means any female person of any age.

 

 

CRIMINAL LAW CONSOLIDATION (MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY) REGULATIONS 1996

 


  REGULATIONS UNDER THE CRIMINAL LAW CONSOLIDATION ACT 1935

 

Criminal Law Consolidation (Medical Termination of Pregnancy)

                      Regulations 1996

 

                                   being

 

               No. 193 of 1996: Gaz. 29 August 1996, p. 8351

 

                                as varied by

 

No. 172 of 2000: Gaz. 6 July 2000, p. 582

 

 

1Came into operation 1 September 1996: reg. 2.

2Came into operation 6 July 2000: reg. 2.

 

   NOTE:

×Asterisks indicate repeal or deletion of text.

×For the legislative history of the regulations see Appendix.

1


                 SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS

 

 1.Citation

 2.Commencement

 3.Revocation

 4.Interpretation

 5.Doctor's certificates and notice

 6.Monthly notification

 7.Disclosure of information

 8.Prescribed hospitals

 9.Offences

 

                                 SCHEDULE 1

                      Doctor's Certificates and Noticenbsp;                    SCHEDULE 2

                      Monthly Notification by Hospital

 

                                 SCHEDULE 3

                            Prescribed Hospitals

 

                                  APPENDIX

                            LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

 


Citation

  1. These regulations may be cited as the Criminal Law Consolidation (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) Regulations 1996.

 

Commencement

  2. These regulations will come into operation on 1 September 1996.

 

Revocation

  3. The Abortion Regulations 1970 (see Gazette 8 January 1970 p. 4), as varied, are revoked.

 

Interpretation

  4. In these regulations, unless the contrary intention appears—

 

"Act" means the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935;

 

"Director-General" means the Director-General of Medical Services;

 

"doctor" means a legally qualified medical practitioner.

 

Doctor's certificates and notice

  5. (1) Before any treatment for the termination of a pregnancy in accordance with section 82A(1)(a) of the Act is commenced, the doctor who will be performing the termination and the other doctor referred to in that paragraph must complete a certificate in accordance with the instructions contained in Part A of Schedule 1 (including all other information required by Part A of that Schedule).

 

  (2) As soon as practicable after a pregnancy is terminated in accordance with section 82A(1)(b) of the Act, the doctor who performed the termination must complete a certificate in accordance with the instructions contained in Part A of Schedule 1 (including all other information required by Part A of that Schedule).

 

  (3) As soon as practicable after a pregnancy has been terminated under paragraph (a) or (b) of section 82A(1), the doctor who performed the termination must complete a notice in the form set out in Part B of Schedule 1 (including all other information required by Part B of that Schedule).

 

  (4) The doctor who performed the termination must ensure that a certificate and notice completed under this regulation in relation to the termination is delivered or posted to the Director-General within 14 days of the termination.

 

  (5) A copy of a certificate and notice completed under this section must be retained by the doctor who performed the termination for a period of three years commencing on the date of the termination.

 

Monthly notification

  6. The chief executive officer of a hospital at which a pregnancy has been terminated during any calendar month must, within 20 days of the end of that month, deliver or post to the Director-General a duly completed notice in the form set out in Schedule 2.

 

Disclosure of information

  7. (1) A person must not produce a certificate or notice given under these regulations, or disclose any information contained in such a certificate or notice, except—

 

(a)for the purposes of performing official duties—to an officer or employee of the Department of the Minister to whom the administration of the South Australian Health Commission Act 1976 has been committed; or

 

(b)as required by law; or

 

(c)for the purposes of investigating or prosecuting an alleged offence—to a member of a law enforcement or prosecution authority of the State; or

 

(d)for the purposes of any legal proceedings—to the Court or other tribunal dealing with the proceedings; or

 

(e)to the Medical Board of South Australia for the purpose of enabling the Board to discharge its functions according to law; or

 

(f)to the doctor who terminated the pregnancy; or

 

(g)to any other doctor with the consent, in writing, of the woman whose pregnancy was terminated.

