SOUTH CAROLINA.  Code of Laws of South Carolina. 

 

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[Title 1 - Administration of the Government

CHAPTER 1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS]

SECTION 1-1-1035. Expenditure of state or Medicaid funds to perform abortions.

No state funds or Medicaid funds shall be expended to perform abortions, except for those abortions authorized by federal law under the Medicaid program.

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[TITLE 1. ADMINISTRATION OF THE GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER 13. STATE HUMAN AFFAIRS COMMISSION]


SECTION 1-13-10. Short title.

This chapter shall be known as the "South Carolina Human Affairs Law."

SECTION 1-13-20. Declaration of policy.

This chapter is an expression of the concern of the State for the promotion of harmony and the betterment of human affairs. The General Assembly declares the practice of discrimination against an individual because of race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin, or disability as a matter of state concern and declares that this discrimination is unlawful and in conflict with the ideals of South Carolina and the nation, as this discrimination interferes with opportunities of the individual to receive employment and to develop according to the individual's own ability and is degrading to human dignity. The General Assembly further declares that to alleviate these problems a state agency is created which shall seek to eliminate and prevent discrimination because of race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin, or disability.

 

SECTION 1-13-30. Definitions.

The following words and phrases used herein shall be construed as follows:

 

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(l) The terms "because of sex" or "on the basis of sex" include, but are not limited to, because of or on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions; and women affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions shall be treated the same for all employment-related purposes, including receipt of benefits under fringe benefit programs, as other persons not so affected but similar in their ability or inability to work, and nothing in item (3) of subsection (h) of § 1-13-80 shall be interpreted to permit otherwise. This subsection shall not require an employer to pay for health insurance benefits for abortion, except where the life of the mother would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term, or except where medical complications have arisen from an abortion.  Provided, that nothing herein shall preclude an employer from providing abortion benefits or otherwise affect bargaining agreements in regard to abortion. This subsection shall not apply to any fringe benefit fund or insurance program which was in effect on October 31, 1978, until April 30, 1979. Until after October 31, 1979 or, if there was an applicable collective bargaining agreement in effect on October 31, 1978, until the termination of that agreement, no person who, on October 31, 1978, was providing either by direct payment or by making contributions to a fringe benefit fund or insurance program, benefits in violation of the provisions of this chapter relating to sex discrimination in employment shall, in order to come into compliance with such provisions, reduce the benefits or the compensation provided any employee on October 31, 1978, either directly or by failing to provide sufficient contributions to a fringe benefit fund or insurance program: Provided, That where the costs of such benefits on October 31, 1978 are apportioned between employers and employees, the payments or contributions required to comply with the provisions of this chapter relating to sex discrimination in employment may be made by employers and employees in the same proportion: And provided, further, That nothing in this section shall prevent the readjustment of benefits or compensation for reasons unrelated to compliance with the provisions of this chapter relating to sex discrimination in employment.

 

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[TITLE 43. SOCIAL SERVICES

CHAPTER 5. PUBLIC AID, ASSISTANCE AND RELIEF GENERALLY]

 


SECTION 43-5-10. Implementation and administration of public welfare program; regulations.

The Department of Social Services shall be responsible for maintaining uniformity in the administration of public welfare throughout the State. The director shall be the only person authorized to determine and implement the policies of the department. The department shall issue regulations pursuant to Sections 1-23-10, et seq., whenever changes in federal laws and regulations supersede existing state statutes. In adopting regulations the department shall strive for clarity of language which may be readily understood by those administering aid and by those who apply for or receive aid.

 

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SECTION 43-5-24. Provision of AFDC applicants with contraception and family planning information.

When an individual applies for assistance through the Aid to Families with Dependent Children Program, the Department of Social Services must provide the applicant with information on methods of contraception and family planning, excluding abortion counseling. The Department of Health and Environmental Control shall provide a brochure or some similar information packet on contraceptive methods and family planning to the Department of Social Services which the Department of Social Services can easily reproduce and distribute. Abortion must not be included in the brochure or information packet provided by the Department of Health and Environmental Control. If the applicant expresses an interest in scheduling an appointment with a local health department to obtain further information and counseling on contraceptive methods and family planning, the Department of Social Services shall assist the applicant in scheduling the appointment.

 

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SECTION 43-5-1185. Family skills training program.

As a condition of eligibility for Family Independence benefits, each adult recipient determined to be in need of family skills by his Family Independence case manager, and minor mother recipient must participate in a family skills training program which must include, but is not limited to, parenting skills, financial planning, and health information. Whenever possible and practical, the department shall coordinate with comparable staff of other state and local agencies in providing these services.

This program must include an alcohol and other drug assessment when it is determined by the department that an assessment is appropriate. The department shall coordinate with the Department of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services to provide the proper assessment of the recipient and training of the department personnel who are to conduct the assessment. If the recipient is determined to be in need of alcohol and other drug abuse treatment, the department shall coordinate the services with the Department of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services and shall include the individually determined terms and conditions of the treatment in the recipient's agreement with the department.

This program must include a family planning assessment if it is determined by the department that an assessment is appropriate. The department shall coordinate with the Department of Health and Environmental Control to provide the AFDC family with education, evaluation, and counseling, consistent with Medicaid regulations. State funds appropriated for family planning must not be used to pay for an abortion.

 

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[Title 44 - Health

CHAPTER 41.

ABORTIONS

ARTICLE 1.

ABORTIONS GENERALLY]

SECTION 44-41-10. Definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(a) "Abortion" means the use of an instrument, medicine, drug, or other substance or device with intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant for reasons other than to increase the probability of a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth, or to remove a dead fetus.

(b) "Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine in this State.

(c) "Department" means the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

(d) "Hospital" means those institutions licensed for hospital operation by the department in accordance with Article 3, Chapter 7 of this title and which have also been certified by the department to be suitable facilities for the performance of abortions.

(e) "Clinic" shall mean any facility other than a hospital as defined in subsection (d) which has been licensed by the Department, and which has also been certified by the Department to be suitable for the performance of abortions.

(f) "Pregnancy" means the condition of a woman carrying a fetus or embryo within her body as the result of conception.

(g) "Conception" means the fecundation of the ovum by the spermatozoa.

(h) "Consent" means a signed and witnessed voluntary agreement to the performance of an abortion.

(i) "First trimester of pregnancy" means the first twelve weeks of pregnancy commencing with conception rather than computed on the basis of the menstrual cycle.

(j) "Second trimester of pregnancy" means that portion of a pregnancy following the twelfth week and extending through the twenty-fourth week of gestation.

(k) "Third trimester of pregnancy" means that portion of a pregnancy beginning with the twenty-fifth week of gestation.

(l) "Viability" means that stage of human development when the fetus is potentially able to live outside of the mother's womb with or without the aid of artificial life support systems. For the purposes of this chapter, a legal presumption is hereby created that viability occurs no sooner than the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy.

(m) "Minor" means a female under the age of seventeen.

(n) "Emancipated minor" means a minor who is or has been married or has by court order been freed from the care, custody, and control of her parents.

(o) "In loco parentis" means any person over the age of eighteen who has placed himself or herself in the position of a lawful parent by assuming obligations which are incidental to the parental relationship and has so served for a period of sixty days.

SECTION 44-41-20. Legal Abortions.

Abortion shall be a criminal act except when performed under the following circumstances:

(a) During the first trimester of pregnancy the abortion is performed with the pregnant woman's consent by her attending physician pursuant to his professional medical judgment.

(b) During the second trimester of pregnancy the abortion is performed with the pregnant woman's consent by her attending physician in a hospital or clinic certified by the Department.

(c) During the third trimester of pregnancy, the abortion is performed with the pregnant woman's consent, and if married and living with her husband the consent of her husband, in a certified hospital, and only if the attending physician and one additional consulting physician, who shall not be related to or engaged in private practice with the attending physician, certify in writing to the hospital in which the abortion is to be performed that the abortion is necessary based upon their best medical judgment to preserve the life or health of the woman. In the event that the preservation of the woman's mental health is certified as the reason for the abortion, an additional certification shall be required from a consulting psychiatrist who shall not be related to or engaged in private practice with the attending physician. All facts and reasons supporting such certification shall be set forth by the attending physician in writing and attached to such certificate.  [This provision has been held to be unconstitutional and unenforceable with respect to the consent of the husband.]

SECTION 44-41-30. Persons from whom consent is required.

(A) Consent is required before the performance of an abortion from the pregnant woman in every case and in the case of a minor, it must be obtained pursuant to the provisions of Section 44-41-31.

(B) In the case of a woman who is under adjudication of mental incompetency by a court of competent jurisdiction, consent must be obtained from her spouse or a legal guardian if she is married; if she is not married, from one parent or a legal guardian.

(C) Notwithstanding the consent required in subsections (A) and (B) consent must be waived if:

(1) a physician determines that a medical emergency exists involving the life of or grave physical injury to the pregnant woman; or

(2) the pregnancy is the result of incest.

(D) In cases of incest the physician performing the abortion shall report the alleged incest to the local county department of social services or to a law enforcement agency in the county where the child resides or is found. Failure to report is a violation punishable under the child abuse laws of this State.

(E) Nothing in this section permits a physician to perform an abortion without first obtaining the consent of the pregnant woman if she is capable of giving consent.

SECTION 44-41-31. Abortion upon minors; consent requirements; support obligations of parent or legal guardian who refuses to give consent for minor's abortion; penalty for false representation.

(A) No person may perform an abortion upon a minor unless consent is obtained in accordance with one of the following provisions:

(1) the attending physician or his agent or the referring physician or his agent has secured the informed written consent, signed and witnessed, of the pregnant minor and:

(a) one parent of the minor; or

(b) a legal guardian of the minor; or

(c) a grandparent of the minor; or

(d) any person who has been standing in loco parentis to the minor for a period not less than sixty days;

(2) the minor is emancipated and the attending physician or his agent has received the informed signed written consent of the minor; or

(3) the attending physician or his agent has obtained the informed signed written consent of the minor and has received the order of the court obtained by the minor pursuant to this chapter.

(B) If a parent or legal guardian refuses to give the informed written consent for the minor's abortion and there has been a judicial finding of refusal of consent, and the minor has a child or children as a result of that pregnancy, the duty imposed by law of supporting the child or children extends to the minor and jointly and severally to the refusing parent or legal guardian and the natural father until the minor reaches the age of eighteen years or is emancipated.

(C) Any person standing in loco parentis and who consents to the abortion of the minor as permitted in subsection (A)(1) of this section shall sign an affidavit indicating the nature and length of his or her relationship with the minor. The affidavit must state the penalties for wilfully or knowingly making a false representation. Anyone who knowingly or wilfully makes a false representation in the affidavit shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than three thousand dollars or imprisoned for not more than one year.

SECTION 44-41-32. Petitioning court for right to obtain abortion without consent of parent or legal guardian.

Every minor has the right to petition the court for an order granting her the right to obtain an abortion without the consent required in Section 44-41-31(1). In seeking this relief the following procedures apply:

(1) The minor may prepare and file a petition in either the circuit or family court. The petition may be filed in the name of Jane Doe to protect the anonymity of the minor.

(2) The Adoption and Birth Parent Services Division of the Department of Social Services, upon request of the minor, must provide assistance to the minor in preparing and filing the petition. Preparation and filing of the petition must be completed within forty-eight hours after the request. The Department of Social Services shall promulgate regulations establishing the procedures to be followed in providing this assistance.

(3) Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor, taking into consideration the preference of the minor. The minor may participate in court proceedings on her own behalf, but the court shall advise her that she has a right to court-appointed counsel and shall provide her with counsel upon her request.

(4) All proceedings pursuant to this section must be given precedence over other matters pending before the court.

(5) The court shall hold a hearing and rule on the merits of the petition within seventy-two hours of the filing of the petition. This time may be extended upon the request of the minor. The court shall consider the emotional development, maturity, intellect, and understanding of the minor; the nature and possible consequences of the abortion and of the alternatives to the abortion; and other evidence that the court may find useful in determining whether the minor should be granted the right on her own behalf to consent to the abortion or whether the abortion is in the best interest of the minor.

