Health, Poverty and Place: Modeling Inequalities in Accra Using RS and GIS

Country/Countries:
,

Principal Investigator:
Allan Hill, Andelot Professor of Demography

Department:
Ctr for Population Studies

Dates of Research:
August 1, 2007 — June 30, 2012

Description:

This project, through a detailed analysis of spatial disparities in health in Accra, Ghana, aims to provide a model for the interpretation of urban health inequalities in cities in poor countries. Using Accra, the study will generate four products by methods that hopefully will serve as templates for comparative analyses of other major cities in the developing world. The project will produce a geographical synopsis of the differentials in health and mortality within the urban area in a format immediately accessible to government and the development agencies tasked with the improvement of health overall and with the reduction of health inequalities; map the distribution of poverty (both income and wealth) in the city and assess its spatial association with selected health and mortality outcomes; using remote sensing and GIS technology, measure the association of adverse health and mortality outcomes with neighborhood ecology, including the association with spatial measures derived from observations of physical features and built structures visible both from multi-spectral satellite imagery and from aerial photography; and assess the additional contribution of community-level variables including social organization and institutions to the production of inequalities in health and mortality.