LAWS OF THE WORLD ON CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

 

This page provides links to laws of children and adolescents from the following countries:

 

 

ALBANIA

 

Law No. 8733 of 24 January 2001 amending Law No. 7895 of 27 January 1995, the Penal Code.

 

Among other things, this Law amends the Penal Code with respect to punishment for sexual offenses committed against minors and trafficking in persons, in particular women and children.

 

AUSTRIA

 

Law amending the laws relating to children, 29 December 2000

 

Amendments of 9 April 1999 to the Youth Welfare Law

 

Law amending the Criminal Law, 1998

 

Among other things, this Law amends provisions of the Criminal Code dealing with sexual offenses committed against minors.

 

BANGLADESH

 

Oppression of Women and Children (Special Provisions) Act, 1995 (Act No. 18 of 1995)

 

BELARUS 

 

Law on the Rights of the Child, 25 October 2000

 

BELGIUM

 

Law of 28 December 2000 on the criminal protection of minors

 

BELIZE

 

Families and Children Act, 1998 (Act No. 17 of 1998), 8 July 1998, as amended through 1999

 

BERMUDA

 

Children Act 1998 (Act No. 38 of 1998), 17 July 1998.

 

Children Amendment Act 2002 (Act No. 36 of 2002, 30 December 2002

 

BULGARIA

 

Child Protection Act, 31 May 2000

 

BURMA

 

The Child Law, 14 July 1993

 

CAMBODIA

 

Act of 29 February 1996 on the Suppression of the Kidnapping, Trafficking and Exploitation of Human Beings

 

CANADA

 

Act to amend the Criminal Code (child prostitution, child sex tourism, criminal harassment and female genital mutilation), 25 April 1997

 

Youth Criminal Justice Act, 19 February 2002

 

CHINA

 

Child Development Program for the 1990s

 

COLOMBIA

 

Law No. 679 of 3 August 2001

 

This Law sets forth measures to prevent and reverse the exploitation of minors, child pornography, and sexual tourism with minors, in application of Article 44 of the Constitution.

 

COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANAS

 

Public Law No. 12-56 of 25 June 2001

 

This Act provides for the protection of minors and the prosecution of persons who are charged or convicted of a crime to commit child abuse or neglect and amends duties to report such crimes. 

 

COSTA RICA

 

Law No. 8261 of 24 April 2002, the General Law on Young Persons

 

Decree No. 30622-C of 12 August 2002, Regulations to the General law on Young Persons

 

Law No. 7739 of 6 January 1998, the Code of Children and Adolescents, as amended through Law No. 8237 of 9 April 2002

 

Law No. 7735 of 19 December 1997, the General Law on the Protection of Adolescent Mothers (Law No. 7735), as amended through Law No. 8312 of 30 September 2002

 

 

CYPRUS

 

Law No. 3(1) of 2000, Combating of Trafficking in Persons and Sexual Exploitation of Children Law of 2000

 

DENMARK

 

The Child Law (No. 460) of 7 June 2001

 

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

 

National Regulations and Procedures for the integral care of adolescents

 

ECUADOR

 

Law No. 2001-49 of 16 October 2001, the Youth Law

 

Law No. 1890-A of 17 September 2001

 

This Law amends the Law on Minors.

 

EL SALVADOR

 

Decree No. 642 of 17 June 1999

 

Among other things, this Decree amends Articles 159, 161-163 of the Penal Code to strengthen provisions of the Code dealing with sexual crimes committed against minors and incapable persons.