SECTION 44-41-33. Court order granting or denying minor right to obtain abortion.

(A) The court shall enter a written order stating findings of fact and conclusions of law in support of its decision to:

(1) grant the minor the right on her own behalf to consent to the abortion if the court finds that the minor is mature and well-informed enough to make the abortion decision on her own;

(2) grant consent for the abortion if the court finds that the performance of the abortion would be in the minor's best interest; or

(3) deny the petition if the court finds that the minor is immature and that performance of the abortion would not be in the minor's best interest. If the father of the child born after the denial of the petition is identified by adjudication, he shall share in the expenses of the delivery and rearing of the child as determined by the court. Orders issued under this item shall specify that the minor shall have the right to counseling services, appropriate prenatal care, delivery, neonatal, and post-natal care, the cost of which may be paid by the State. Additionally, the State shall have subrogation rights against the father for payments made by the State on behalf of the child.

(B) The court shall immediately issue a written order to the minor, her guardian ad litem, attorney, or other person designated by the minor to receive notice on her behalf.

SECTION 44-41-34. Appeals; hearings closed to public; records to be sealed; Supreme Court to adopt rules.

(A) A minor has the right to appeal to the Supreme Court a decision rendered pursuant to Section 44-41-33. She is entitled to an anonymous and expeditious appellate review which takes precedence over other matters pending before the court.

(B) A minor who declares she has insufficient funds to pursue the procedures provided in this section or in Section 44-41-32 must not be required to pay the costs associated with these procedures.

(C) The notice of intent to appeal must be filed with the court issuing the order described in Section 44-41-33 within seventy-two hours from the date the order is received. The record on appeal must be completed and the appeal must be perfected within ten days from the filing of the notice of intent to appeal. These filing requirements are not considered jurisdictional and may be extended by the Supreme Court upon request of the minor for good cause shown.

(D) All hearings conducted under Sections 44-41-32 and 44-41-34 must be closed to the public. All records related to these sections and Section 44-41-33 are not open to public examination and must be sealed by the court.

(E) The Supreme Court shall adopt rules governing the administration of the courts or practice and procedure before such courts necessary to carry out the provisions of Sections 44-41-32, 44-41-33, and 44-41-34.

SECTION 44-41-35. Failure to obtain required consent.

Failure to obtain required consent constitutes prima facie evidence of interference with family relations in appropriate civil actions. The law of this State does not preclude the award of exemplary damages in an appropriate civil action relevant to violations concerning a minor. Nothing in this chapter may be construed to limit the common law rights of parents.

SECTION 44-41-36. Penalty for failing to conform with requirements of Sections 44-41-10 through 44-41-36 when performing abortion on minor; justified reliance on representations of minors or other persons.

(A) A person who intentionally performs an abortion with knowledge that, or with reckless disregard as to whether, the person upon whom the abortion is to be performed is an unemancipated minor, and who intentionally or knowingly fails to conform to any requirement in Sections 44-41-10 through 44-41-36 is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not less than two thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars or imprisoned for not more than three years, or both. No part of the minimum fine may be suspended. For conviction of a third or subsequent offense, the sentence must be imprisonment for not less than sixty days nor more than three years, none of which may be suspended.

(B) A physician or any person employed or connected with a physician, hospital, or health care facility performing abortions who acts in good faith is justified in relying on the representations of the unemancipated minor or of any other person providing the information required under this chapter. A physician or other person who furnishes professional services related to an act authorized or required by this chapter and who relies upon the information furnished pursuant to this chapter may not be held to have violated any criminal law or to be civilly liable for the reliance, provided that the physician or other person acted in good faith.

SECTION 44-41-37. Disclosure of consent requirements when counseling or discussing abortion with minor; brochure for use in counseling pregnant minors.

A physician or other professional person or agency counseling or discussing with a minor the question of her obtaining an abortion shall fully inform her of the procedures she must follow under law to obtain an abortion without the consent required in Section 44-41-31(1).

The Adoption and Birth Parent Services Division of the Department of Social Services shall develop and distribute brochures to health and education professionals for use in counseling pregnant minors. This brochure shall include the following:

(1) how to access her local health department for prenatal care;

(2) how to access her local Adoption and Birth Parent Services Division of the Department of Social Services or any private not for profit adoption service;

(3) the parental consent requirement as outlined in this bill;

(4) the judicial by-pass procedure as referred in Sections 44-41-32, 44-41-33, and 44-41-34; and

(5) how to access her local mental health center for counseling services.

SECTION 44-41-40. Certain hospitals or clinics may refuse to perform abortions.

No private or nongovernmental hospital or clinic shall be required to admit any patient for the purpose of terminating a pregnancy, nor shall such institutions be required to permit their facilities to be utilized for the performance of abortions. No cause of action shall arise against any such hospital or clinic for refusal to perform or to allow the performance of an abortion if the institution has adopted a policy not to admit patients for the purpose of terminating pregnancies; provided, that no hospital or clinic shall refuse an emergency admittance.

SECTION 44-41-50. Medical employees shall not be required to aid in abortions; providing necessary aftercare following abortion.

(a) No physician, nurse, technician or other employee of a hospital, clinic or physician shall be required to recommend, perform or assist in the performance of an abortion if he advises the hospital, clinic or employing physician in writing that he objects to performing, assisting or otherwise participating in such procedures. Such notice will suffice without specification of the reason therefor.

(b) No physician, nurse, technician or other person who refuses to perform or assist in the performance of an abortion shall be liable to any person for damages allegedly arising from such refusal.

(c) No physician, nurse, technician or other person who refuses to perform or assist in the performance of an abortion shall because of that refusal be dismissed, suspended, demoted, or otherwise disciplined or discriminated against by the hospital or clinic with which he is affiliated or by which he is employed. A civil action for damages or reinstatement of employment, or both, may be prosecuted by any person whose employment or affiliation with a hospital or clinic has been altered or terminated in violation of this chapter.

(d) Any physician who performs an abortion shall also provide, for proper compensation, necessary aftercare for his patosed to the state registrar. The form must indicate from whom consent was obtained or circumstances waiving consent.

SECTION 44-41-70. Promulgation of rules and regulations for certification of hospitals and other facilities.

(a) The department shall promulgate and enforce regulations for the certification of hospitals as defined in Section 44-41-10(d) as suitable facilities for the performance of abortions.

(b) The department shall promulgate and enforce regulations for the licensing and certification of facilities other than hospitals as defined in Section 44-41-10(d) wherein abortions are to be performed as provided for in Section 44-41-20(a) and (b).

SECTION 44-41-75. Licensing of certain abortion facilities; regulations.

(A) A facility in which any second trimester or five or more first trimester abortions are performed in a month must be licensed by the department to operate as an abortion clinic and must comply with the provisions of Article 3.

(B) The department shall promulgate regulations concerning sanitation, housekeeping, maintenance, staff qualifications, emergency equipment and procedures to provide emergency care, medical records and reports, laboratory, procedure and recovery rooms, physical plant, quality assurance, infection control, and information on and access to patient follow-up care necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

SECTION 44-41-80. Performing or soliciting unlawful abortion; testimony of woman may be compelled.

(a) Any person, except as permitted by this chapter, who provides, supplies, prescribes or administers any drug, medicine, prescription or substance to any woman or uses or employs any device, instrument or other means upon any woman, with the intent to produce an abortion shall be deemed guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than two nor more than five years or fined not more than five thousand dollars, or both. Provided, that the provisions of this item shall not apply to any woman upon whom an abortion has been attempted or performed.

(b) Except as otherwise permitted by this chapter, any woman who solicits of any person or otherwise procures any drug, medicine, prescription or substance and administers it to herself or who submits to any operation or procedure or who uses or employs any device or instrument or other means with intent to produce an abortion, unless it is necessary to preserve her life, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or fined not more than one thousand dollars, or both.

(c) Any woman upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted in violation of the provisions of this chapter may be compelled to testify in any criminal prosecution initiated pursuant to subsection (a) of this section; provided, however, that such testimony shall not be admissible in any civil or criminal action against such woman and she shall be forever immune from any prosecution for having solicited or otherwise procured the performance of the abortion or the attempted performance of the abortion upon her.

SECTION 44-41-85. Performance of partial-birth abortion by physician; felony; cause of action against physician.  [These provisions are unconstitutional and unenforceable.]

(A) A physician who knowingly performs a partial-birth abortion and thereby kills a human fetus is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, must be fined not less than five thousand dollars or imprisoned for not less than five years, or both. This section shall not apply to a partial-birth abortion that is necessary to save the life of a mother whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, a physical illness, or a physical injury if no other medical procedure would suffice for that purpose.

(B) As used in this section:

(1) the term "partial-birth abortion" means an abortion in which the person performing the abortion partially vaginally delivers a living fetus before killing the fetus and completing the delivery.

(2) the term "physician" means a physician, surgeon, or osteopath authorized to practice medicine in this State and licensed pursuant to Chapter 47 of Title 40. However, an individual who is not a physician, but who directly and knowingly performs a partial-birth abortion is also subject to the provisions of this section.

(C)(1) The father, if married to the mother at the time she receives a partial-birth abortion, and if the mother has not attained the age of eighteen years at the time of the abortion, the maternal grandparents of the fetus have a cause of action against the physician or other person unlawfully performing a partial-birth abortion and may obtain appropriate relief, unless the pregnancy resulted from the plaintiff's criminal conduct or the plaintiff consented to the abortion.

(2) Such relief includes, but is not limited to:

(a) actual damages which shall be trebled;

(b) punitive damages for all injuries, psychological and physical, occasioned by the violation of this section; and

(c) reasonable costs and attorney's fees.

(D) A woman upon whom a partial-birth abortion is performed may not be prosecuted for a violation of this section, for a conspiracy to violate this section, or for any other offense which is based on a violation of this section.

[ARTICLE 3.

WOMAN'S RIGHT TO KNOW]

SECTION 44-41-310. Short title.

This article may be cited as the "Woman's Right to Know Act".

SECTION 44-41-320. Definitions.

As used in this article:

(1) "Medical emergency" means that condition which, on the basis of the physician's good faith judgment, so complicates a pregnancy as to necessitate an immediate abortion to avert the risk of her death or for which a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of major bodily function.

(2) "Probable gestational age of the embryo or fetus" means what, in the judgment of the attending physician based upon the attending physician's examination and the woman's medical history, is with reasonable probability the gestational age of the embryo or fetus at the time the abortion is planned to be performed.

SECTION 44-41-330. Prerequisites for performance of abortion; information to be provided; certification; waiting period; special provisions for minors or mentally incompetent persons; retention of records; unavailability of materials.

(A) Except in the case of a medical emergency and in addition to any other consent required by the laws of this State, no abortion may be performed or induced unless the following conditions have been satisfied:

(1) The woman must be informed by the physician who is to perform the abortion or by an allied health professional working in conjunction with the physician of the procedure to be involved and by the physician who is to perform the abortion of the probable gestational age of the embryo or fetus at the time the abortion is to be performed.

(2) The woman must be presented by the physician who is to perform the abortion or by an allied health professional working in conjunction with the physician a written form containing the following statement: "You have the right to review printed materials prepared by the State of South Carolina which describe fetal development, list agencies which offer alternatives to abortion, and describe medical assistance benefits which may be available for prenatal care, childbirth, and neonatal care". This form must be signed and dated by both the physician who is to perform the procedure and the pregnant woman upon whom the procedure is to be performed.

(3) The woman must certify in writing, before the abortion, that the information described in item (1) of this subsection has been furnished her, and that she has been informed of her opportunity to review the information referred to in item (2) of this subsection.

(4) Before performing the abortion, the physician who is to perform or induce the abortion must determine that the written certification prescribed by item (3) of this subsection or the certification required by subsection (D) has been signed. This subsection does not apply in the case where an abortion is performed pursuant to a court order.

