HIV/AIDS LAWS OF THE WORLD
This page provides links to HIV/AIDS laws
and policies of the following countries (updated as of 2 February 2010):
Afghanistan National HIV Code of Ethics of the
Ministry of Public Health, 15 August 2007.
National Strategic Framework (2006 – 2010), 5 July 2006.
Law No. 9952 of
14 July 2008 on the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.
Law No. 8/04 on
HIV and AIDS, 2004.
Law No. 23798
of 14 September 1990 declaring the fight against AIDS to be of national
1244/91 of 1 July 1991 promulgating Regulations for the implementation of Law
No. 105 of 24 September 1997 approving Regulations on AIDS and Perinatology
Resolution No. 1715/2007 of 7 December 2007 of the
Ministry of Health [approves Regulations on the mandatory notification of
infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS].
of 3 February 1997 on the prevention of HIV, as amended in 2000 and 2009.
AIDS Law 1993,
as amended through 2001
The Employment Act
2001 (Act No. 27 of 2001) [prohibits discrimination on the basis of HIV/AIDS
and pre-employment screening for HIV].
Law of the Republic of
Belarus of 18 June 1993 on public health.
Law No. 363-W
of 20 June 2008 [on health care; contains provisions on HIV/AIDS].
Law of 28 January 2003 on medical examinations in
the framework of labor relations.
on HIV/AIDS, 2005.
Rights Amendment Act 2000 (Act No. 37 of 2000), 24 August 2000 [redefines a
disabled person (now includes persons suffering from HIV or AIDS)].
National Monitoring and Evaluation
Guidelines for STI, HIV and AIDS control activities in Bhutan, April 2008.
National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and
Control of STIs and HIV and AIDS, 2008.
Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT)
No. 3729 of 8 August 2007, Law for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS, the Protection
of Human Rights, and Integral Multidisciplinary Care of Persons Who Live with
Decree No. 0213 of 22 July 2009 [prohibits discrimination in contracting and
recruiting employees on the basis of infection with HIV].
No. 0668 of 30 August 2007, Ministry of Health and Sport [guarantees access to
universal health care for all persons and prohibits discriminatory treatment or
denial of treatment based on status as a
sex worker or a person living with HIV/AIDS].
No. 0711 of the Ministry of Health and Sports, 27 November 2002 [Regulations
for the Prevention and Surveillance of HIV/AIDS in Bolivia].
National Policy on HIV/AIDS, 17 November 1993.
HIV/AIDS Treatment Guidelines : 2008 Version, 1 November 2008.
Industrial Relations Code of Good Practice, 23 August 2002 [prohibits
discrimination against persons with AIDS and HIV testing as a requirement for
employment and contains other provisions on HIV/AIDS].
on HIV/AIDS in the Workplace, December 2003.
Law No. 9313 of 13
November 1996 on the free distribution of medicine to HIV carriers and AIDS
Law No. 7670 of
8 September 1988 extending specified benefits to AIDS carriers.
Order No. 5/VS
the Ministry of Health of 22 February 2006 [notification of HIV/AIDS].
No. INSS/DC/89 of 5 April 2002 of the National Institute of Social Security
[approves technical rules on employment disability with respect to HIV/AIDS
Resolution No. 144 of
29 July 1994 amending Regulations for the implementation of the Law on public
health, promulgated by Resolution No. 23 of 1974 .
Order No. 4 of 2
April 1992 of the Minister of health on the conditions and procedures governing
testing for infection by the immunodeficiency virus [summary] .
No. 30-2008/AN of 19 June 2008 [fights HIV/AIDS and protect the rights of
persons living with HIV/AIDS].
No. 19/VII/2007 of 26 November 2007 [on the prevention, treatment, and control
Law No. 006/PR/2002 of 15 April 2002, on the
promotion of reproductive health [criminalizes the know transmission of HIV].
No. 019/PR/2007 of 15 November 2007 [measures to fight HIV/AIDS/STIs and to
protect the rights of persons living with HIV/AIDS].
Law No. 19779
of 4 December 2001 establishing rules on HIV and creating a subsidy for
No. 371 of 2 February 2001 [on HIV testing].
Decree No. 182 of
10 August 2005 [testing].
Order No. 15
of 12 August 1991 of the Ministry of health promulgating measures on the
prevention and tretment of venereal diseases.
