LAWS OF THE WORLD ON FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

 

This page provides links to laws and policies of the world dealing with female genital mutilation.  It does not include references to laws that establish committees or bodies to study the issue or general criminal law provisions that could be applied to female genital mutilation, but do not refer to the procedure specifically (updated as of 2 February 2010).

 

 

 


Australia
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY

 

Crimes (Amendment) Act (No. 3) 1995.

 

Australia—New South Wales

 

Crimes Act 1900 [Section 45] [initially enacted by Act (No. 58 of 1994) to amend the Crimes Act 1900 to prohibit female genital mutilation, 22 September 1994].

 

AustraliaNorthern Territory

 

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nt/consol_act/ccotntoa498/index.html">Criminal Code of the Northern Territory of Australia [Section 186A-186D] [initially enacted by the Criminal Code Amendment Act (No. 2) 1995, 28 December 1995].

 

AustraliaSouth Australia

 

Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 [Sections 32-33B] [initially enacted by the Statutes Amendment (Female Genital Mutilation and Child Protection) Act 1995 (Act No. 24 of 1995), 27 April 1995].

 

AustraliaVictoria

 

Crimes (Female Genital Mutilation) Act 1996 (Act No. 46 of 1996), 26 November 1996. 

 

Belgium

 

Law of 28 November 2000 on the criminal protection of minors [Article 29]. 

 

Burkina Faso

 

Law No. 43/96/ADP of 13 November 1996, the Penal Code [Articles 380-382].

 

CANADA

Act to amend the Criminal Code (child prostitution, child sex tourism, criminal harassment and female genital mutilation), 25 April 1997 [Section 5], as incorporated into the Criminal Code as Section 268.

 

CHAD

 

Law No. 006/PR/2002 of 15 April 2002, on the promotion of reproductive health.

 

CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF

 

Law No. 06/018 of 20 July 2006 [amends the Penal Code with respect to female genital mutilation].

 

DENMARK

 

Law No. 490 of 17 June 2008 [amends the Penal Code to bring within Danish jurisdiction female genital mutilation carried out outside the country by or against a person with a Danish connection].

 

Djibouti

 

Penal Code, 1995 [Article 333].

 

Decree No. 2008-0098/PR/MS of 7 April 2008, the Code of Medical Ethics.


National Health Development Plan 2008-2012.

 

EGYPT

 

Order No. 261 of 8 July 1996 of the Minister of Health and Population.

 

Law No. 126 of 2008 amending the provisions of the Child Law, 15 June 2008.

 

France

 

Penal Code; Decree No. 95-1000 of 6 September 1995 setting forth the Code of Medical Ethics [Article 41].

 

Ghana

 

An Act (484 of 1994) to amend the Criminal Code, 1960 (Act 29) to include in the Code the offence of female circumcisions and for connected purposes, 4 August 1994.

 

Criminal Code (Amendment) Act, 2007 (Act No. 741), 7 August 2007.

 

Guinea

 

Decree No. D/96/205/PRG/SGG of 5 December 1996 promulgating the Code of Medical Deontology [Article 40].

 

Ivory Coast

 

Law No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 on the repression of certain forms of violence against women.

 

Madagascar

 

Decree No. 98-945 of 4 December 1998 setting forth the Code of Medical Ethics [Article 39].

 

MALI

Ordinance No. 02-053/P-RM of 4 June 2002 creating a National Program to Fight the Practice of Female Genital Mutilation.

 

Circular No. 0019/MSP-AG-SG of 7 January 1999 of the Ministry of Health, the Aged, and Solidarity [prohibits the performance of female genital mutilation in health establishments]. 

.

MAURITANIA

 

Ordinance No. 2005-015 of 5 December 2005.

 

New Zealand

 

Crimes Act (1961-1999) Act No. 20 of 1999 [Sections 204A-205A] [initially enacted by the Crimes Amendment Act 1995 (Act No. 49 of 1995), 2 August 1995].

NIGER

 

Law of 24 May 2006, Law on Reproductive Health.

 

NORWAY

 

Law No. 74 of 15 December 1995 prohibiting female genital mutilation.

 

Law No. 74 of 19 June 2009 [amends the Penal Code with respect to female genital mutilation].

 

Action Plan for Combating Female Genital Mutilation, 2008.

 

SENEGAL

 

Law No. 99-05 of 25 January 1999 amending various provisions of the Penal Code [Article 2], as incorporated into the Penal Code, Article 299bis.

 

South Africa

 

Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act, 2000 (Act No. 4 of 2000) [Section 8].

 

SPAIN

 

Organic Law No. 11/2003 of 29 September 2003 on measures relating to the safety of citizens, domestic violence, and the social integration of foreigners.

 

Sweden

 

Law No. 316 of 27 May 1982 prohibiting female circumcision.

 

Tanzania

 

Sexual Offences Special Provisions Act, 1998 (Act No. 4 of 1998), 1 July 1998 [Section 21].

 

Togo

 

Law No. 98-016 of 17 November 1998 prohibiting female genital mutilation in Togo.

 

Law No. 2007-017 of 6 July 2007, the Children’s Code.

Uganda

 

The Children Statute 1996 (Statute No. 6 of 1996) [Section 8].

 

United Kingdom

 

Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (Chapter 31 of 2003), 30 October 2003.

 

United States

 

Public Law No. 104-208, 30 September 1996 [Sections 579, 644, and 645].

 

ZIMABABWE

 

Domestic Violence Act, 26 February 2007.