(B) Nothing herein limits the information provided by the physician who is to perform the abortion or allied health professional to the person upon whom the abortion procedure is to be performed.

(C) No abortion may be performed sooner than one hour after the woman receives the written materials and certifies this fact to the physician or the physician's agent.

(D) If the clinic or other facility where the abortion is to be performed or induced mails the printed materials described in Section 44-41-340 to the woman upon whom the abortion is to be performed or induced or if the woman obtains the information at the county health department and if the woman verifies in writing, before the abortion, that the printed materials were received by her more than one hour before the abortion is scheduled to be performed or induced, that the information described in item (A)(1) has been provided to her, and that she has been informed of her opportunity to review the information referred to in item (A)(2), then the waiting period required pursuant to subsection (C) does not apply.

(E) In the event the person upon whom the abortion is to be performed or induced is an unemancipated minor, as defined in Section 44-41-10, the information described in Section 44-41-330(A)(1) and (2) must be furnished and offered respectively to a parent of the minor, a legal guardian of the minor, a grandparent of the minor, or any person who has been standing in loco parentis to the minor for a period of not less than sixty days. The parent, legal guardian, grandparent, or person who has been standing in loco parentis, as appropriate, must make the certification required by Section 44-41-330(A)(3). In the event the person upon whom the abortion is to be performed is under adjudication of mental incompetency by a court of competent jurisdiction, the information must be furnished and offered respectively to her spouse or a legal guardian if she is married; if she is not married, from one parent or a legal guardian. The spouse, legal guardian, or parent, as appropriate, must make the certification required by Section 44-41-330(A)(3). This subsection does not apply in the case of an abortion performed pursuant to a court order.

(F) A clinic or other facility must maintain, for three years after the abortion is performed or induced, the woman's written verification that the information was so provided and the printed materials were so offered. In the case of an unemancipated minor or mentally incompetent person, the clinic or other facility is required to maintain a copy of the court order or the medical records and written consent for three years after the procedure is performed.

(G) This section does not apply if a clinic or other facility where abortions are performed or induced does not have, through no fault of the clinic or facility and if the clinic or facility can demonstrate through written evidence the unavailability of the materials described in Section 44-41-340.

SECTION 44-41-340. Publication of materials regarding available assistance, etc.

(A) The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control shall cause to be published the following printed materials:

(1) geographically indexed materials designed to inform the woman of public and private agencies and services available to assist a woman through pregnancy, upon childbirth, and while the child is dependent, including adoption agencies, which include a comprehensive list of the agencies available, a description of the services they offer, and a description of the manner, including telephone numbers, in which they may be contacted;

(2) materials designed to inform the woman of the probable anatomical and physiological characteristics of the embryo or fetus at two-week gestational increments from the time when a woman can be known to be pregnant to full term. Any photograph, drawing or other depiction must state in bold letters, which are easily legible, stating the magnification of the photograph, drawing or depiction if it is not the actual size of the embryo or fetus at the age indicated. The materials must be objective, nonjudgmental, and designed to convey only accurate scientific information about the embryo or fetus at the various gestational ages;

(3) materials designed to inform the woman of the principal types of abortion procedures and the major risks associated with each procedure, as well as the major risks associated with carrying a fetus to full-term;

(4) materials designed to inform the woman that medical assistance benefits may be available for prenatal care, childbirth, and neonatal care by providing the names, addresses, and phone numbers of appropriate agencies that provide or have information available on these benefits;

(5) materials designed to inform the woman of the mechanisms available for obtaining child support payments.

(B) The materials must be easily comprehendible and must be printed in a typeface large enough to be clearly legible.

(C) The materials required under this section must be available from the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control upon request and in appropriate number to any person, facility, or hospital.

SECTION 44-41-350. Penalties for noncompliance with this article.

A physician who performs an abortion when the physician knows or should know that the provisions of this article have not been complied with before the abortion is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction:

(1) for a first or second offense, must be fined not more than one thousand dollars. No term of imprisonment may be imposed for a first or second offense.

(2) for a third or subsequent offense, must be imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than five thousand dollars, or both.

SECTION 44-41-360. Preservation of anonymity of woman having abortion.

In every proceeding or action brought under this article, the court shall rule whether the anonymity of any woman upon whom an abortion is performed or attempted shall be preserved from public disclosure if she does not give her consent to such a disclosure. The court, upon motion of any person or upon its own motion, shall make such a ruling and, upon determining that her anonymity be preserved, shall issue orders to the parties, witnesses, and counsel, and shall direct the sealing of the record and exclusion of individuals from courtrooms or hearing rooms to the extent necessary to safeguard her identity from public disclosure. Each order under this section must be accompanied by specific written findings explaining why the anonymity of the woman should be preserved from public disclosure, why the order is essential to that end, how the order is narrowly tailored to serve that interest, and why no reasonable, less restrictive alternative exists. This section may not be construed to conceal the identity of the plaintiff or of the prosecutrix or of witnesses from the defendant or to abridge or deny the defendant's ability to conduct discovery under applicable rules of court or the defendant's right to a trial by jury or to cross examination.

SECTION 44-41-370. Applicability of article.

This article applies only to facilities in which any second trimester or five or more first trimester abortions are performed in a month.

SECTION 44-41-380. Severability of provisions of article.

If any provision, word, phrase, or clause of Article 3, Chapter 41, Title 44 of the 1976 Code as added by this act [1995 Act No. 1], or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions, words, phrases, clauses, or applications of Article 3, Chapter 41, Title 44 which can be given effect without the invalid provision, word, phrase, clause, or application, and, to this end, the provisions, words, phrases, and clauses of Article 3, Chapter 41, Title 44 are declared to be severable.

* * *

 

[TITLE 44. HEALTH

CHAPTER 44. BIRTH DEFECTS]


SECTION 44-44-10. Title of act.

This act may be cited as the "South Carolina Birth Defects Act".

SECTION 44-44-20. Definitions.

For purposes of this chapter:

(1) "Birth defect" is defined as structural malformation, deformation, or disruption, present at birth, as determined before or after birth.

(2) "Department" means the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

SECTION 44-44-30. South Carolina Birth Defects Program established; public health monitoring and referral.

(A) There is established the South Carolina Birth Defects Program within the Department of Health and Environmental Control to promote increased understanding of birth defects, prevent and reduce birth defects, and assist families with children who have birth defects.

(B) As part of this program, the department shall conduct public health monitoring, make appropriate referrals and provide other interventions related to birth defects. Information obtained pursuant to this subsection must be used for:

(1) public health and epidemiology purposes in which incidence, distribution, causes, risk factors, and trends may be studied. This data may be published and made accessible for education and research purposes. This information must be released in aggregate form only without identifying information;

(2) referral for service and treatment purposes so that referrals of the individual child and family may be facilitated for optimal care. The department or its employees must not provide referral services or counseling for the purpose of pregnancy termination by induced abortion, nor use any funds under this program for services or counseling for the purpose of pregnancy termination by induced abortion. Referral information is confidential and must be maintained in accordance with Section 44-44-140.

 

* * *

 

[TITLE 44. HEALTH

CHAPTER 122. COUNTY GRANTS FUND FOR ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY PREVENTION INITIATIVES]


SECTION 44-122-10. Definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(1) "Adolescent" means an individual nineteen years of age and under.

(2) "Contractor" means a public or private agency or organization receiving money from the fund.

(3) "County government" means the governing body of a county or the organization or agency in a county that has been designated pursuant to Section 44-122-30(C) to assume the duties and responsibilities assigned to county governments.

(4) "Department" means the South Carolina Department of Social Services. In reference to a specific decision to be made or report to be submitted, "department" means the State Director of the South Carolina Department of Social Services (DSS).

(5) "Initiative" means a local program or project funded by a county or consortium of counties pursuant to this chapter. If a consortium is formed, a lead county must be designated to serve as fiscal agent to DSS.

(6) "Short term outcomes" means the intermediate results that a particular adolescent pregnancy prevention intervention is likely to produce including, but not limited to, increased knowledge, behavior change, or delays or reductions in sexual activity.

(7) "Long term outcome" means the measurable reduction in the rate of adolescent pregnancy for a specific target population or defined geographic area.

(8) "Primary pregnancy prevention" means prevention of first pregnancy.

(9) "Fund" means the County Grants Fund for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Initiatives created by this chapter.

(10) "Local interagency council" means an organized group of representatives of public and private agencies in the county with functions related to youth development.

SECTION 44-122-20. County Grants Fund for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Initiatives; purpose; components funded by federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) dollars.

(A) There is established the County Grants Fund for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Initiatives. The fund must be administered by the department and county governments as provided in this chapter. The purpose of the fund is to support local efforts to prevent early sexual activity and to measurably reduce the rate of adolescent pregnancy in each county and in the State and to ensure that these efforts reflect local community values.

(B) Any program components funded by federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) dollars are subject to TANF reporting requirements and federal fiscal accountability requirements. The department shall amend the South Carolina Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant State Plan as required by federal law to govern expenditures of federal TANF dollars.

 

SECTION 44-122-30. Distribution of money appropriated to fund; evaluation of effectiveness; prohibited uses; delegation of county government responsibilities; conditions.

(A) Ten percent of the money appropriated annually to the fund by the General Assembly is to be used by the department to evaluate the effectiveness of each initiative and the fund as specified in Section 44-122-60. The remaining money must be distributed by the department to each county government in the following manner:

(1) fifteen percent of the money appropriated must be allocated evenly among all counties;

(2) fifteen percent of the money appropriated must be allocated to counties based on the size of their adolescent population;

(3) twenty percent of the money appropriated must be allocated to counties based on their rate of adolescent pregnancy;

(4) forty percent of the funds appropriated must be allocated to counties based on their number of adolescent pregnancies.

A county government may retain up to five percent of the money it receives to cover the actual costs of administering the fund. All other funds must be allocated for initiatives mainly focused on primary pregnancy prevention.

(B) Money appropriated to the fund must not be used for:

(1) purchase of inpatient care;

(2) purchase or improvement of land;

(3) purchase, construction, or permanent improvement of any building or other facility;

(4) purchase of any item of major equipment costing over two thousand dollars;

(5) transportation to or from abortion services;

(6) abortions; or

(7) provision of goods or services to a participant in a local project or initiative that exceeds fifty dollars per participant per year; counseling and guidance as well as any service of nonmonetary value are exempt from the fifty dollar limit.

 

* * *

 

[TITLE 59. EDUCATION

CHAPTER 32. COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAM]


SECTION 59-32-5. Short title.

This may be cited as the "Comprehensive Health Education Act".

SECTION 59-32-10. Definitions.

As used in this chapter:

(1) "Comprehensive health education" means health education in a school setting that is planned and carried out with the purpose of maintaining, reinforcing, or enhancing the health, health-related skills, and health attitudes and practices of children and youth that are conducive to their good health and that promote wellness, health maintenance, and disease prevention. It includes age-appropriate, sequential instruction in health either as part of existing courses or as a special course.

(2) "Reproductive health education" means instruction in human physiology, conception, prenatal care and development, childbirth, and postnatal care, but does not include instruction concerning sexual practices outside marriage or practices unrelated to reproduction except within the context of the risk of disease. Abstinence and the risks associated with sexual activity outside of marriage must be strongly emphasized.

(3) "Family life education" means instruction intended to:

(a) develop an understanding of the physical, mental, emotional, social, economic, and psychological aspects of close personal relationships and an understanding of the physiological, psychological, and cultural foundations of human development;

(b) provide instruction that will support the development of responsible personal values and behavior and aid in establishing a strong family life for themselves in the future and emphasize the responsibilities of marriage.

(c) provide instruction as to the laws of this State relating to the sexual conduct of minors, including criminal sexual conduct.