Decree No. 17
of 6 December 1991 of the Ministry of Public Health promulgating measures for
the implementation of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the
prevention and treatment of communicable diseases.
Regulations on the Monitoring and Control of AIDS, 14 January 1988.
Employment Promotion Law (Order No. 70), 30 August 2007 [prohibits refusing to employ
a job candidate on the basis that he/she is a carrier of any infectious
No. 96 of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine on Measures for the Prevention and Treatment of AIDS at Ports, 30
The Action Plan of Shanghai Municipality for the
Containment and Prevention/Treatment of AIDS (2006-2010).
Plan Against AIDS, 2002-2006, 28 February 2002.
Strategic Plan to Fight AIDS (2006-2010).
Procedures, Rules, and Directives for the Care of
Persons who Live with HIV, 2005.
for the Functioning of Anonymous and Voluntary HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing
on STIs, HIV, and AIDS, Directives and Basic Procedures, 2004.
of 1 March 1999 on AIDS prevention
Control and Patient Rights Protection Act, 11 July 2007.
Rules of the AIDS Prevention and Control Act, as amended through 19 April 2006.
No. 970118-1 of the Department of Health of the Executive Yuan, 18 January 2008
[on HIV testing].
Regulations Governing Reporting by Medical
Personnel upon Detection of HIV Infections, 25 March 2008.
Regulations Governing Payments for Costs for
Laboratory Testing, Prevention and Treatment of HIV, 16 June 2008.
Decree No. 1543 of 12 June 1997 regulating the management
of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquird
immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.
No. 1220 of 16 July 2008 [amends the Penal Code with respect to knowingly
putting others at risk of HIV infection].
No. 95-124PR of 8 August 1995, the Public Health Code [contains provisions on
CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF
08/011 of 14 July 2008 [on the rights of persons living with HIV/AIDS and
Law No. 09/001 of 10 January 2009 on the
protection of children [prohibits deliberately infecting a child with an incurable
sexually transmitted disease such as HIV/AIDS].
Law No. 06/018 of 20 July 2006 [amends the Penal
Code to create the crime of deliberately infecting another person with a
sexually transmitted disease].
Law No. 7771,
General Law on HIV/AIDS of 29 April 1998.
Decree No. 27894-S of 3 June 1999, Regulation to
the General Law on HIV/AIDS.
33746 of 29 March 2007 [amends the above Decree].
Law on the protection of the population from
infectious diseases, 18 July 2007 contains provisions on HIV/AIDS].
Resolution No. 13 of 24
July 1997 of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security [Regulations on the
System of Ambulatory Care for HIV Carriers and Person Suffering with AIDS].
2003-0049/PR/MEF/MS of 22 March 2003 instituting an institutional framework for
the fight against AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis.
48/AN/994th of 3 July 1999, setting forth the Orientation of Health
Policy [on the prevention of AIDS].
No. 2008-0182/PR/MS of 24 July 2008 [on voluntary HIV/AIDS testing in
No. 196/AN/07/5th L of 16 July 2007 [creates a Solidarity Fund for
orphans and children affected by HIV/AIDS].
55-93 of 31 Dec 1993 establishing the notification of public health authorities
of all matters relating to living or deceased persons who have been infected
with the AIDS virus [deals with other HIV/AIDS issues as well].
National Rules on Reproductive Health, July
2004, of the Secretariat of State for Public Health and Social Assistance
[contains provisions on persons infected with HIV].
28 September 2008 [contains provisions on equality regardless of HIV infection].
Law on Prevention and
Integral Care with respect to HIV/AIDS, 2 December 1999.
Accord No. 00398 of 13
July 2006 of the Ministry of Labor and Employment [rules on treatment of HIV/AIDS
in the workplace].
Guidelines for Voluntary HIV Testing and Counseling, 2004.
No. 107/2006 of 20 November 2006.
588 of 24 October 2001, as amended through Decree-Law No. 1016 of 10 October
2002 [on the prevention of HIV].
Decree No. 53
of 25 May 1993 promulgating Regulations for the investigation, prevention, and
control of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Diseases Prevention and Control Act, 12 February 2003.
No. 276/2002, 11 June 2002 [establishing a National HIV/AIDS Prevention and
Labour (Amendment) Proclamation, Proclamation No.
494/2006, 29 June 2006 [amends the Labour Proclamation No. 277/2003 to provide
that an employee who terminates employment on his or her own initiative because
of HIV/AIDS is entitled to severance pay].