 

  (2) A person who has been requested to produce a certificate or notice in accordance with paragraphs (f) or (g) of subsection (1) may require the person making the request to complete a statutory declaration verifying the grounds on which the request is made.

 

  (3) Nothing in this regulation prevents the disclosure by the Director-General of statistics, provided that such disclosure does not reveal the identity of any woman who has had a pregnancy terminated or any doctor who has performed a termination.

 

Prescribed hospitals

  8. The hospitals listed in Schedule 3 are declared to be prescribed hospitals for the purposes of section 82A of the Act.

 


Offences

  9. A person who—

 

(a)contravenes or fails to comply with a provision of these regulations; or

 

(b)knowingly makes a statement or provides information that is false or misleading in, or in connection with, a certificate or notice given under these regulations,

 

is guilty of an offence.

 

Maximum penalty:$200.

 


                                                 SCHEDULE 1

                                                 Doctor's Certificates and Notice

 

A copy of this form must be retained by the doctor who performed the termination for a period of three years commencing on the date of the termination. The original form is to be delivered or posted in a sealed envelope within 14 days of the termination of the pregnancy to the Director-General of Medical Services, c/-Pregnancy Outcome Unit, Department of Human Services, P.O. Box 6, Rundle Mall, Adelaide, S.A., 5000. The envelope must be clearly marked with the words "STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL".

 

PLEASE USE BLOCK LETTERS

 

                                                      PART A—CERTIFICATES

 

NAME, ADDRESS AND QUALIFICATIONS OF DOCTOR WHO PROPOSES TO TERMINATE PREGNANCY OR, IN THE CASE OF AN EMERGENCY TERMINATION, WHO HAS TERMINATED PREGNANCY:...........................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

NAME, ADDRESS AND QUALIFICATIONS OF OTHER DOCTOR JOINING IN CERTIFICATE FOR ORDINARY TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY:....................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

FULL NAME AND ADDRESS OF PREGNANT WOMAN:...........................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

PREGNANT WOMAN'S STATED PERIOD OF RESIDENCY IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA BEFORE THE DATE OF THIS CERTIFICATE:.........................................................................................................................................................................

REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY:

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

DIAGNOSIS (Primary condition must be specified)

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

           CERTIFICATE TO BE COMPLETED BEFORE AN ORDINARY TERMINATION

We certify that in the case of the woman named above (whom we have each personally examined) termination of pregnancy is justified under section 82A(1)(a) of the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 on the following grounds:

*1.The continuance of the pregnancy would involve greater risk to the life of the pregnant woman than if the pregnancy were terminated.

*2.The continuance of the pregnancy would involve greater risk of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman than if the pregnancy were terminated.

*3.There is a substantial risk that, if the pregnancy were not terminated and the child were born, the child would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped.

                                                                                                                                                 (*Circle the appropriate number)

 

SIGNED.................................................................................................................................................. DATE. . . . . . . . . . . . .

SIGNED.................................................................................................................................................. DATE. . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

     CERTIFICATE TO BE COMPLETED FOLLOWING AN EMERGENCY TERMINATION

I certify that in the case of the woman named above (whom I have personally examined) termination of pregnancy was justified under section 82A(1)(b) of the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 on the following grounds:

*4.Termination of the pregnancy was immediately necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman.

*5.Termination of the pregnancy was immediately necessary to prevent grave injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman.

                                                                                                                                                 (*Circle the appropriate number)

 

SIGNED........................................................................................................................................................... DATE . . . . . . . .


PART B—NOTICE TO BE COMPLETED FOLLOWING TERMINATION OF A PREGNANCY

 

The pregnancy to which the above certificate relates was terminated at—

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

                                                                                     (Name of hospital)

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

                                                                                   (Address of hospital)

on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(Date of termination)

Signed.......................................................................................................................................................... Date. . . . . . . . . . . . .