(4) "Pregnancy prevention education" means instruction intended to:

(a) stress the importance of abstaining from sexual activity until marriage;

(b) help students develop skills to enable them to resist peer pressure and abstain from sexual activity;

(c) explain methods of contraception and the risks and benefits of each method. Abortion must not be included as a method of birth control. Instruction explaining the methods of contraception must not be included in any education program for grades kindergarten through fifth. Contraceptive information must be given in the context of future family planning.

(5) "Local school board" means the governing board of public school districts as well as those of other state-supported institutions which provide educational services to students at the elementary and secondary school level. For purposes of this chapter, programs or services provided by the Department of Health and Environmental Control in educational settings must be approved by the local school board.

(6) "Board" means the State Board of Education.

(7) "Department" means the State Department of Education.

SECTION 59-32-20. Board to provide comprehensive health education instructional unit to local school districts.

Before August 1, 1988, the board, through the department, shall select or develop an instructional unit with separate components addressing the subjects of reproductive health education, family life education, pregnancy prevention education, and sexually transmitted diseases and make the instructional unit available to local school districts. The board, through the department, also shall make available information about other programs developed by other states upon request of a local school district.

SECTION 59-32-30. Local school boards to implement comprehensive health education program; guidelines and restrictions.

(A) Pursuant to guidelines developed by the board, each local school board shall implement the following program of instruction:

(1) Beginning with the 1988-89 school year, for grades kindergarten through five, instruction in comprehensive health education must include the following subjects: community health, consumer health, environmental health, growth and development, nutritional health, personal health, prevention and control of diseases and disorders, safety and accident prevention, substance use and abuse, dental health, and mental and emotional health. Sexually transmitted diseases as defined in the annual Department of Health and Environmental Control List of Reportable Diseases are to be excluded from instruction on the prevention and control of diseases and disorders. At the discretion of the local board, age-appropriate instruction in reproductive health may be included.

(2) Beginning with the 1988-89 school year, for grades six through eight, instruction in comprehensive health must include the following subjects: community health, consumer health, environmental health, growth and development, nutritional health, personal health, prevention and control of diseases and disorders, safety and accident prevention, substance use and abuse, dental health, mental and emotional health, and reproductive health education. Sexually transmitted diseases are to be included as a part of instruction. At the discretion of the local board, instruction in family life education or pregnancy prevention education or both may be included, but instruction in these subjects may not include an explanation of the methods of contraception before the sixth grade.

(3) Beginning with the 1989-90 school year, at least one time during the four years of grades nine through twelve, each student shall receive instruction in comprehensive health education, including at least seven hundred fifty minutes of reproductive health education and pregnancy prevention education.

(4) The South Carolina Educational Television Commission shall work with the department in developing instructional programs and materials that may be available to the school districts. Films and other materials may be designed for the purpose of explaining bodily functions or the human reproductive process. These materials may not contain actual or simulated portrayals of sexual activities or sexual intercourse.

(5) The program of instruction provided for in this section may not include a discussion of alternate sexual lifestyles from heterosexual relationships including, but not limited to, homosexual relationships except in the context of instruction concerning sexually transmitted diseases.

(6) In grades nine through twelve, students must also be given appropriate instruction that adoption is a positive alternative.

(B) Local school boards may use the instructional unit made available by the board pursuant to Section 59-32-20, or local boards may develop or select their own instructional materials addressing the subjects of reproductive health education, family life education, and pregnancy prevention education. To assist in the selection of components and curriculum materials, each local school board shall appoint a thirteen-member local advisory committee consisting of two parents, three clergy, two health professionals, two teachers, two students, one being the president of the student body of a high school, and two other persons not employed by the local school district.

(C) The time required for health instruction for students in kindergarten through eighth grade must not be reduced below the level required during the 1986-87 school year. Health instruction for students in grades nine through twelve may be given either as part of an existing course or as a special course.

(D) No contraceptive device or contraceptive medication may be distributed in or on the school grounds of any public elementary or secondary school. No school district may contract with any contraceptive provider for their distribution in or on the school grounds. Except as to that instruction provided by this chapter relating to complications which may develop from all types of abortions, school districts may not offer programs, instruction, or activities including abortion counseling, information about abortion services, or assist in obtaining abortion, and materials containing this information must not be distributed in schools. Nothing in this section prevents school authorities from referring students to a physician for medical reasons after making reasonable efforts to notify the student's parents or legal guardians or the appropriate court, if applicable.

(E) Any course or instruction in sexually transmitted diseases must be taught within the reproductive health, family life, or pregnancy prevention education components, or it must be presented as a separate component.

(F) Instruction in pregnancy prevention education must be presented separately to male and female students.

SECTION 59-32-40. Staff development.

As part of their program for staff development, the department and local school boards shall provide appropriate staff development activities for educational personnel participating in the comprehensive health education program. Local school boards are encouraged to coordinate the activities with the department and institutions of higher learning.

SECTION 59-32-50. Notice to parents; right to have child exempted from comprehensive health education program classes.

Pursuant to policies and guidelines adopted by the local school board, public school principals shall develop a method of notifying parents of students in the relevant grades of the content of the instructional materials concerning reproductive health, family life, pregnancy prevention, and of their option to exempt their child from this instruction, and sexually transmitted diseases if instruction in the diseases is presented as a separate component. Notice must be provided sufficiently in advance of a student's enrollment in courses using these instructional materials to allow parents and legal guardians the opportunity to preview the materials and exempt their children.

A public school principal, upon receipt of a statement signed by a student's parent or legal guardian stating that participation by the student in the health education program conflicts with the family's beliefs, shall exempt that student from any portion or all of the units on reproductive health, family life, and pregnancy prevention where any conflicts occur. No student must be penalized as a result of an exemption. School districts shall use procedures to ensure that students exempted from the program by their parents or guardians are not embarrassed by the exemption.

SECTION 59-32-60. Department to ensure compliance; annual district report.

The department shall assure district compliance with this chapter. Each local school board shall consider the programs addressed in this chapter in developing its annual district report.

SECTION 59-32-70. Applicability to private schools.

The provisions of this chapter do not apply to private schools.

SECTION 59-32-80. Penalty for teacher's violation of or refusal to comply with chapter.

Any teacher violating the provisions of this chapter or who refuses to comply with the curriculum prescribed by the school board as provided by this chapter is subject to dismissal.

SECTION 59-32-90. Restrictions on use of films, pictures or diagrams.

Films, pictures, or diagrams in any comprehensive health education program in public schools must be designed solely for the purpose of explaining bodily functions or the human reproduction process and may not include actual or simulated portrayals of sexual activities or sexual intercourse.

 

* * *

 

-------------------------------------------

 

South Carolina Code of Regulations.

 

* * *

 

CHAPTER 61.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL

 

SECTION 12.

Standards for Licensing Abortion Clinics


61-12. Standards for Licensing Abortion Clinics.

PART I DEFINITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSURE

 

SECTION 101

Definitions.


For the purposes of these regulations, the following definitions apply:

A. Abortion. The use of an instrument, medicine, drug, or other substance or device with intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman, known to be pregnant, for reasons other than to increase the probability of a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth, or to remove a dead fetus.

B. Abortion Clinic. Any facility, other than a hospital as defined in Section 101.J, in which any second trimester or five or more first trimester abortions per month are performed.

C. Allied Health Professional. A person other than a physician who possesses specialized training and skill acquired by completing certain courses of study or intensive job-related training and, where applicable, has been duly licensed or registered by appropriate licensing or certification agencies. All allied health professionals must be supervised by a physician.

D. Conception. The fecundation of the ovum by the spermatozoa.

E. Consent. A signed and witnessed voluntary agreement to the performance of an abortion.

F. Department. The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

G. Emancipated Minor. A minor who is or has been married or has by court order been freed from the care, custody, and control of her parents.

H. Fetal Death. Death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of human conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy; the death is indicated by the fact that after such expulsion or extraction, the fetus does not breathe or show any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles.

I. Fire Safety Authority. The State Fire Marshal, or his designee, who performs facility fire and safety inspections.

J. Hospital. An institution licensed for hospital operation by the Department in accordance with the provisions of Article 3, Chapter 7, Title 44, of the S.C. Code of Laws, 1976, as amended, and that has also been certified by the Department to be a suitable facility for the performance of abortion.

K. In Loco Parentis. Any person over the age of 18 who has placed him/herself in the position of a lawful parent by assuming obligations that are incidental to the parental relationship and has so served for a period of 60 days.

L. Licensee. The person, partnership, corporation, association, organization, or professional entity on whom rests the ultimate responsibility and authority for the conduct of the abortion clinic.

M. Medical Emergency. That condition which, on the basis of the physician's good faith judgment, so complicates a pregnancy as to necessitate an immediate abortion to avert the risk of her death or for which a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of major bodily functions.

N. Minor. A female under the age of 17.

O. Physician. A person licensed to practice medicine in this State.

P. Pregnancy. The condition of a woman carrying a fetus or embryo within her body.

Q. Probable Gestational Age of the Embryo or Fetus.

What, in the judgment of the attending physician, based upon the attending physician's examination and the woman's medical history, is with reasonable probability, the gestational age of the embryo or fetus at the time the abortion is planned to be performed. This estimate must be guided by recommendations found in The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Standards for Obstetric-Gynecologic Services, i.e., calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period.

R. Products of Conception. Fetal and embryonic tissues resulting from implantation in the uterus.

S. Trimester. A 12-week period of pregnancy.

1. First. The first 12 weeks of pregnancy commencing with conception rather than computed on the basis of the menstrual cycle.

2. Second. That portion of a pregnancy following the 12th week and extending through the 24th week of gestation.

3. Third. That portion of pregnancy beginning with the 25th week of gestation.

4. All other references in this regulation to gestational age will refer to that calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period as used in The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Standards for Obstetric-Gynecologic Services. The following is furnished to provide clarification of gestational age:

Calculation Weeks of Gestational Age



Conception 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24



LMP 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26



T. Viability. That stage of human development when the fetus is potentially able to live outside of the mother's womb with or without the aid of artificial life support systems. (Section 44-41-10(l) of the S.C. Code of Laws further states that "for the purposes of this chapter, a legal presumption is hereby created that viability occurs no sooner than the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy." The "twenty-fourth week," as stated in the S.C Code, is based on computation from date of conception, i.e., the twenty-sixth week from the first day of the last menstrual period.)

SECTION 102

License Requirements.


A. License. It shall be unlawful to operate an abortion clinic within South Carolina without possessing a valid license issued annually by the Department. (I)

B. Issuance of License. A license is issued pursuant to the provisions of Section 44-41-10 et seq., of the S.C. Code of Laws of 1976, as amended, and these standards, and shall be posted in a conspicuous place in a public area within the facility. The issuance of a license does not guarantee adequacy of individual care, treatment, personal safety, fire safety or the well-being of any occupant of a facility. A license is not assignable or transferable and is subject to revocation by the Department for failure to comply with the laws and regulations of the State of South Carolina.

C. Effective Date and Term of License. A license shall be effective for a 12-month period following the date of issue and shall expire one year following such date; however, a facility that has not been inspected during that year may continue to operate under its existing license until an inspection has occurred.

D. Separate Licenses. Separate licenses are required for facilities not maintained on the same premises.

E. Licensing Fees. The initial and annual license fee shall be $500.00 for each licensed facility. Such fee shall be made payable to the Department. Fees are non-refundable.

F. Inspections. Each facility shall be inspected prior to initial licensure and at least annually thereafter by authorized representatives of the Department.

1. All licensed facilities are subject to inspection at any time.

2. Department inspectors shall have access to all properties and areas, objects, records and reports, and shall have the authority to make photocopies of those documents required in the course of inspections or investigations. (II)

G. Initial License. A new facility, or one that has not been continuously licensed under these or prior standards, shall not provide care to patients until it has been issued an initial license. When it is determined that the facility is in compliance with the requirements of these standards, and a properly completed application and licensing fee have been received by the Department, a license shall be issued. Chapter 9 of this regulation sets forth the prerequisites for initial licensure. (I)

H. License Renewal. Applicants for an annual license renewal shall file an application with the Department, pay a license fee, and undergo a licensing inspection.