Relations Promulgation 2007, 1 October 2007 [prohibits discrimination based on
real or perceived HIV status].
HIV/TB Surveillance Policy, April 2006.
Code of Practice for HIV/AIDS in the Workplace, 2008.
of 30 December 2008 [contains provisions on the notification of HIV].
Regulations of 13 December 2007 [contains provisions
on the notification of HIV].
Act, 2007 (Act No. 5 of 2007), 17 October 2007 [prohibits discrimination based
on actual, perceived, or suspected HIV status].
Plan to implement the Strategy of the Federal Government to fight HIV/AIDS,
Commission Act, 2002 (Act No. 613), 16 January 2002.
National Workplace HIV/AIDS Policy, December 2004.
No. 2005/025/AN of 22 November 2005.
No. 9-2009 of 18 February 2009 [criminalizes knowingly exposing another person
to a sexually transmitted infection].
National HIV and
AIDS Workplace Policy, 2009.
No. 147-99 of 9 September 1999 approving the General Law on HIV/AIDS.
Accord No. 009
of 15 May 2003 [Regulations to Decree No. 149-99].
No. 63/1997 of 21 December 1997 [on the notification of HIV/AIDS].
No. 18/1998 of 3 June 1998 [on the prevention and control of infectious
diseases, including HIV/AIDS].
No. 18/2002 of 28 December 2002 [on the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS].
Act No. 161 of 1997 [on health; contains
provisions on HIV/AIDS].
No. 420/2008 of 18 April 2008 [contains provisions on the reporting of HIV].
An Action Plan
for Blood Safety, 2003
National Blood Policy, 2000.
National AIDS Prevention and Control Policy,
No. 9/KEP/MENKO/KESRA/VI/1994 concerning the National Strategy of Combating
AIDS in Indonesia, 6 June 1994 .
Decree of the Minister of Manpower and
Transmigration on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control in the Workplace, 28 April
Law No. 135 of 5
June 1990 establishing a programme of urgent interventions for the prevention
and control of AIDS.
Health (Class 1 Notifiable Diseases) Order, 2003, 4 November 2003 [classifies
AIDS/ HIV as a class 1 notifiable disease].
HIV/AIDS Policy, May 2005.
of 1 February 2009 [imposes a tax on all airplane tickets to support the fight
Law of the Republic of
Kazakhstan of 5 October 1994 on the prevention of AIDS.
172 of 7 July 2006 [amends the above Law].
Resolution No. 1207 of 14 September 2001, Program
to Counteract the AIDS Epidemic in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2001-2005.
Public Health Code, 18 September 2009.
Condom Policy and Strategy, September 2001.
and AIDS Prevention and Control Act, 2006 (Act No. 14 of 2006), 30 December
Act, 2007 (Act No. 11 of 2007), 22 October 2007 [prohibits discrimination based
on HIV status].
Law on HIV/AIDS, 27 June 2005.
Law No. 91 of 25 June 2007 [contains provisions
on criminal responsibility for HIV infection].
Law, 16 January 2007 [provides that each labor unit may require a medical
certificate from applicants for work to ensure that they do not suffer from a
serious communicable disease and may reject an application where the applicant
has a serious communicable disease].
Regulation No. 7 of 5 January 1999 [registration of infectious diseases,
regulation No. 628 of 4 November 2003 [restriction of the spread of HIV/AIDS
Sexual and Reproductive Health Law of 19 February 2002, as amended through 29
January 2004 [contains provisions on HIV/AIDS].
to Prevent Mother to Child Transmission of HIV, June 2004.
Code (Amendment) Act, 2006 (Act No. 6 of 2006) [amends the Labour Code to
insert a new Part XXA on HIV and AIDS and employment].
National Strategic Plan to Fight AIDS, 2001-2006,
of Practice on Prevention and Management of HIV/AIDS at the workplace, Department of Occupational Safety and Health,
Ministry of Human Resources, 2001.
No. 06-028 of 29 June 2006.
No. 05-147 of 31 March 2005 [benefits for people suffering from AIDS].
No. 05-546/P-RM of 20 December 2005 [on AIDS testing centers].
No. 07-165/P-RM of 23 May 2007 [on notification of HIV/AIDS].
of the Policy on the Fight against HIV/AIDS in Mali, 7 April 2004.
Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act 1988.