 

ESTONIA

 

Law on Childhood Protection of 8 June 1992, as amended through 28 January 1998

 

Act to Regulate Dissemination of Works which Contain Pornography or Promote Violence or Cruelty, as amended through July 2002

 

FRANCE

 

Law No. 2000-196 of 6 March 2000 establishing a Defender of Children

 

Law No. 2000-197 of 6 March 2000 designed to strengthen the role of the school in the prevention of acts of mistreatment against minors

 

Law No. 98-468 of 17 June 1998 on the prevention and repression of sex offenses and on the protection of minors

 

GABON

 

Law No. 01/2000 defining general measures for the health and social protection of mothers and children

 

GERMANY

 

Youth Protection Law, 23 July 2002

 

Sixth Law on amending the Penal Code, 26 January 1998

 

Among other things, this Law amends the Penal Code with respect to sexual offenses committed against Germany

 

Law Improving the Rights of the Child, 9 April 2002

 

GUATEMALA

 

Decree No. 27-03 of 4 June 2003, Law for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents

 

HAITI

 

Law of 10 September 2001

 

This Law prohibits all kinds of inhumane treatment of children, including corporal punishment.

 

HONG KONG

 

Prevention of Child Pornography Ordinance (Ordinance No. 31 of 2003), 17 July 2003

 

Protection of Children and Juveniles ordinance, as amended through 30 June 1997

 

ICELAND

 

Child Protection Act, No. 80 of 2002

 

Law No. 20 of 22 May 1992 in the version of Law No. 37 of 30 April 1993, the Law on the Legal Position of Children

 

INDIA 

 

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 (Act No. 56 of 2000, 30 December 2000

 

IRELAND

 

Children Act, 2001 (Act No. 24 of 2001), 8 July 2001

 

JAPAN

 

Law for Punishing Acts Related to Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, and for Protecting Children

 

LATVIA

 

Protection of the Rights of the Child Law, 8 July 1988, as amended through 18 May 2000

 

LUXEMBOURG

 

Law of 31 May 1999.

 

This Law has the objective of strengthening measures against the trafficking in human beings and the sexual exploitation of children and minors.

 

MACAU

 

Decree-Law No. 65/99/M of 25 October 1999

 

This Decree-Law has the objective of regulating a new system for the education and social protection of minors between the ages of 12 and 16 who have committed offenses or are at risk.

 

Law No. 9/1999 of 20 December 1999.

 

This Law amends Decree-Law No. 65/99/M of 25 October 1999.

 

MADAGASCAR

 

Ordinance No. 62-038 of 19 September 1962 on the protection of children

 

Law No. 98-024 of 25 January 1999 reformulating the Penal Code with respect to pedophilia

 

MALI

 

Ordinance No. 02-062/P-RM of 5 June 2002 setting forth the Code of Child Protection.

 

MALAYSIA

 

Child Act 2001, 15 February 2001

 

MALTA

 

Children and Young Persons (Care Orders) Act as amended through Act No. 13 of 2002

 

Child Abduction and Custody Act, Act No. 13 of 1999, as amended by Act No. 6 of 2001

 

MEXICO

 

Law for the Protection of Children and Adolescents, 23 May 2000, as amended through 2003

 

MOLDOVA

 

Law No. 338=XIII of 15 December 1994 on the rights of the child, as amended through Law No. 1001-XV of 19 April 2002

 

MONACO

 

Law No. 1203 of 13 July 1998 amending and completing Article 265 of the Penal Code and Article 8 of the Code of Penal Procedures

 

This Law amends the Penal Code with respect to the sexual exploitation of minors.

 

MOROCCO

 

Decree setting forth Law No. 1-93-165 of 10 September 1993 on abandoned children

 

NICARAGUA

 

Law No. 392 of 9 May 2001, Law on the Promotion of the Integral Development of Youth

 

Law No. 351 of 18 May 2000

 

This Law has the objective of setting forth the organization and functioning of the National Council for the Care and Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents and the Office of the Defender of Children and Adolescents, created by the Code of Children and Adolescents.

 

Executive Decree No. 63-2000 of 26 July 2000

 

This Decree sets forth regulations to Law No. 351 of 18 May 2000.

 

PANAMA

 

Law No. 29 of 13 June 2002

 

This Law has the objective of guaranteeing pregnant adolescents the right to receive integral health care, to remain in the educational system, and to receive legal protection if it is so required.