I. Noncompliance. When noncompliance(s) with the licensing standards exists, the applicant or licensee shall be notified by the Department of the violation(s) and required to provide information as to how and when each violation will be corrected and how future occurrences may be prevented.

J. Facility Name. No proposed abortion clinic shall be named, nor may any existing abortion clinic have its name changed to, the same or similar name as any other abortion clinic licensed in the State. If it is part of a "chain operation" it shall then have the geographic area in which it is located as part of its name.

K. Change of License. A facility shall request issuance of an amended license by application to the Department prior to any of the following circumstances:

1. Change of ownership by purchase or lease;

2. Change of facility's name or address.

L. Exceptions to Licensing Standards. The Department may make exception(s) to these standards where it is determined that the health and welfare of the community require the services of the facility and that the exception(s), as granted, will have no significant adverse impact on the health, safety, or welfare of the facility's patients.

SECTION 103

Penalties.


When it determines that a facility is in violation of any statutory provision, rule or regulation relating to the operation or maintenance of such facility, the Department, upon proper notice, may deny, suspend, or revoke licenses, or assess a monetary penalty. Under such conditions, the following shall apply:

A. Class I violations are those that the Department determines to present an imminent danger to the health, safety, or welfare of the patients of the facility or a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result therefrom. A physical condition or one or more practices, means, methods or operations in use in a facility may constitute such a violation. The condition or practice constituting a Class I violation shall be abated or eliminated immediately unless a fixed period of time, as stipulated by the Department, is required for correction. Each day such violation shall exist after expiration of said time shall be considered a subsequent violation.

B. Class II violations are those, other than Class I violations, that the Department determines to have a direct or immediate relationship to the health, safety or well-being of the facility's patients. The citation of a Class II violation shall specify the time within which the violation is required to be corrected. Each day such violation shall exist after expiration of said time shall be considered a subsequent violation.

C. Class III violations are those that are not classified as Class I or II in these regulations or those that are against the best practices as interpreted by the Department. The citation of a Class III violation shall specify the time within which the violation is required to be corrected. Each day such violation shall exist after expiration of said time shall be considered a subsequent violation.

D. Class I and II violations are indicated by notation after each applicable section, i.e., (I) or (II). Violations of sections that are not annotated in that manner denote Class III violations.

E. In arriving at a decision to penalize a facility, the Department will consider the following factors: specific conditions and their impact or potential impact on health, safety or well-being; efforts by the facility to correct; overall conditions; history of compliance; any other pertinent conditions that may be applicable to current statutes and regulations.

F. When a decision is made to assess monetary penalties, the following schedule will be used as a guide to determine the dollar amount:

Frequency of

violation of

standard

within

a 24-month

period: MONETARY PENALTY RANGES



FREQUENCY CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III



1st $ 200 - 1000 $ 100 - 500 $ 0

2nd 500 - 2000 200 - 1000 100 - 500

3rd 1000 - 5000 500 - 2000 200 - 1000

4th 5000 1000 - 5000 500 - 2000

5th 5000 5000 1000 - 5000

6th 5000 5000 5000



G. Any facility that is dissatisfied with Department decisions may request a hearing pursuant to the Administrative Procedures Act.

PART II ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT

 

SECTION 201

Licensee. (II)


A. The licensee of each facility has the ultimate responsibility for the overall operation of the facility. Every facility shall be organized, equipped, staffed and administered to provide adequate care for each person admitted.

B. Policies and procedures for operation of the facility shall be formulated and reviewed annually by the licensee of the facility. They shall include but not be limited to:

1. Purpose of the facility, to include scope and quality of services;

2. Ensuring compliance with all relevant federal, state, and local laws that govern operations of the facility;

3. Personnel policies and procedures, to include inservice training requirements;

4. The person to whom responsibility for operation and maintenance of the facility is delegated and methods established by the licensee for holding such individual responsible;

5. Provision for annual review and evaluation of the facility's policies, procedures, management and operation;

6. Provision for a facility-wide quality improvement program to evaluate patient care. The program shall be ongoing, have statistical summaries, and have a written plan of implementation.

7. Patient rights and grievance procedures;

8. Functional safety and maintenance policies and procedures;

9. Incident reporting;

10. Consent must be informed, shall be obtained prior to the procedure, and shall include evidence of an explanation by a physician or allied health professional of the services offered and potential risks. Documentation of the informed consent must be filed in the patient's record.

SECTION 202

Administrator. (II)


An administrator shall be selected by the licensee and shall have the ability and authority to manage and administer the facility. Any change in the position of the administrator shall be reported immediately by the licensee to the Department in writing. An individual shall be appointed in writing to act in the absence of the administrator.

SECTION 203

Administrative Records.


The following administrative documents and references shall be on file in the facility:

A. Current policies and procedures concerning the operation of the facility; (II)

B. Current memorandums of agreement and credentialing documentation.

C. A current copy of these regulations;

D. Annual elevator safety inspections, if applicable;

E. Annual heating, ventilation, and air conditioning inspection report.

SECTION 204

Personnel. (II)


Each facility shall have a staff that is adequately trained and capable of providing appropriate service and supervision to the patients.

A. The licensee shall obtain written applications for employment from all employees. The licensee shall obtain and verify information on the application as to education, training, experience, appropriate licensure, if applicable, and health and personal background of each employee.

B. Prior to performing job duties, all employees, to include volunteers who have direct patient contact within the clinic, shall have tuberculin skin testing conducted unless a previously positive reaction is documented in millimeters. The intradermal (Mantoux) method, using five tuberculin units of stabilized purified protein derivative (PPD) is to be used. For employees/volunteers who have no documentation of a negative PPD result during the preceding 12 months, then the two-step procedure (one PPD test with negative result followed one to three weeks later by another PPD test) is required to establish a reliable baseline. If employees/volunteers have complete documentation of a negative PPD during the preceding 12 months (may be a single PPD or a two-step PPD), then a single PPD is acceptable to establish the baseline for current employment.

1. Persons with negative tuberculin skin tests who have direct contact with patients shall have an annual tuberculin skin test.

2. There is no need to perform an initial or routine chest X-ray on employees or volunteers with negative tuberculin tests who are asymptomatic.

3. Personnel with a positive reaction to the skin test shall have no patient contact until certified non-contagious by a physician.

4. Employees and volunteers with reactions of 10mm and over to the pre-employment tuberculin test, those new employees/volunteers who have previously-documented positive reactions, those with newly-converted skin tests and those with symptoms suggestive of TB (e.g., cough, weight loss, night sweats, fever, etc.), shall be given a chest X-ray to determine whether TB disease is present. If TB disease is diagnosed, appropriate treatment shall be given and contacts examined.

5. Personnel who are known or suspected to have TB shall be required to be evaluated by a physician and will not be allowed to return to work until they have been certified non-contagious by the physician.

6. Preventive treatment of personnel with new positive reactions is essential, and shall be considered for all infected employees/volunteers who have patient contact, unless specifically contraindicated. Routine annual chest X-rays of persons with positive reactions do not prevent TB and therefore are not a substitute for preventive treatment nor are required.

a. Employees and volunteers who complete treatment, either for disease or infection, may be exempt from further routine chest radiographic screening unless they have symptoms of TB.

b. Positive reactors who are unable or unwilling to take preventive treatment need not receive an annual chest X-ray. These individuals must be informed of their lifelong risk of developing and transmitting TB to individuals in the institution and in the community. They shall be informed of symptoms which suggest the onset of TB, and the procedure to follow should such symptoms develop.

7. Post-exposure skin tests should be provided for tuberculin negative employees/volunteers within 12 weeks after termination of contact for any suspected exposure to a documented case of pulmonary TB.

8. A person shall be designated in writing at each facility to coordinate TB screening of personnel and any other TB control activities.

C. All professional and allied health professional staff members shall be currently certified with American Red Cross or American Heart Association CPR and capable of recognizing symptoms of distress. A professional or allied health professional staff member who is legally qualified to perform advanced cardiac life support must be present while patients are undergoing abortion procedures/ recovery in the facility. (I)

D. No employee or volunteer of the facility, while afflicted with any infected wounds, boils, sores, or an acute respiratory infection, or any other contagious disease or illness, shall work in any capacity in which there is a likelihood of such person transmitting disease to other individuals.

E. Each facility shall have and execute a written orientation program to familiarize each new staff member with the facility and its policies and procedures, to include, as a minimum, fire safety and other safety measures, medical emergencies, and infection control.

F. Include: position title, authority, specific responsibilities and minimum qualifications.

3. Job descriptions shall be reviewed at least annually, kept current and given to each employee and volunteer when assigned to the position and when revised.

H. A personnel file shall be maintained for each employee and for each volunteer. The records shall be completely and accurately documented, readily available, and systematically organized to facilitate the compilation and retrieval of information. The file shall contain a current job description that reflects the individual's responsibilities and work assignments, and documentation of the person's orientation, in-service education, appropriate licensure, if applicable, and TB skin testing.

SECTION 205

Clinical Staff (II)


A. Physicians, nurses, and allied health professionals shall constitute the clinical staff.

B. The clinical staff shall meet at least quarterly to review and analyze their clinical experiences; minutes shall be maintained of such meetings.

C. Physicians. (I)

1. Abortions shall be performed only by physicians who are licensed to practice medicine in this State and who are properly qualified by training and experience to perform pregnancy termination procedures.

2. The facility shall enter into a signed written agreement with at least one physician board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology (if not one on staff) who has admitting privileges at one or more local hospitals with OB/GYN services to ensure his/her availability to the staff and patients during all operating hours.

3. A physician must remain on the premises until all patients are stable, and are ready for discharge. A physician must sign the discharge order and be readily accessible and available until the last patient has been discharged.

D. Nursing.

1. Nursing care shall be under the supervision of a registered nurse currently licensed in this State.

2. A registered nurse shall be on duty to provide or supervise all nursing care of patients in preparation, during the termination procedure, the recovery period and until discharge by the attending physician.

3. Licensed practical nurses, working under appropriate supervision and direction of a registered nurse, may be employed as components of the nursing staff.

E. Allied health professionals, working under appropriate direction and supervision, may be employed to work only within areas where their competency has been established.

F. If ultrasonography is conducted in the clinic, the procedure shall be conducted by a physician or by an ultrasound technician who shall have documented evidence of completion of a training course in ultrasonography.

SECTION 206

Consent of the Patient. (I)


A physician shall not perform an abortion without first obtaining a signed and dated consent of the pregnant woman pursuant to the provisions of Section 44-41-30 of the S.C. Code of Laws, 1976, as amended.

SECTION 207

Abortion Performed Upon Minors. (I)


No person may perform an abortion upon a minor unless consent is obtained pursuant to the provisions of Section 44-41-31 of the S.C. Code of Laws, 1976, as amended.

SECTION 208

Dissemination of Information. (I)


Clinics must comply with the Woman's Right to Know Act, Section 44-41-310 et seq., of the S.C. Code of Laws, 1976, as amended, and maintain an adequate supply of current printed material from the Department which has not been altered in content.

SECTION 209

Patients' Rights (II)


A. The facility shall have written policies and procedures to assure the individual patient the right to dignity, privacy, safety, and to register complaints with the Department. These patients' rights shall be approved by the licensee.

B. Each facility shall display in a conspicuous place a copy of the patients' rights. In addition, a copy signed by the patient shall be included in the medical record.

PART III PATIENT CARE

 

SECTION 301

Policies and Procedures. (II)


Abortion clinics shall not serve patients whose needs exceed the resources and/or capabilities of the clinic. The facility shall formulate and adhere to written patient care policies and procedures designed to ensure professional and safe care for patients, to include but not limited to:

A. Admission criteria;

B. Physician and nurse responsibilities for the services offered;

C. Specific details regarding the pre-operative procedures performed, to include:

1. History and physical examination, to include verification of pregnancy, estimation of gestational age, identification of any preexisting conditions or complications;

2. Special examinations, lab procedures, and/or consultations required, to include ultrasonography required when gestational age is clinically estimated to be equal to or more than 14 weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period as established by the physician's performance of a bimanual physical examination. Policies and procedures should also indicate that ultrasound is recommended when gestational age is equal to or more than 12 weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period as established by the performance of a bimanual physical examination or if the physical examination and clinical evidence is inconclusive as to the gestational age.