(Doctor who terminated the pregnancy)

                                           INFORMATION RELATING TO THE

                                                            TERMINATION

                                          [To be completed by the doctor who performed the termination.]

 

1.Date of birth of woman: (day, month, year)......................................................................................................................

2.Marital Status: (Circle one)

(a)Never married                                                                                                                                               (d) Widowed                                         

(b)Married                                                                                                                                      (e) Divorced or separated                          

(c)De facto                                                                                                                                                        (f) Not known                                        

3.Date of last menstrual period: (Day, Month, Year)..........................................................................................................

(If unknown, or uncertain, give clinical estimates in weeks of gestation when pregnancy terminated)

4.Total number of previous pregnancies:

RESULT OF PREGNANCY                                                                                                                            NUMBER  

Live births...............................................................................................................................................................................

Still births................................................................................................................................................................................

Spontaneous miscarriages......................................................................................................................................................

Ectopic pregnancies................................................................................................................................................................

Terminations...........................................................................................................................................................................

5.Number of previous terminations in South Australia (1970 or after).............................................................................

Year of last termination in South Australia..........................................................................................................................

6.Date of admission to place of termination of pregnancy: (Day, Month, Year)...............................................................

7.Date of termination of pregnancy: (Day, Month, Year)...................................................................................................

8.Date of discharge from place of termination of pregnancy: (Day, Month, Year)...........................................................

9.Grounds for termination of pregnancy:

(a)Medical condition of woman (specify)

Obstetric Disease....................................................................................................................................................................

Non-obstetric disease.............................................................................................................................................................

(b)Suspected medical condition of foetus (specify)

Genetic disorder......................................................................................................................................................................

Non-genetic disorder..............................................................................................................................................................

If account has been taken of the woman's actual or reasonably foreseeable environment, indicate reasons:..................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................

10.Method of termination: (Circle one)

1. Dilatation and curettage                                                                                                             6. Intra-uterine injection                            

2. Hysterotomy—abdominal                                                                                                           7. Intravenous infusion                              

3. Hysterotomy—vaginal                                                                                            8. Cervical prostaglandin instillation              

4. Hysterectomy                                                                                                                        9. Dilatation and evacuation                        

5. Vacuum aspiration                                                                                           10. Other (specify) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.Was sterilisation of the woman undertaken: (Circle one)

1.Yes2.    No.

12.Post-operative complications or death prior to date of this notice: (Circle)

1.None                                                                                                           5. Perforation of or trauma to body of uterus            

2.Sepsis                                                                                                                                       6. Anaesthetic complication                                 

3.Haemorrhage—intra-operative                                                               7. Other (specify). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.Haemorrhage—post-operative                                                          8. Maternal death (specify cause) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.If readmitted or transferred:

Place of transfer.......................................................................................................................................................................

Date of readmission/transfer: (Day, Month, Year).............................................................................................................

Date of second discharge: (Day, Month, Year).....................................................................................................................

Reason for readmission/transfer...........................................................................................................................................

                                                       OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Residency in South Australia:                                              1. less than specified time          2. more than specified time

Hospital where termination                                                                                                                       Date of receipt of            

performed:                                                                                                                                                            notification:              

Doctor performing termination:                                                                                                                                   LGA                            

Doctor supporting termination:                                                                                                                             Postcode:                      

Section of Act:

 


                                                 SCHEDULE 2

                                                Monthly Notification by Hospital

 

1.Name of hospital........................................................................................................................................................................

 

2.Month to which this notice relates: (month and year)............................................................................................................

 

3.Total number of pregnancies terminated during the month................................................................................................

 

4.Number of pregnancies terminated by individual doctors during the month:

              Name of Medical Practitioner

 

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

        Number of Pregnancies Terminated

 

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

..............................................................................................

 

 

Signed..................................................................................

