Global Burden of Disease 2007 Study

Country/Countries:
,

Principal Investigator:
Christopher Murray, Adjunct Professor of Population Policy

Department:
Department of Global Health and Population/HIGH Population Health Metrics and Priority Setting

Dates of Research:
March 6, 2007 — March 6, 2008

Description:

This project will build upon the work undertaken in the Global Burden of Disease 2000 in Aging Populations program project. It will bring together data management, methods development, and empirical analysis. The research themes will focus on mortality, causes of death, risk factors, summary measures of health, self-reported health, and forecasting. Taken together, the projects will strengthen the evidence base in various aspects of population health measurement. There will be a heavy emphasis on analyzing survey data to glean information useful to policymakers. The objectives will be to: Develop methods for measuring and estimating levels and patterns of adult mortality in settings with incomplete vital registration data; Enhance the comparability of medical certification of causes of death across different medical cultures and technological settings; Determine how much of the health trends in the past 50 years in high-income countries can be explained by major non-communicable disease risk factors (i.e. tobacco, alcohol, physical activity, obesity, hypertension, cholesterol and fruit and vegetable intake); Improve the technology of risk factor measurement; Develop robust health forecasts for high- and middle-income countries; Assess criterion validity of self-reported health measures; Strengthen the evidence base on the relationship between disease events and subsequent levels of disability. The work will focus on the practical application of methods developed and the value of information and tools provided to those making key decisions in health policy.