HIV and AIDS
Act 2006, 3 August 2007.
The HIV and AIDS (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act
2008 (Act No. 1 of 2008), 12 April 2008 [amends the above Act].
Employment Rights Act 2008 (Act No. 33 of 2008),
19 September 2008 [prohibits discrimination based on HIV status].
HIV and AIDS (Collection, Storage and
Disposal of Used Syringes and Needles) Regulations 2007, 24 August 2007.
Regulation NOM-010-SSA2-1993 on the prevention and control of HIV infection, as
amended through 16 March 2000.
Official Mexican Regulations NOM-039-SSA2 of 24
January 2003 on the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections.
No. 23-XVI of 16 February 2007 on prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.
Law on AIDS prevention, 2004.
Strategy to respond to AIDS, 2003.
5/2002 of 5 February 2002 on non-discrimination in the workplace against
workers or candidates for employment who are HIV/AIDS carriers.
Ministerial Order No. 183-A/2001 of 18 December
2001 of the Ministry of Health [rules for the Organization of the National
Health Services for the care and treatment of persons living with HIV/AIDS and
the guiding principles for the treatment patients with HIV/AIDS infection].
HIV/AIDS Charter of Rights, 11 December 2000.
Guidelines for implementation of the National Code on HIV/AIDS in employment,
18 March 1998.
for the Clinical Management of HIV and AIDS, 2001.
Guideline for Counselling of HIV/AIDS and Sexually
Transmitted Diseases, 2001.
Labour Act, 2007 (Act
No. 11 of 2007), 21 December 2007 [prohibits discrimination on the basis of
AIDS or HIV status].
Act to Amend Some Nepal Acts for Maintaining
Gender Equality, 2063 (2006) [provides that whoever commits rape having the
knowledge that he has been infected by HIV shall be liable to a punishment of
imprisonment of one year in addition to penalties imposed for committing rape].
Law No. 238
of 14 October 1996, Law on the Promotion, Protection, and Defense of Human
Rights in the Face of AIDS.
Legislative Decree No. 2378 of 20 October 1999
[Regulations to Law No. 238].
2007-08 of 30 April 2007 [on the prevention, management, and control of HIV].
reproductive health in Niger, 2006 [prohibits the intentional transmission of
HIV/AIDS and contains other provisions on HIV/AIDS].
National Workplace Policy on HIV/AIDS, April
No. 69 of 19 June 2009 [authorizes municipalities to establish premises for the
injection of drugs]
Regulations No. 168 of 13 February 2009
[mandate the reporting of HIV/AIDS].
Resolution No. 1 of 19 January 1990 of the Ministry of Health on the National
Programme for the Prevention of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Law No. 3 of 5
January 2000 on sexually transmitted diseases, HIV, and AIDS.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Law and Justice
Gender Strategy, 2005 [contains provisions on HIV/AIDS].
Law No. 26626 of
19 June 1996 giving the Ministry of Health responsibility for formulating a
national Plan to Fight HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases.
Supreme Decree No.
004-97-SA of 17 June 1997 approving Regulations to Law No. 26626, relating to
achieving the objectives of the National Plan against AIDS.
Resolution No. 376-2008-TR of 28 November 2008 of the Ministry of Labor and the
Promotion of Employment [approves National Measures to address HIV/AIDS in the
Supreme Decree No.
004-2209-SA of 27 March 2009 sets forth the list of medicaments to treat HIV
that are exempt form taxes and duties.
No. 8504, Philippines AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998, 13 February
Rules and Regulations Implementing the
Philippines AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998, 13 April 1998.
Administrative Order No. 2009-2006 of 13
January 2009 of the Department of Health on Guidelines on Antiretroviral
Therapy (ART) among Adults and Adolescents with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Administrative Order No. 2008-0022 of 8 August
2008 of the Department of Health sets forth Policies and Guidelines in the
Collaborative Approach of TB and HIV Prevention and Control.
Administrative Order No. 2009-0016 of 20 May
2009 of the Department of Health sets forth Policies and Guidelines on the
Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of the Human
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The Order
is designed to be used by health care providers nationwide. It describes the different components of
PMTCT at all levels of health care and defines the rules and responsibilities
of the Department of Health offices and other agencies in the implementation of
of 5 December 2008 [requires the notification of HIV/AIDS and contains
additional provisions on HIV/AIDS].