 

PARAGUAY

 

Law No. 1680 of 27 December 2000, the Code of Children and Adolescents

 

PERU

 

Law No. 27558 of 22 November 2001

 

This Law is designed to promote the education of female rural children and adolescents in conditions of equality.

 

Law No. 27802 of 28 July 2002

 

This Law establishes the regulatory and institutional framework of the Government's activities with respect to its policy towards youth.

 

Law No. 27337 of 2 August 2000 approving the Code of Children and Adolescents

 

Law No. 27473 of 5 June 2001

 

This Law amends Article 77 of Law No. 27337.

 

Law No. 27571 of 4 December 2001

 

This Law amends Article 51 of Law No. 27337.

 

Law No. 26518 of 4 August 1995 approving the Law of the National System for Integral Attention to Children and Adolescents

 

Law No. 26621 of 13 June 1996

 

This Law amends Law No. 26518.

 

Law No. 27637 of 15 January 2002

 

This Law creates a national network of places of temporary refuge for minors who are the victims of sex offenses and in a situation of risk or abandonment.

 

PHILIPPINES

 

Republic Act No. 8972 of 7 November 2000

 

This Act has the objective of developing a comprehensive program of services for solo parents and their children to be carried out by various governmental and non-governmental agencies.

 

Republic Act No. 8972 of 7 November 2000

 

This Act promulgates a comprehensive policy and a national system for early childhood care and development (ECCD).

 

PORTUGAL

 

Law No. 90/2001 of 20 August 2001

 

This Law sets forth social measures for the protection of mothers and fathers who are students

 

Law No. 147/99 of 18 August 1999, the Law on the protection of children and youth at risk

 

Decree-Law No. 332B/2000 of 30 December 2000

 

This Decree-Law sets forth Regulations to Law No. 147/99 of 18 August 1999.

 

SIERRA LEONE

 

National Youth Policy, 30 June 2003

 

SINGAPORE

 

Children and Young Persons Act, as amended through Act No. 20 of 2001

 

SOUTH AFRICA

 

Child Care Amendment Act, 1996 (Act No. 96 of 1996), 12 November 1996

 

Welfare Laws Amendment Act, 1997 (Act No. 106 of 1997), 27 November 1997  

 

This Act amends the Child Care Act.

 

SPAIN

 

Organic Law No. 5/2000 of 12 January 2000 regulating the criminal responsibility of minors

 

Organic law No. 11/1999 of 30 April 1999 amending Title VIII of Book II of the Penal Code, approved by Organic Law No. 10/1995 of 23 November 1995

 

This Law amends provisions of the Penal Code dealing with sexual offenses to strengthen protections, particularly with respect to minors and persons who are incapacitated.

 

TAIWAN

 

Children and Youth Welfare Law, 28 May 2003

 

TANZANIA

 

Sexual Offences Special Provisions Act, 1998 (Act No. 4 of 1998), 1 July 1998

 

This Act is designed to strengthen provisions of the Penal Code prohibiting sex offenses and other offenses committed against children and minors.

  

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

 

Children (Amendment) Act 2000 (Act No. 68 of 2000), 23 October 2000

 

The Children’s Authority Act, 2000 (Act No. 64 of 2000) of 2 November 2000

 

TUNISIA

 

Code for the Protection of Children, as amended through Law No. 2002-41 of 17 April 2002

 

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

 

Criminal Justice and Court services Act 2000 (Chapter 43 of 2000), 20 November 2000

 

Part II of the Act introduces measures to complete the establishment of an integrated system for the protection of children.

 

Protection of Children Act 1999 (Chapter 14 of 1999), 15 July 1999

 

Adoption and Children Act 2002 (Chapter 38 of 2002), 7 November 2002

 

VENEZUELA

 

National Youth Law, 14 March 2002

 

VIET NAM

 

Programme of Action for Protection of Children with Special Circumstances in 1999-2000, 31 May 1999

 

Law on Protection, Care and Education of Children, 12 August 1991