Project 1: Childhood Sleep Patterns

Sleep duration, energy balance, and insulin resistance in children

project 1_sleep baby

This project will be led by Elsie Taveras, MD, MPH, a pediatrician and  epidemiologist whose clinical practice and research focuses on the prevention of obesity in children. In this project, Dr. Taveras will investigate the role of sleep duration and sleep patterns in early childhood as risk factors for obesity and  metabolic dysfunction in adolescence.

 
The specific aims are:
• to examine the extent to which short sleep duration in infancy, chronic insufficient sleep from infancy to mid-childhood, and sleep duration and efficiency at age 11 years are associated with adiposity, fat mass distribution, metabolic syndrome, and cancer-related biomarkers
• to examine the extent to which these associations are mediated by dietary behaviors, the composition of diet, and physical activity/inactivity behaviors (e.g., television viewing)
• to examine the extent to which these associations are modified by genetic factors related to sleep duration and either insulin resistance or beta-cell function

Dr. Taveras uses data from Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort study (birth to age 11 years) and the Cleveland Children’s Sleep and Health Study cohort (ages 8 to 19 years) to provide information on sleep, behavioral risk factors, and obesity across the entire pediatric age span.

This project translates the results of observational studies into behavioral interventions and turn the research findings into theory-based behavioral interventions aimed at modifying sleep patterns during infancy and early childhood. This project will not only advance the current understanding of the long-term effects of sleep disorders during infancy and early childhood on body composition and metabolic function, but also will generate knowledge that can be immediately turned into action to prevent any long-term health consequences that abnormal sleep patterns might have on children. This project will also generate novel data on the moderating role of genetic variants that influence sleep and circadian rhythms in obesity and insulin resistance.

Please view the below sites for recent publications and media coverage!

Television Viewing, Bedroom Television, and Sleep Duration from Infancy to Mid-Childhood

TV again tied to poor sleep among kids

Long-term study supports detrimental effects of television viewing on sleep in young children

Too Much TV Time Linked To Poorer Sleep In Kids – Forbes.com

Television viewing can impact children’s sleep quality and health – Examiner.com

TV Can Disrupt Sleep in Young Children – PsychCentral.com

Longer TV hours linked to reduced sleep in children – Press TV (Iran)