NEW HAMPSHIRE. New Hampshire Revised Statutes.

 

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Title X. Public Health

 

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CHAPTER 132 PROTECTION FOR MATERNITY AND INFANCY

 

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132:22 Title. This subdivision shall be known and may be cited as the Live-Birth Infants Protection Act.

 

132:23 Definition.
    I. In this subdivision "live-birth" means the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of a human conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such expulsion or extraction, breathes, or shows any other evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached.
    II. The definition under paragraph I shall apply whether the expulsion or extraction occurs as a result of natural or induced labor, cesarean section, or induced abortion.

 

132:24 Definitions [The provisions of 132:24 to 132:28 have been held to be unconstitutional and unenforceable.] In this subdivision:
    I. "Abortion" means the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device intentionally to terminate the pregnancy of a female known to be pregnant with an intention other than to increase the probability of a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth, or to remove an ectopic pregnancy or the products from a spontaneous miscarriage.
    II. "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the department of health and human services.
    III. "Department" means the department of health and human services.
    IV. "Emancipated minor" means any minor female who is or has been married or has by court order otherwise been freed from the care, custody, and control of her parents.
    V. "Guardian" means the guardian or conservator appointed under RSA 464-A, for pregnant females.
    VI. "Minor" means any person under the age of 18 years.
    VII. "Parent" means one parent of the pregnant girl if one is living or the guardian or conservator if the pregnant girl has one.

 

132:25 Notification Required.
    I. No abortion shall be performed upon an unemancipated minor or upon a female for whom a guardian or conservator has been appointed pursuant to RSA 464-A because of a finding of incompetency, until at least 48 hours after written notice of the pending abortion has been delivered in the manner specified in paragraphs II and III.
    II. The written notice shall be addressed to the parent at the usual place of abode of the parent and delivered personally to the parent by the physician or an agent.
    III. In lieu of the delivery required by paragraph II, notice shall be made by certified mail addressed to the parent at the usual place of abode of the parent with return receipt requested and with restricted delivery to the addressee, which means the postal employee shall only deliver the mail to the authorized addressee. Time of delivery shall be deemed to occur at 12 o'clock noon on the next day on which regular mail delivery takes place, subsequent to mailing.

 

132:26 Waiver of Notice.
    I. No notice shall be required under RSA 132:25 if:
       (a) The attending abortion provider certifies in the pregnant minor's medical record that the abortion is necessary to prevent the minor's death and there is insufficient time to provide the required notice; or
       (b) The person or persons who are entitled to notice certify in writing that they have been notified.
    II. If such a pregnant minor elects not to allow the notification of her parent or guardian or conservator, any judge of a court of competent jurisdiction shall, upon petition, or motion, and after an appropriate hearing, authorize an abortion provider to perform the abortion if said judge determines that the pregnant minor is mature and capable of giving informed consent to the proposed abortion. If said judge determines that the pregnant minor is not mature, or if the pregnant minor does not claim to be mature, the judge shall determine whether the performance of an abortion upon her without notification of her parent, guardian, or conservator would be in her best interests and shall authorize an abortion provider to perform the abortion without such notification if said judge concludes that the pregnant minor's best interests would be served thereby.
       (a) Such a pregnant minor may participate in proceedings in the court on her own behalf, and the court may appoint a guardian ad litem for her. The court shall, however, advise her that she has a right to court-appointed counsel, and shall, upon her request, provide her with such counsel.
       (b) Proceedings in the court under this section shall be confidential and shall be given such precedence over other pending matters so that the court may reach a decision promptly and without delay so as to serve the best interest of the pregnant minor. In no case shall the court fail to rule within 7 calendar days from the time the petition is filed. A judge of the court who conducts proceedings under this section shall make in writing specific factual findings and legal conclusions supporting the decision and shall order a record of the evidence to be maintained including the judge's own findings and conclusions.
       (c) An expedited confidential appeal shall be available to any such pregnant minor for whom the court denies an order authorizing an abortion without notification. The court shall make a ruling within 7 calendar days from the time of the docketing of the appeal. An order authorizing an abortion without notification shall not be subject to appeal. No filing fees shall be required of any such pregnant minor at either the trial or the appellate level. Access to the trial court for the purposes of such a petition or motion, and access to the appellate courts for purposes of making an appeal from denial of the same, shall be afforded such a pregnant minor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

 

132:27 Penalty. Performance of an abortion in violation of this subdivision shall be a misdemeanor and shall be grounds for a civil action by a person wrongfully denied notification. A person shall not be held liable under this section if the person establishes by written evidence that the person relied upon evidence sufficient to convince a careful and prudent person that the representations of the pregnant minor regarding information necessary to comply with this section are bone fide and true, or if the person has attempted with reasonable diligence to deliver notice, but has been unable to do so.

 

132:28 Severability. If any provision of this subdivision or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions or applications of this subdivision which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications, and to this end, the provisions of this subdivision are severable.

 

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TITLE XII
PUBLIC SAFETY AND WELFARE

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CHAPTER 168-B
SURROGACY

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168-B:27 No Specific Performance Rule. There shall be no specific performance for a breach by the surrogate of a surrogacy contract term that:
    I. Requires her to become impregnated;
    II. Requires her to have an abortion; or
    III. Forbids her to have an abortion.

 

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[New Hampshire prohibits funding for abortion for women eligible for state medical assistance for general health care unless the procedure is necessary to preserve her life or the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest. Dep't of Health and Human Services, Office of Health Management, Medicaid Administration Bureau, Amount, Duration and Scope of Medical and Remedial Care and Services Provided, Attachment 3.1-A, p. 2-a, 5a (July 1, 1997). This information is taken from the NARAL Pro-Choice America website.]