TURKMENISTAN. Regulations on HIV/AIDS testing in Turkmenistan, 7 June 1995. (Summarized in.International Digest of Health Legislation, 1995, Vol. 46, No. 4, 474-5).
These Regulations have been made in pursuance of Section 3 of the Law of 10 January 1991 on the prevention of AIDS. Section 2 indicates the categories of persons subject to HIV testing, including the following: donors of blood, blood products, plasma, and other biological fluids and tissues, on the occasion of each donation; citizens of Turkmenistan travelling abroad, in the event that the country of destination requires a certificate of the performance of a test for HIV infection; persons displaying certain clinical signs; persons suspected of or diagnosed as having certain diseases and certain pathological conditions; aliens and stateless persons seeking medical advice, in accordance with clinical indications; infants born to HIV-infected parents, at birth and fifteen months thereafter; and medical workers accidentally exposed to direct contact with body fluids, within two months of such contact. Under Section 3, staff of diplomatic and consular missions enjoying diplomatic privileges and immunity in Turkmenistan may only be tested with their consent. Section 4 requires annual sentinel surveillance to be carried out on certain high-risk groups (drug-dependent persons, "promiscuous" persons, patients suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, etc.). Under Section 5, all surveillance, with the exception of sentinel surveillance, is to be conducted with pre- and post-test counseling, on a voluntary, anonymous, and confidential basis. Section 6 indicates the methods to be used for HIV testing, while Section 7 lays down, among other things, that testing may only be performed in state medical establishments. Under Section 8, citizens of Turkmenistan, aliens, or stateless persons may request testing to be repreated in another establishment. Section 9 imposes the requirement of confidentiality with regard to HIV testing and its results, while Section 10 requires health care establishments to inform the persons tested, in writing, of the need for preventative measures and their responsibility towards other persons.