Egypt.  Order No. 261 of 8 July 1996 of the Minister of Health and Population. (Office of Asylum Affairs, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, Female GenitalMutilation (FGM) in Egypt, 1997, p. 3.)


It is forbidden to perform circumcision on females either in hospitals or public or private clinics.  The procedure can only be performed in cases of disease and when approved by the head of the obstetrics and gynecology department at the hospital, and upon the suggestion of the treating physician.  Performance of this operation will be considered a violation of the laws governing the medical profession.  Nor is this operation to be performed by non-physicians.