                 (Chief Executive Officer of hospital)

Date . . . . . . . . . . .

 

Name...................................................................................

Address...............................................................................

..............................................................................................

Notes

The original notice is to be completed by the chief executive officer of the hospital and delivered or posted in a sealed envelope, within 20 days of the end of the month to which the notice relates, to the Director-General of Medical Services, c/- Pregnancy Outcome Unit, Department of Human Services, P.O. Box 6, Rundle Mall, Adelaide, S.A., 5000. The envelope must be clearly marked with the words "STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL".

 


                                                 SCHEDULE 3

                                                           Prescribed Hospitals

 

Ashford Community Hospital Incorporated

Balaklava and Riverton Districts Health Service Incorporated

Barossa Area Health Services Incorporated

Blackwood and District Community Hospital Incorporated

Booleroo Centre District Hospital and Health Services Incorporated

Bordertown Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Burnside War Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Burra Clare Snowtown Health Service Incorporated

Central Districts Private Hospital Incorporated

Central Eyre Peninsula Hospital Incorporated

Central Yorke Peninsula Hospital Incorporated

Cleve District Hospital Incorporated

Cowell District Hospital Incorporated

Crystal Brook District Hospital Incorporated

Cummins and District Memorial Hospital Incorporated

EllistonFlinders Medical Centre

Gawler Health Service Incorporated

Glenelg Community Hospital Incorporated

Great Northern War Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Gumeracha District Soldiers' Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Harwin Private Hospital

Hindmarsh Hospital Incorporated

Hutt Street Private Hospital

The Jamestown Hospital and Health Service Incorporated

Kangaroo Island General Hospital Incorporated

Kapunda Hospital Incorporated

Karoonda and District Soldiers' Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Keith and District Hospital Incorporated

Kiandra Private Hospital

Kimba District Hospital Incorporated

Kingston Soldiers' Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Lameroo District Hospital Incorporated

Loxton Hospital Complex Incorporated

Mannum District Hospital Incorporated

Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Meningie and Districts Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Millicent and District Hospital and Health Service Incorporated

Modbury Hospital

Mount Barker District Soldiers' Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Mount Gambier and Districts Health Service Incorporated

Mount Pleasant District Hospital Incorporated

The Murray Bridge Soldiers' Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Naracoorte Health Service Incorporated

Noarlunga Health Services Incorporated

North Eastern Community Hospital Incorporated

Northern Community Hospital Incorporated

Northern Yorke Peninsula Regional Health Service Incorporated

North Western Adelaide Health Service

Onkaparinga District Hospital Incorporated

Orroroo and District Health Service Incorporated

Penola War Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Peterborough Soldiers' Memorial Hospital and Health Service Incorporated

Pinnaroo Soldiers' Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Port Augusta Hospital and Regional Health Services Incorporated

Port Lincoln Health and Hospital Services Incorporated

Port Pirie Regional Health Service Incorporated

Quorn and District Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Renmark and Paringa District Hospital Incorporated

Repatriation General Hospital Incorporated

Riverland Regional Health Service Incorporated

Royal Adelaide Hospital

South Coast District Hospital Incorporated

Southern Districts War Memorial Hospital Incorporated

Southern Yorke Peninsula Health Service Incorporated

St. Andrews Hospital Incorporated

Stirling and Districts Hospital Incorporated

Strathalbyn and District Soldiers' Memorial Hospital and Health Services

Streaky Bay Hospital Incorporated

Tumby Bay Hospital and Health Services Incorporated

The Vales Private Hospital

Waikerie Hospital and Health Services Incorporated

Wakefield Hospital Incorporated

Western Community Hospital Incorporated

The Whyalla Hospital and Health Services Incorporated

Women's and Children's Hospital

 


                                                  APPENDIX

 

                                                     LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

 

Regulation 7(1):varied by 172, 2000, reg. 3

Schedule 1:varied by 172, 2000, reg. 4

Schedule 2:varied by 172, 2000, reg. 5