Pollutant-Related Diabetes in the Nurses’ Health Study II

Country/Countries:

Principal Investigator:
Qi Sun, Co-PI/Project Leader; Philippe Grandjean, Co-PI, Adjunct Professor of Environmental Health

Dates of Research:
June 14, 2013 — February 28, 2018

Description:

Using the Nurses’ Health Study II, we aim to evaluate PCBs, DDE, HCB, and PFCs in relation to 1) subsequent weight gain, 2) development of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes, and 3) markers of insulin resistance/glucose metabolism abnormalities, including fasting insulin, hemoglobin-A1c, and total adiponectin, in young and middle-aged women who participated in a well-characterized prospective cohort:
Moreover, in 1994-1995, blood samples were provided by approximately 30,000 NHS II participants, who comprised the study population for the current investigation. Among these participants, we will conduct a nested case-control study of type 2 diabetes, which is expected to include 1,050 incident type 2 diabetes cases at age 45 or older and the equal number of matched controls. Rigorous quality control protocol and processes have been and will be continuously applied in the NHS II cohort to ensure the highest quality of research data. In addition, we have assembled an outstanding research team comprised of well-established researchers in multi-disciplinary fields including environmental health, nutrition, and biostatistics that will ensure the successful implementation of the project. In summary, the current investigation will provide novel and critical evidence that will not only greatly expand our knowledge of the diabetogenic effects of POPs, but also inform public health policy-making to help prevent obesity and T2D.