Law No. 3/2007 of 16 January 2007 [needle exchange
Law No. 7/2009 of 12 February 2009, the Labor Code
[prohibits discrimination based on a chronic disease].
Order No. 1201 of 16 October
1990 of the Ministry of Health on epidemiological surveillance, prevention of
infection, and the provision of medical care to persons infected by the human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
No. 584/2002 of 29 October 2002 on measures to prevent the spread of AIDS in
Romania and to protect persons infected with HIV or suffering from AIDS.
of 24 November 2004 [on the responsibilities of various government agencies with
respect to measures to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and protect persons
living with the illness].
Penal Code, 17 July 2009 [prohibits the
transmission of HIV].
No. 38 of 30 March 1995 on the prevention of the spread in the Russian
Federation of the disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV
Strategy for the Fight against HIV/AIDS, 2005.
The Prevention and Control of HIV and AIDS Act,
2007, 15 June 2007.
for Voluntary Confidential Counselling and Testing in Sierra Leone of the
Ministry of Health and Sanitation, August 2003.
Diseases Act [Part IIIA: Control of AIDS and HIV Infection].
Infectious Diseases (Amendment)
Act, 22 April 2008 [contains provisions on the offense of having sexual
relations with another person when infected with HIV].
Plan for Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management and Treatment, 19 November
Code of good practice: Key aspects of HIV/AIDS
and employment, Regulation No. 1298 of 1 December 2000.
Promotion of Equality and Prevention of
Unfair Discrimination Act, 2000.
Equity Act, 1998 (Act No. 55 of 1998), 12 October 1998.
Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related
Matters) Amendment Act, 2007 (Act No. 32 of 2007), 13 December 2007 [contains
provisions on investigation and testing of HIV related sexual offenses].
Policy Document on HIV/AIDS and STD Prevention and
Strategy to Combat HIV/AIDS and Certain Other Communicable Diseases, 2006.
Law No. 323 of 11 May 2006 on the exchange of
syringes and hypodermic needles.
Order No. 17/T of 30
March 1991 of the Ministry of Health, as amended through Order No. 122/T of 13
July 1993 [testing and general provisions, summary].
Law of 15
December 2005 on countering HIV/AIDS, as amended through Law No. 476 of 31
419 of 15 May 1997 on Protection of public health, as amended through Law No.
532 of 19 May 2009.
Policy on HIV/AIDS, September 2001.
Tanzania Commission for AIDS Act, 2001 (Act No.
22 of 2001), 9 January 2001.
HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, 2008 (Act No. 28 of 2008), 4 April
National Plan for the Prevention and Alleviation of HIV/AIDS in Thailand
Act No. 921-71 of 27 July 1992 on communicable diseases [summary]UNISIA.
on HIV/AIDS testing in Turkmenistan, 7 June 1995.
No.1972-XII On Prevention of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and
Social Protection of Population, 12 December 1991.
of 14 April 2009 [amends the Law on the prevention of AIDS and social
No. N 740/1030/4154/321/614a of 23 November 2007 [on measures on the prevention
of mother-child HIV transmission and social support to HIV-infected
children and their families].
Law of 19 August
1999 on preventive maintenance of disease caused by AIDS.
on Medical Testing to Reveal Infection by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (AIDS)
and on Preventative Observations
Decision of the
Cabinet No. 1 of 5 January 2009 [approves measures to strengthen the fight
No. 14 of 6 April 2007 [amends the Family Code to do provide the a marriage
will be invalid if one spouse entered the marriage suffering from a sexually
transmitted disease or AIDS and concealing that fact and the deceived spouse
requests that the marriage be declared invalid].
No. SG-439 of 26 August 1994 of the Ministry of Health and Social Assistance
Ordinance of 31
May 1995 on the Prevention and Fight Against HIV-AIDS Infection.
34-CP of 1 June 1996 of the Government Guiding the Implementation of the
Ordinance on the Prevention and Control of HIV-AIDS Infection.
on the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS, 2006.
No. 108/2007/ND-CP of 26 June 2007 [implements the above Act].
Decision No. 647/QD-BYT, 22 February 2007
[voluntary testing and counseling Guidelines].
HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Policy, 2005.
Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Protocol Guidelines,
Relations (HIV and AIDS) Regulations (Statutory Instrument No. 2002 of 1998),
14 August 1998
Policy on HIV/AIDS for the Republic of Zimbabwe, December 1999.