Country: Global

Marie Curie Outgoing International Fellowship (CARDIORES)

Ambient particulate air pollution has been associated with increases in morbidity and mortality. Studies suggest that air pollution impacts the underlying frailty of the population, but can also trigger events. Traffic related particulate air pollution may be of special concern.…

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Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants

Toxic effects to the nervous system may become detectable only after a latent period when the deficits become unmasked as a result of age-related degenerative processes. Initial neurotoxic damage may have happened during development, but retrospective exposure assessment could be…

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Measurement Errors in Cancer Epidemiology

Exposure measurement errors in cancer epidemiology pose special methodolologic challenges. For example, nutritional exposures form the basis for many etiologic hypotheses concerning cancer. However, nutrient intake is difficult to measure precisely. Other important examples considered in this study include genomic…

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Lung Disease in Chinese Textile Workers

The objective of this study is to determine the rate of loss in lung function among cotton dust-exposed workers at various levels of dust exposure and evaluating the relationship of exposure to gram-negative bacterial endotoxin and acute and chronic lung…

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AIDS Prevention Research Project

The main goal of this study is to create a research project at Harvard University that supports high-quality, scientific research to investigate the role of character education and behavioral intervention programs in reducing the transmission of HIV/AIDS.

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The Safer Surgery Saves Lives Project

This year the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Safer Surgery Program endorsed pulse oximetry use as a minimum standard wherever in the world general anesthesia is administered. Pulse oximetry is a basic standard of safe anesthesia care in industrialized nations. However,…

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HIV/AIDS Interventions in Resource-Scarce Settings: Using Cost Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis to Help Guide Policy and Action

National governments are turning to techniques of economic evaluation, such as cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis for prioritizing alternative treatment and care strategies among competing effective programs and identifying these best approaches. The HIV/AIDS Interventions in Developing Countries: Using Cost Benefit…

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Human Rights-Based Approaches to Programming

This Program is implementing a project that seeks to promote the inclusion of human rights standards and principles in UNFPA’s development agenda at the country level, and influence advocacy and policy as well as programming initiatives, in all phases of…

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