D. The actual abortion procedure, to include the use of:

1. IV's;

2. Fluids;

3. Analgesia/anesthesia. General anesthesia shall be administered only by a certified registered nurse anesthetist, anesthesiologist, or dentist anesthetist or physician anesthetist.

4. Tissue examination/disposal.

E. Post-procedure care/recovery room procedures to include emergency care;

F. Provisions for the education of patient, family and others, as appropriate in pre and post-procedure care;

G. Plans for follow-up of patient after discharge from the facility, to include arrangements for post-operative visit, and specific instructions in case of emergency;

H. Management and appropriate referral of high-risk conditions;

I. Transfer of patients who, during the course of pregnancy termination are determined to need care beyond that of the facility;

J. Infection control and sanitation procedures to include duties and responsibilities of the infection control committee that shall include the development and implementation of specific patient care and administrative policies aimed at investigating, controlling and preventing infections in the facility;

K. Registration of fetal death or death certificates, when applicable.

SECTION 302

Limitation of Services Offered by Abortion Clinics (I)


A. Abortions performed in abortion clinics shall be performed only on patients who are within 18 weeks from the first day of their last menstrual period. Those beyond 18 weeks shall be performed in a hospital. A licensed ambulatory surgical facility that is also licensed as an abortion clinic may perform abortions on patients who are up to 26 weeks after the first day of their last menstrual period.

B. Clinics performing abortions beyond 14 weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period must meet the requirements of Section 309.

SECTION 303

Pharmaceutical Services. (II)


Pharmaceutical services shall be provided in accordance with accepted professional practice and federal, state and local statutes and regulations.

A. Emergency Drugs:

1. Emergency Kit or Emergency Drugs. Each facility shall maintain an emergency kit or stock supply of drugs and medicines for the use of the physician in treating the emergency needs of patients. This kit or medicine shall be stored in such a manner as to prohibit its access by unauthorized personnel. A listing of contents by drawer or shelf shall be placed on the cabinet or emergency cart to allow quick retrieval. Contents shall correspond with the inventory list. Drugs and equipment must be available within the facility to treat, as a minimum, the following conditions: (I)

a. Cardiac arrest;

b. Seizure;

c. Asthmatic attack;

d. Allergic reaction;

e. Narcotic toxicity;

f. Hypovolemic shock;

g. Vasovagal shock.

2. Drug Reference Sources. Each facility shall maintain reference sources for identifying and describing drugs and medicines.

B. Administering Drugs and Medicines. Drugs and medicines shall not be administered to individual patients or to anyone within or outside the facility except by those authorized by law under orders of a physician duly licensed to prescribe drugs. Such orders shall be in writing and signed personally by the physician who prescribes the drug or medicine.

C. Medicine Storage. Medicines and drugs maintained in the facility for daily administration shall not be expired and shall be properly stored and safeguarded in enclosures of sufficient size that are not accessible to unauthorized persons. Refrigerators used for storage of medications shall maintain an appropriate temperature as determined by the requirements established on the label of medications. A thermometer accurate to ñ3 degrees Fahrenheit shall be maintained in these refrigerators. Only authorized personnel shall have access to storage enclosures. Controlled substances and ethyl alcohol, if stocked, shall be stored under double locks and in accordance with applicable state and federal laws.

D. Medicine Preparation Area. Medicines and drugs shall be prepared for administration in an area that contains a counter and a sink. This area shall be located in such a manner as to prevent contamination of medicines being prepared for administration.

E. Controlled Substances Registration.

1. If a stock of controlled drugs is to be maintained at the facility, a physician on the clinic staff shall obtain an individual practitioner South Carolina Controlled Substances Registration and a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Registration as registrant for the facility. This physician shall be responsible for the proper safeguarding and handling of controlled substances within the facility, and shall be certain that all possible control measures are observed and that any suspected diversion or mishandling of controlled substances is reported immediately to the Bureau of Drug Control of the Department.

2. With a written power of attorney, this physician may grant permission to any other physician who possesses an individual practitioner South Carolina Controlled Substances Registration and a DEA Registration to administer, order for administration, or dispense any controlled substances maintained by the facility.

F. Records. Records shall be kept of all stock supplies of controlled substances giving an accounting of all items received and/or administered.

G. Poisonous Substances. All poisonous substances must be plainly labeled and kept in a cabinet or closet separate from medicines and drugs to be prepared for administration. (I)

SECTION 304

Laboratory Services. (II)


A. Laboratory services shall be provided on site or through arrangement with a laboratory certified to provide the required procedures under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA-88).

1. Facilities for collecting specimens shall be available on site.

2. If laboratory services are provided on site they shall be directed by a person who qualifies as a director under CLIA-88 and shall be performed in compliance with CLIA-88 standards.

B. Prior to the procedure, laboratory tests shall include a recognized urine pregnancy test unless the physician identifies fetal heart beats or fetal movements on physical examination. If positive, the following additional tests are required:

1. Urinalysis including albumin and glucose examination;

2. Hematocrit or hemoglobin;

3. Determination of Rh factor (including the Du variant when the patient is Rh negative); Rh (D) immune globulin (human) shall be administered, prior to discharge, to patients who are determined to be Rh negative.

C. Other laboratory tests to be administered:

1. Testing for Chlamydia and gonorrhea;

2. Syphilis serology shall be offered;

3. A Papanicolaou procedure shall be offered;

4. Referral for chest X-ray, if indicated;

5. Other tests as deemed appropriate by the physician.

D. Aspirated tissues shall be examined to verify that villi or fetal parts are present; if villi or fetal parts cannot be identified with certainty, the tissue specimen shall be sent for further pathologic examination and the patient alerted to the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy.

E. A written report of each laboratory test and examination shall be a part of the patient's record.

F. If a patient is bleeding profusely and a transfusion of red blood cells is necessary, she should be administered fluids and transported immediately to a hospital that routinely performs crossmatches and transfuses patients.

G. All laboratory supplies shall be monitored for expiration dates, if applicable.

H. Products of conception resulting from the abortion procedure must be managed in accordance with requirements for pathological waste pursuant to Department R.61-105, Infectious Waste Management Regulations. All contaminated dressings and/or similar waste shall be properly disposed of in accordance with R.61-105.

SECTION 305

Emergency Care. (I)


A. All staff and/or consulting physicians shall have admitting privileges at one or more local hospitals that have appropriate obstetrical/gynecological services or shall have in place documented arrangements approved by the Department for the transfer of emergency cases when hospitalization becomes necessary.

B. Equipment and services shall be provided to render emergency resuscitative and life-support procedures pending transfer of the patient to a hospital.

C. The facility shall inform, in writing, the local ambulance service which provides emergency care and transport of patients, of the location of the facility, and the nature of medical problems which may result from abortions.

SECTION 306

Equipment and Supplies. (II)


There shall be appropriate equipment and supplies maintained for the patients to include but not limited to:

A. A bed or recliner suitable for recovery;

B. Oxygen with flow meters and masks or equivalent; (I)

C. Mechanical suction; (I)

D. Resuscitation equipment to include, as a minimum, resuscitation bags and oral airways; (I)

E. Emergency medications, intravenous fluids, and related supplies and equipment; (I)

F. A clock with a sweep second hand;

G. Sterile suturing equipment and supplies;

H. Adjustable examination light;

I. Containers for soiled linen and waste materials with covers;

J. Refrigerator;

K. Appropriate equipment for the administering of general anesthesia, if applicable.

SECTION 307

Consultation. (II)


Arrangements shall be made for consultation or referral services in the specialties of obstetrics/gynecology, anesthesiology, surgery, psychiatry, psychology, clinical pathology and pathology, clergy, and social services, as well as any other indicated field, to be available as needed.

SECTION 308

Quality Improvement. (II)


A. The facility shall establish and implement a written plan for a quality improvement program for patient care. The plan shall specify the individual responsible for coordinating the quality improvement program and shall provide for ongoing monitoring of staff and patient care services.

B. There shall be an ongoing process for monitoring and evaluating patient care services, staffing, infection prevention and control, housekeeping, sanitation, safety, maintenance of physical plant and equipment, patient care statistics, and discharge planning services.

C. Evaluation of patient care throughout the facility shall be criteria-based, so that certain actions are taken or triggered when specific quantified, predetermined levels of outcomes or potential problems are identified.

D. The quality improvement process shall incorporate quarterly review of a minimum of five per cent of medical records of patients undergoing procedures during a given quarter, but not less than five records shall be reviewed.

E. The quality improvement process shall include evaluation by patients of care and services provided by the facility. If the families of patients are involved in the care and services provided by the facility, the quality improvement process shall include a means for obtaining input from families of patients.

F. The administrator shall review the findings of the quality improvement program to ensure that effective corrective actions have been taken, including as a minimum, policy revisions, procedural changes, educational activities, and follow-up on recommendations, or that additional actions are no longer indicated or needed.

G. The quality improvement program shall identify and establish indicators of quality care, specific to the facility, that shall be monitored and evaluated.

H. The results of the quality improvement program shall be submitted to the licensee for review at least annually and shall include at least the deficiencies found and recommendations for corrections or improvements. Deficiencies that jeopardize patient safety shall be reported immediately in writing to the licensee.

SECTION 309

Requirements for Clinics Performing Abortions Beyond 14 Weeks. (I)


Clinics which perform abortions beyond 14 weeks from the first day of the last menstrual cycle shall, in addition to those requirements in all other sections of this regulation, have the following in place:

A. Physicians shall be board-certified or a candidate for board-certification in obstetrics and gynecology, general surgery, or family practice;

B. Physicians shall have admitting privileges at one or more local hospitals that have appropriate obstetrical/gynecological services;

C. Laryngoscopes, endotracheal tubes, and defibrillator;

D. Laboratory tests/procedures shall include:

1. White blood count and determination of blood type;

2. Sickle cell, when indicated;

3. Ultrasonogram.

PART IV MEDICAL RECORDS AND REPORTS

 

SECTION 401

Medical Records. (II)


Medical records shall be maintained for all patients examined or treated in the clinic. The records shall be completely and accurately documented, readily available, and systematically organized to facilitate the compilation and retrieval of information. All information shall be centralized in the patient's medical record. All entries shall be legibly written or typed, dated and signed.

A. The record shall include as a minimum the following information:

1. A face sheet with patient identification data, to include but not be limited to: name, address, telephone number, social security number, date of birth, father's and mother's names when patient is a minor, husband's name, and name, address and telephone number of person to be notified in the event of an emergency;

2. Signed consent for the procedure;

3. Date of initial examination;

4. Date of abortion;

5. Referring and attending physicians' names and phone numbers, if applicable;

6. Complete medical history to include medications currently being taken;

7. Physical examination, to the extent necessary to determine the health status of the patient, within 15 days of the procedure, including detail of findings of pelvic examination and estimated gestational age, according to the first day of the last menstrual period;

8. Results of diagnostic tests and/or examinations, e.g., X-ray, electrocardiography, clinical laboratory, pathology, consultations, ultrasound;

9. Pre-operative diagnosis;

10. Counselor's notes;

11. Physician's orders;

12. Complete record of abortion procedure to include:

a. Vital signs, i.e., temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure, prior to and following the procedure;

b. Name of procedure performed;

c. Anesthetic agent utilized;

d. Name of attending physician performing the procedure;

e. Names of clinical assistants in attendance, to include other physicians, physician's assistants, anesthetists, nurses, or specially-trained technicians;

f. Signature of physician performing the procedure.

