Publications

Publications

Shapiro RL. The effects of tropical deforestation on human health. PSR Quarterly. 1993;3:126-35. 

Shapiro RL, Altekruse S, Hutwagner L, Bishop R, Hammond R, Wilson S, Ray B, Thompson S, Tauxe RV, Griffin PM. The role of Gulf Coast oysters harvested in warmer months in Vibrio vulnificus infections in the United States, 1988-1996. Vibrio Working Group. J Infect Dis 1998;178(3):752-9. 

Shapiro RL, Ackers ML, Lance S, Rabbani M, Schaefer L, Daugherty J, Thelen C. and Swerdlow D. Salmonella Thompson associated with improper handling of roast beef at a restaurant in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. J Food Prot 1999;62:118-22. 

Shapiro RL, Otieno MR, Adcock PM, Phillips-Howard PA, Hawley WA, Kumar L, Waiyaki P, Nahlen BL, Slutsker L. Transmission of epidemic Vibrio cholerae O1 in rural western Kenya associated with drinking water from Lake Victoria: an environmental reservoir for cholera? Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999;60(2):271-6. 

Shapiro RL, Kumar L, Phillips-Howard P, Wells JG, Adcock P, Brooks J, Ackers ML, Ochieng JB, Mintz E, Wahlquist S, Waiyaki P, Slutsker L. Antimicrobial-resistant bacterial diarrhea in rural western Kenya. J Infect Dis 2001;183(11):1701-4. 

Shapiro RL, Lockman S, Thior I, Stocking L, Kebaabetswe P, Wester C, Peter T, Marlink R, Essex M, Heymann SJ. Low adherence to recommended infant feeding strategies among HIV-infected women: results from the pilot phase of a randomized trial to prevent mother-to-child transmission in Botswana. AIDS Educ Prev 2003;15(3):221-30. 

Shapiro RL, Holland DT, Capparelli E, Lockman S, Thior I, Wester C, Stevens L, Peter T, Essex M, Connor JD, and Mirochnick M. Antiretroviral concentrations in breastfeeding infants in Botswana. J Infect Dis 2005; 192:720-7. 

Shapiro RL, Ndung’u T, Lockman S, Smeaton LM, Thior I, Wester C, Stevens L, Sebetso G, Gaseitsiwe S, Peter T, Essex M. Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Started in Pregnancy or Postpartum Suppresses HIV-1 RNA but Not HIV-1 DNA in Breast Milk. J Infect Dis 2005; 192:713-9.

Shapiro RL, Thior I, Gilbert PB, et al. Maternal single-dose nevirapine vs. placebo as part of an antiretroviral strategy to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana. AIDS 2006;20:1281-8.

Shapiro RL, Lockman S, Kim S, Smeaton L, Rahkola JT, Thior I, Wester C, Moffat C, Arimi P, Ndase P, Asmelash A, Stevens L, Montano M, Makhema J, Essex M, and Janoff EN. Infant Morbidity, Mortality, and Breast Milk Immunologic Profiles among Breastfeeding HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Women in Botswana. J Infect Dis 2007; 196:562-9.

Shapiro RL, Smeaton L, Lockman, S, Thior I, Rossenkhan R, Wester C,  Stevens L, Moffat C, Arimi P, Ndase P, Asmelash A, Leidner J, Novitsky V, Makhema J, Essex M. Early and Late Risk Factors for HIV-transmission from Breastfeeding among Infants Born to HIV-infected Women in a Randomized Clinical Trial in Botswana. J Infect Dis 2009; 199:414-8.

Kawashima Y, Pfafferott K,  Frater J, Matthews P, Payne, Addo M, Gatanaga H, Fujiwara M, Hachiya A, Koizumi H, Kuse N, Oka S, Brumme Z, Brumme C, Allen T, Brander C, Kaslow R, Tang J, Hunter E, Allen S, Mulenga J, Branch S, Roach T, John M, Mallal S,  Ogwu A, Shapiro R, Duda A, Prendergast A, Crawford H, Leslie A, Prado J, Pybus OG, Klenerman P, Ndung’u T, Phillips R, Heckerman D, Harrigan PR, Walker BD, Takiguchi M, Goulder P.  Adaptation of HIV-1 to HLA 1. Nature 2009;458(7238):641-5.

Shapiro RL, Hughes MD, Ogwu A, Kitch D, Lockman S, Moffat C, Makhema J, Moyo S, Thior I, McIntosh K, van Widenfelt E, Leidner J, Powis K, Asmelash A, Tumbare E, Zwerski S, Sharma U, Handelsman E, Mburu K, Jayeoba O, Moko E, Souda S, Lubega E, Akhtar M, Wester C, Tuomola R, Snowden W, Martinez-Tristani M, Mazhani L, and Essex M. Antiretroviral Regimens in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding in Botswana. N Engl J Med 2010; 362:2282-94.