13. Nurses' notes;

14. Progress notes to include a post-anesthesia note if general anesthesia is utilized;

15. Attending physician's description of gross appearance of tissue removed;

16. Final diagnosis;

17. Condition on discharge;

18. Post-op orders and follow-up care;

19. Documented verification that the woman has been presented printed materials as required in the Woman's Right-to-Know Act;

20. In the case of an unemancipated minor or mentally incompetent person, a copy of the court order or written consent authorizing the abortion.

B. The attending physician must complete and sign the medical record within 72 hours following discharge.

SECTION 402

Records Storage.


All records shall be treated as confidential and shall be stored in a safe location for a minimum of 10 years. When records are stored in a location other than the clinic, and upon closure of the clinic, for any reason, the medical records shall be stored in a safe location for that minimum period, with the Department informed of that location. The medium in which the records are stored, e.g., optical disk, microfiche, is a facility decision.

SECTION 403

Reports. (II)


A. The following shall be reported to Vital Records and Public Health Statistics of this Department:

1. Any abortion performed, to be reported by the performing physician on the standard form for reporting abortions, within seven days after the abortion is performed;

2. A fetal death when the fetus has completed or passed the age or weight requiring a report, pursuant to the standards in Department R. 61-19, Vital Statistics.

B. A record of each accident or incident occurring in the facility which involves patients, staff, or visitors, including medication errors and adverse drug reactions, shall be prepared immediately. Accidents or incidents resulting in serious injury shall be reported, in writing, to the Department within 10 days of the occurrence; if a death occurs, other than a fetal death, it shall be reported to the Department not later than the next Department work day (Monday through Friday). Accidents and incidents that must be reported include, but are not limited to:

1. Those leading to hospitalization;

2. Those leading to death, other than a fetal death;

3. Adverse drug reactions.

PART V FUNCTIONAL SAFETY AND MAINTENANCE

(II)

 

SECTION 501

Policies and Procedures.


A. Written policies and procedures shall be developed to enhance safety within the facility and on its grounds and to minimize hazards to patients, staff and visitors.

B. The policies and procedures shall include, but not be limited to:

1. Safety rules and practices pertaining to personnel, equipment, gases, liquids, drugs, supplies and services;

2. Provisions for reporting and investigating accidental events regarding patients, visitors and personnel and corrective action taken;

3. Provisions for disseminating safety-related information to employees and users of the facility;

4. Provision for syringe and needle handling and storage.

5. Provisions for managing infectious waste from generation to disposal according to Regulation 61-105.

SECTION 502

Disaster Preparedness.


A. The facility shall have posted, in conspicuous places throughout the facility, a plan for evacuation of patients, staff, and visitors in case of fire or other emergency. (I)

B. A facility that participates in a community disaster plan shall establish plans, based on its capabilities, to meet its responsibilities for providing emergency care.

SECTION 503

Maintenance.


A. Facility Maintenance. A facility's structure, its component parts, and all equipment such as elevators, furnaces and emergency lights, shall be kept in good repair and operating condition. Areas used by patients shall be maintained in good repair and kept free of hazards. All wooden surfaces shall be sealed with non-lead-based paint, lacquer, varnish, or shellac that will allow sanitization.

B. Equipment Maintenance. When patient monitoring equipment is utilized, a written preventive maintenance program shall be developed and implemented. This equipment shall be checked and/or tested in accordance with manufacturer's specifications at periodic intervals, not less than annually, to insure proper operation and a state of good repair. After repairs and/or alterations are made to any equipment, the equipment shall be thoroughly tested for proper operation before returning it to service. Records shall be maintained on each piece of equipment to indicate its history of testing and maintenance.

PART VI INFECTION CONTROL AND SANITATION

(II)

 

SECTION 601

General.


Policies and procedures shall be established in writing to assure safe and aseptic treatment and protection of all patients and personnel against cross-infection.

SECTION 602

Sterilization Procedures.


A. Adequate space shall be provided for storage, maintenance and distribution of sterile supplies and equipment.

B. Sterile supplies and equipment shall not be mixed with unsterile supplies, and shall be stored in dust-proof and moisture-free units. They shall be properly labeled.

C. Sterilizing equipment of appropriate type shall be available and of adequate capacity to properly sterilize instruments and materials. The sterilizing equipment shall have approved control and safety features.

1. There must be documentation of each load run daily. A biological test of the autoclave shall be run daily and the results maintained on a log.

2. Each separate package of instruments to be sterilized must have internal and external chemical indicators.

3. The accuracy of instrumentation and equipment shall be provided by periodic calibration and/or preventive maintenance as necessary, but not less than annually, and a log maintained.

D. The policies and procedures shall indicate how the shelf life of a packaged sterile item is determined. Methods approved for use are:

1. Date of expiration being marked on the item; or

2. Event-related, i.e., day-to-day expiration, utilizing such wording as, "sterile unless the integrity of the package is compromised."

SECTION 603

Linen and Laundry.


A. An adequate supply of clean linen or disposable materials shall be maintained in order to insure change of linen on procedure tables between patients.

B. Provisions for proper laundering of linen and washable goods shall be made. Soiled and clean linen shall be handled and stored separately. Storage shall be in covered containers.

C. A sufficient supply of cloth or disposable towels shall be available so that a fresh towel can be used after each handwashing. Towels shall not be shared.

SECTION 604

Housekeeping.


A. General. A facility shall be kept neat, clean and free from odors. Accumulated waste material must be removed daily or more often if necessary. There must be frequent cleaning of floors, walls, ceilings, woodwork, and windows. The premises must be kept free from rodent and insect infestation. Bath and toilet facilities must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.

B. Cleaning materials and supplies shall be stored in a safe manner. All harmful agents shall be locked in a closet or cabinet used for this purpose only.

C. Dry sweeping and dusting of walls and floors are prohibited.

SECTION 605

Refuse and Waste Disposal.


A. All garbage and waste shall be collected, stored and disposed of in a manner designed to prevent the transmission of disease. Containers shall be washed and sanitized before being returned to work areas. Disposable type containers shall not be reused.

B. Containers for garbage and refuse shall be covered and stored outside and placed on an approved platform to prevent overturning by animals, the entrance of flies or the creation of a nuisance. All solid waste shall be disposed of at sufficient frequencies in a manner so as not to create a rodent, insect or other vermin problem.

C. Immediately after emptying, containers for garbage shall be cleaned.

D. All waste meeting the definition of "infectious waste" as defined in Regulation 61-105 must be managed according to the requirements of that regulation.

SECTION 606

Outside Areas.


All outside areas, grounds and/or adjacent buildings shall be kept free of rubbish, grass, and weeds that may serve as a fire hazard or as a haven for insects, rodents and other pests. Outside stairs, walkways, ramps and porches shall be maintained free from accumulations of water, ice, snow and other impediments.

PART VII FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION

(I)

 

SECTION 701

Fire-fighting Equipment and Systems.


A. All facilities located outside a fire protected area shall have a contract with the nearest fire department.

B. An evacuation plan shall be posted in prominent places and staff members shall be trained as part of their responsibilities to guide patients to the designated exits.

C. All fire protection and alarm systems and other fire fighting equipment shall be inspected and tested at least once each year, and more often if necessary to maintain them in serviceable condition.

D. Fire extinguishers of the proper type shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 10 (National Fire Protection Association) 10 requirements or as otherwise directed by fire authorities.

1. Fire extinguishers shall be kept in condition for instant use and shall be inspected monthly by facility staff with the date of inspection recorded on a tag affixed to the extinguisher.

2. Fire extinguishers shall be inspected and/or serviced annually by personnel licensed or certified to perform fire extinguisher servicing. Servicing/inspection records shall be kept on the fire extinguishers.

E. No portable electric, open flame, or unvented heaters shall be allowed in the facility.

F. Fire Drills.

1. A fire drill shall be conducted at least once every three months. New facilities shall conduct a fire drill within the first 48 hours of operation. Each employee shall participate in a fire drill at least twice each year.

2. Records of drills shall be maintained to report the date, time, description, and evaluation of the drill, to include the names of participating staff and time for total evacuation.

G. Corridor Obstructions. All corridors and other means of egress or exit from the building shall be maintained clear and free of obstructions.

H. Corridor and Stairway Illumination. Corridors, stairs and other means of egress shall be lighted at all times with a minimum of one foot-candle at finish floor level along the path of travel.

SECTION 702

Alarms.


A fire alarm system shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of NFPA 72. The fire alarm system shall be tested monthly and each detector tested annually. Records of all tests shall be retained for at least one year.

SECTION 703

Gas Storage.


Gases (flammable and nonflammable) shall be handled and stored in accordance with the provisions of applicable NFPA codes.

PART VIII DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

 

SECTION 801

General.


Every facility must be planned, designed and equipped to provide adequate facilities for the care and comfort of each patient.

SECTION 802

Local and State Codes and Standards. (II)


A. Facilities shall comply with pertinent local and state laws, codes, ordinances and standards with reference to design and construction. Abortion clinics are categorized as a "business occupancy" as defined in the Standard Building Code. No facility will be licensed unless the Department has assurance that responsible local officials have approved the facility.

B. The Department uses as its basic codes: the Standard Building Code, Standard Plumbing Code, Standard Mechanical Code, and National Electrical Code. Buildings designed in accordance with the above mentioned codes will be acceptable to the Department, provided, however, that the requirements set forth in this regulation are also met.

SECTION 803

Submission of Plans and Specifications.


A. New Buildings, Additions or Major Alterations to Existing Buildings. (II)

1. When construction is contemplated either for new buildings, additions or major alterations to existing buildings, the facility must contact the Division of Health Facilities Construction of this Department to discuss code and regulation requirements that apply to that project. Plans and specifications shall be submitted to the Department for review. Where the Standard Building Code or other regulations require fire-rated walls or other fire-rated structural elements, these plans and specifications shall be prepared by an architect registered in the State of South Carolina and shall bear his/her seal.

2. All plans shall be drawn to scale with the title and date shown thereon. Construction work shall not be started until approval of the final drawings or written permission has been received from the Department. Any construction changes from the approved documents require approval by the Department.

B. Preliminary submission shall include the following:

1. Plot plan showing size and shape of entire site; orientation and location of proposed building; location and description of any existing structures, adjacent streets, highways, sidewalks, railroads, et cetera, properly designated; size, characteristics and location of all existing public utilities, including information concerning water supply available for fire protection;

2. Floor plans showing overall dimensions of buildings; locations, size and purpose of all rooms; location and size of doors, windows and other openings with swing of doors properly indicated; locations of smoke partitions and firewalls; locations of stairs, elevators, dumbwaiters, vertical shafts and chimneys;

3. Outline specifications listing a general description of construction including interior finishes and mechanical systems.

C. Final submission shall include the following: Complete working drawings and contract specifications, including layouts for plumbing, air conditioning, ventilation and electrical work and complete fire protection layout, if applicable.

D. In construction delayed for a period exceeding 12 months from the time of approval of final submission, a new evaluation and/or approval is required.

E. One complete set of as-built drawings shall be filed with DHEC.

SECTION 804

Licensure of Existing Structures. (II)


When an existing structure is contemplated for licensure it must meet the same building code requirements as a "new" facility (see Section 803.A). If an expansion or renovation to an existing facility is contemplated, the facility must contact the Division of Health Facilities Construction of this Department to discuss code and regulatory requirements that apply to that project. The following shall be submitted to the Department:

A. If the physical dimensions of the building are affected, a plot plan in accordance with Section 803.B.1;

B. A floor plan in accordance with Section 803.B.2;

C. Description of construction including outside walls, partitions, floor, ceiling and roof. The method of heating and cooling shall also be included.

NOTE: Those existing abortion clinics that have been identified by the Department, through submission of regular reports of abortions performed, may be licensed in their current buildings. However, upon initial licensure, these facilities will be required to submit a plan that will bring them into full compliance with this chapter within two years from date of licensure.

SECTION 805

Minor Alterations in Licensed Facilities.


When alterations that involve construction that may affect walls, ceilings, floors, or fire and life safety are contemplated, preliminary drawings and specifications, accompanied by a narrative completely describing the proposed work, shall be submitted to the Department for review and approval to insure that the proposed alterations comply with current safety and building standards and determine if an architect need be involved.

SECTION 806

Location


A. Transportation. The facility must be served by roads that are passable at all times and are adequate for the volume of expected traffic.

B. Parking. The facility shall have parking space to reasonably satisfy the needs of patients, staff, and visitors.

C. Communications. A telephone must be provided on each floor used by patients and additional telephones or extensions must be provided, as required, to summon help in case of fire or other emergency. Pay station telephones are not acceptable for this purpose.

SECTION 807

Physical Facilities.


A. An adequate number of examination/procedure rooms shall be provided. A procedure room shall be sized, shaped, and arranged to allow unfettered movement for all persons involved in the procedure.

B. Each procedure room shall be provided:

1. A suitable gynecological procedure table;

2. Equipment necessary to treat patients for hemorrhage, shock, cardiac arrest and other emergencies (an emergency "crash" cart in the immediate vicinity is acceptable); (I)

C. An area shall be provided for use by nurses in preparing medications for patients and keeping patient medical records. A room or cabinets shall be provided for storing medications and shall be kept locked except when medications are being prepared for administering. Narcotics shall be double-locked. An adequate supply of drugs shall be on hand at all times.

D. An adequate number of recovery room(s) or area(s) shall be provided. There shall be clear space on both sides and at the foot of each recovery bed/recliner to allow unencumbered movement by staff and patients.

1. There shall be a toilet room immediately accessible from the recovery area. This room shall contain a commode with grab bars or recessed hand-holds and handwashing lavatory, operable without the use of hands, soap dispenser with soap, and paper towel dispensers with paper towels, or hot air dryer;

2. There shall be a signal system for each patient bath and toilet that shall include an audible alarm that can be heard and location identified by staff;

3. There shall be a readily accessible safe and sanitary storage area for patients' clothing and personal effects;

4. There must be provisions to afford privacy upon request of a patient, e.g., curtains, screens, private room.

E. A room for the temporary storage of soiled linen and waste in covered containers shall be provided. This room shall be provided with at least 10 air changes per hour with all air continuously exhausted to the outside.

F. There must be an area to accommodate the sterilization procedures as described in Section 602. There shall be sufficient surgical instruments sterilized and available for each patient who presents herself for abortion. The area shall be arranged to prevent cross traffic of clean and dirty material. Air flow in this area shall be from the "clean" area toward the "dirty" area.

G. Suitable dressing room space shall be provided for physicians and nursing staff. Scrub facilities shall be provided and located conveniently to the procedure room(s).

H. Procedure and recovery room(s) shall be located on an exit access corridor that provides unimpeded, rapid access to an exit of the building. This exit must accommodate emergency transportation vehicles and equipment.

I. In multi-storied buildings where the facility is not located on the floor of entry to/exit from the building, there must be at least one elevator that serves the clinic floor(s). The elevator must accommodate emergency transportation equipment.

J. Adequate fixed or portable work surface areas shall be maintained for use in each procedure room.

K. Doors providing access into the facility and procedure room(s) shall be at least 36 inches wide to accommodate maneuvering of ambulance stretchers and wheelchairs and other emergency equipment. All corridors shall be at least 48 inches wide.

L. Heating and ventilation.

1. Lighting, heating, and ventilation systems shall comply with local and state codes. There shall be approved equipment capable of maintaining a minimum temperature of 72 degrees Fahrenheit and a maximum temperature of 76 degrees Fahrenheit in patient areas.

2. The procedure room(s) and the recovery room(s) shall be provided a minimum of six air changes per hour. Air supplied to all areas shall be filtered through filters of at least 25 percent efficiency rating.

3. Mechanically operated systems shall be used to supply air to and exhaust air from soiled workrooms or soiled storage areas, janitor's closets, toilet rooms, and from spaces that are not provided with operable windows or outside doors.

M. The entrance shall be at grade level or above, be sheltered from the weather, and accommodate wheelchairs.

N. There shall be adequate storage areas for supplies and other storage. Sterile supplies shall be stored separate from other supplies.

O. One or more janitor's closets shall be provided throughout the facility as required to maintain a clean and sanitary environment. Each shall contain a floor receptor or service sink and storage space for housekeeping equipment and supplies.

P. A clean work area shall contain space for handwashing and clean storage and may include clean linen storage.

Q. There shall be at least two exits remote from each other.

R. Items such as drinking fountains, machines, and portable equipment or any other items shall not be located in the required exit corridors to restrict corridor traffic.

S. Thresholds and expansion joint covers shall be made sufficiently flush with the floor surface to accommodate wheeled service carts, wheelchairs, gurneys, etc.

T. All corridor glazing materials that extend within 18 inches of the floor shall be of safety glass, plastic, wireglass, or other material that will resist breaking and will not create dangerous cutting edges when broken. Safety glass or plastic glazing materials shall be used for any shower doors or bath enclosures.

U. Cubicle curtains and draperies shall be noncombustible or rendered flame retardant.

V. Wall finishes shall be washable and, in the immediate area of plumbing fixtures, shall be smooth and moisture resistant.

W. Wall bases in soiled equipment and material workrooms and other areas that are frequently subject to wet cleaning methods shall be tightly sealed and constructed without voids that can harbor insects.

X. Floor and wall penetrations by pipes, ducts, and conduits shall be tightly sealed to minimize entry of rodents and insects. Joints of structural elements shall be similarly sealed.

Y. Interior finish materials shall comply with the Standard Building Code requirements for "business occupancy."

Z. Adequate space shall be provided for reception, waiting, interviewing, administrative, and business office functions. Space provided for interviewing and admitting shall be located and designed to provide privacy.

SECTION 808

Water Supply and Plumbing. (II)


A. Water Supply. Water shall be obtained from a community water system and shall be distributed to conveniently located taps and fixtures throughout the facility and shall be adequate in volume and pressure for all purposes including fire fighting. Patient and staff handwashing lavatories shall be supplied with hot water that shall be thermostatically controlled to a temperature between 100 and 125 degrees Fahrenheit.

B. Plumbing.

1. All plumbing material and plumbing systems or parts thereof installed shall meet the minimum requirements of the Standard Plumbing Code.

2. All plumbing shall be installed in such a manner as to prevent back siphonage or cross-connections between potable and non-potable water supplies. There shall be, at a minimum, an approved double-check assembly on the water supply to the facility.

SECTION 809

Emergency Power and Lighting Requirements.


A. The facility shall be equipped with automatic emergency power adequate to maintain the operation of lighting for procedure rooms, egress, fire detection equipment, and alarms. (I)

B. There shall be sufficient safe lighting for all activities, including suitable lighting for corridors. (II)


PART IX PREREQUISITES FOR INITIAL LICENSURE


Prior to admission of patients to, and issuance of a license for new facilities or additional procedure rooms, the following actions must be accomplished:

A. Plans and construction must be approved by the Division of Health Facilities Construction of this Department.

B. The facility shall submit a completed application for license on forms that shall be furnished by the Division of Health Licensing. The following documents shall be submitted with the application:

1. Final construction approval of both water and wastewater systems by the appropriate District Environmental Quality Control Office of this Department (includes satisfactory laboratory reports of water samples).

2. Approval from the appropriate building official stating that all applicable local codes and ordinances have been complied with.

a. If the facility is located within town or city limits, approval by the local fire chief stating that all applicable requirements have been met, or

b. If the facility is located outside town or city limits, a written letter of agreement with the nearest fire department that will provide protection and respond in case of fire at the facility shall be obtained. This letter shall indicate that they have the equipment, personnel, and/or agreements with other departments to adequately respond to this type of facility.

3. Certification and laboratory test reports, provided by the manufacturer or supplier, that all carpeting purchased by the facility meets the requirements of the Standard Building Code.

4. Certification by the contractor that only the carpeting described in B.3 above was installed in the facility.

5. Certification by the manufacturer or supplier that all drapes and cubicle curtains purchased by the facility are flame or fire resistant or retardant.

6. Certification by the owner or contractor that only materials described in B.5 above were installed.

7. Certification by the manufacturer or supplier that all wall covering materials purchased by the facility are fire or flame resistant or retardant.

8. Certification by the contractor that only the materials described in 7 above were installed.

9. Certification by the engineer that all fire alarm and smoke detection systems have been installed according to plans and specifications, have been tested and operate satisfactorily.

10. Certification by the contractor that the automatic sprinkler system, if required or installed, has been completed and tested in accordance with the approved plans and specifications and NFPA No. 13. Include a copy of the approval letter of the sprinkler shop drawings.

11. Certification that all medical gas systems have been properly installed and tested.

C. The facility must register as an infectious waste generator as outlined in Regulation 61-105.

D. Required personnel must be employed, available, trained, and capable of performing their duties.

E. The Division of Health Licensing shall inspect the facility and require compliance with these regulations.

F. The facility must pay the required licensing fee.


PART X GENERAL


Conditions arising that have not been addressed in these regulations shall be managed in accordance with the best practices as interpreted by the Department.

 

 

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MEDICAID PROVIDER MANUAL PHYSICIANS, LABORATORIES, AND OTHER MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS

 

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Abortion Guidelines

 

Non-Elective Abortions All non-elective abortions, including spontaneous, missed, incomplete, septic, hydatidiform mole, etc., require only that the medical record verify such a diagnosis. Medical procedures necessary to care for a patient with an ectopic pregnancy are not modified by this section and are compensable services.

 

Therapeutic Abortions In compliance with federal regulations (42 CFR 441.203 and 441.206), DHHS requires documentation for all charges associated with instances of therapeutic abortion. This includes the attending physician, the anesthesiologist, and the hospital. Therapeutic abortions are sponsored only in cases that a physician has found, and certified in writing to the Medicaid agency, that on the basis of his or her professional judgment, the pregnancy is the result of an act of rape or incest; or the woman suffers from a physical disorder, physical injury, or physical illness, including a life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising from the pregnancy itself, that would place the woman in danger of death unless an abortion is performed.  The abortion statement must contain the name and address of the patient, the reason for the abortion, and the physician’s signature and date. The patient’s certification statement is only required in cases of rape or incest. The

medical record must document that continued pregnancy would endanger the life of the mother or that the pregnancy is the result of an act of rape or incest. This may be reflected in the office admission history notes and physical, discharge summary, consultation reports, operative records, and/or pathology reports. Both the abortion statement and the appropriate medical records must be submitted with the claim. A sample copy of the abortion statement form can be found in Section 5 of this manual (“Administrative Services”). If documentation is insufficient or the abortion statement is improperly completed, the claim will be rejected. Questions should be directed to the Department of Hospitals at (803) 898-2665.

 

Billing Notes When billing for any type of abortion, the procedures must be billed using the abortion procedure codes. The range 59812 – 59830 and 59870 should be used for spontaneous, missed, and septic abortions, and hydatidiform mole; and

59840 – 59857 should be used for therapeutic abortion. The vaginal delivery code should not be used to report an abortion procedure. The only exception to this rule is if the physician actually performs the delivery of the fetus and only when the

gestation is questionable and there is a probability of survival. The medical record must contain documented evidence that the fetus was delivered by the physician. If the physician did not perform the delivery, but problems necessitated his or her presence, then the appropriate E/M codes should be used to report these services. Diagnosis codes in the 635 range should be used only to report therapeutic abortions. Spontaneous, inevitable, and missed abortions should be reported with the appropriate other diagnosis codes (e.g., 630, 631, 634, 636, and 637). Abortions which are reported with diagnosis and procedure codes for therapeutic abortion must be accompanied by complete medical records which substantiate life

endangerment to the mother or that the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest, and the signed abortion statement. The following diagnosis codes do not require documentation: 630, 631, 632, 656.5 (0, 1, 3), or 658.2 (0, 1, 3).

 

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