Recent Publications

Selected Recent Publications

  1. Huber-Krum, Sarah, Aayush Khadka, Elina Pradhan, Julia Rohr, Mahesh Puri, Dev Maharjan, Saugat Joshi, Iqbal Shah, and David Canning, “The Effect of Antenatal Counseling and Intrauterine Device Insertion Services on Postpartum Contraceptive Use in Nepal: Results from a Stepped-Wedge Randomized Controlled Trial,” Contraception, 2020,
  2. Sato, Ryoko, Bilikisu. Elewonibi, Sia Msuya, Rachel Manongi, David Canning and Iqbal Shah. “Why do women discontinue contraception and what are the post-discontinuation outcomes? Evidence from the Arusha Region, Tanzania.” Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 2020, 28(1).
  3. Bilikisu Elewonibi, Ryoko Sato, Rachel Manongi, Sia Msuya, Iqbal Shah, and David Canning, “The Distance-Quality Tradeoff in Women’s Choice of Family Planning Provider in North Eastern Tanzania,” BMJ Global Health, 2020, 5(2),
  4. Ozcelik, Ece; Rohr, Julia; Hackett, Kristy ; Shah, Iqbal; and Canning, David, “Applying inverse probability weighting to measure contraceptive prevalence using data from a community-based reproductive health intervention in Pakistan,” forthcoming in International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.
  5. Karra, Mahesh, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan, Ranjith de Silva, Arnjali Samarasekera, David Canning, Iqbal Shah, Deepal Weerasekera, and Hemantha Senanayake, “The Effect of a Postpartum IUD (PPIUD) Intervention on Counselling and Choice: Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Stepped-Wedge Trial in Sri Lanka,” Trials, 2019, 20(407),
  6. Karra, Mahesh, Erin Pearson, David Canning, Iqbal Shah, Ranjith de Silva, and Arnjali Samarasekera, “Ethnolinguistic Concordance and Receipt of Postpartum IUD (PPIUD) Counseling Services in Sri Lanka,” International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2019, 44(4), pp. 133-145,  “” .
  7. Pradhan, Elina, David Canning, Iqbal Shah, Mahesh Puri, Erin Pearson, Kusum Thapa, Lata Bajracharya, Manju Maharjan, Dev C. Maharjan, Lata Bajracharya, Ganga Shakya, and Pushpa Chaudhary, “Integrating Postpartum Contraceptive Counseling and IUD Insertion Services into Maternity Care in Nepal: Results from Stepped-Wedge Randomized Controlled Trial,” Reproductive Health, 2019, 16(69),
  8. Goyal, Nihit, Mahesh Karra and David Canning, “Early-Life Exposure to Ambient Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Pooled Evidence from 43 Low- and Middle-Income Countries”, International Journal of Epidemiology, 2019, 48(4), 1125–1141,
  9. Riumallo-Herl, Carlos, Chodziwadziwa Kabudula, and David Canning, “Health Inequalities in the South African Elderly: The Importance of the Measure of Social-Economic Status,” Journal of the Economics of Aging, 2019, 14,
  10. Kobayashi, Lindsay C., Sarah Frank, Carlos Riumallo-Herl, David Canning, Lisa Berkman, “Socioeconomic gradients in chronic disease risk behaviors in a population-based study of older adults in rural South Africa,” International Journal of Public Health, 2019, 64(1), 135-145. Doi:
  11. Miller, Ray, Neha Bairoliya, and David Canning, “Health Disparities and the Socioeconomic Gradient in Elderly Life-Cycle Consumption,” Journal of the Economics of Aging. 2019, 14, 100176, 20pp, Doi:
  12. Riumallo-Herl, Carlos, David Canning, and Joshua A. Salomon. “Measuring health and economic wellbeing in the Sustainable Development Goals era: development of a poverty-free life expectancy metric and estimates for 90 countries.” The Lancet Global Health, 2018, 6(8), e843-e858. Doi:

Selected Older Publications by Area

Health to Wealth

  1. Bloom, David E., and David Canning. “The health and wealth of nations.” Science, 2000, 287.5456: 1207-1209.
  2. Bloom, David E., David Canning, and Jaypee Sevilla. “The effect of health on economic growth: a production function approach.” World Development 32.1 (2004): 1-13.
  3. Alsan, Marcella, David E. Bloom, and David Canning. “The effect of population health on foreign direct investment inflows to low-and middle-income countries.” World Development 34.4 (2006): 613-630.
  4. Bloom, David E., David Canning, Linlin Hu, Yuanli Liu, Ajay Mahal, and Winnie Yip, “The Contribution of Population Health and Demographic Change to Economic Growth in China and India,” Journal of Comparative Economics, 2010, Vol. 38(1),  pp 17-33.
  5. Bloom, David E., David Canning and Gunther Fink, “Disease and Development Revisited,” Journal of Political Economy, 2014, 122(6), pp 1355-1366.

Demographic Dividend

  1. Bloom, David E., David Canning, and Pia N. Malaney. “Population dynamics and economic growth in Asia.” Population and Development Review 26 (2000): 257-290.
  2. Bloom, David E., David Canning and Jaypee Sevilla, The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change, Population Matters Monograph MR-1274, RAND, Santa Monica, 2003.
  3. Bloom David E., David Canning and Guenther Fink, “Urbanization and the Wealth of Nations,” Science, 2008: 319, pp 772 – 775.
  4. Bloom, David E., David Canning, Guenther Fink and Jocelyn Finlay, “Fertility, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Demographic Dividend,” Journal of Economic Growth, 2009, Vol. 14(2), pp 79-101.
  5. Bloom, David E., David Canning, Günther Fink, and Jocelyn E. Finlay. “The cost of low fertility in Europe.” European Journal of Population/Revue Européenne de Démographie, 2010, 26, no. 2: 141-158.
  6. Canning, David and Paul T. Schultz, “The Economic Consequences of Reproductive Health and Family Planning,” Lancet, 2012: 380.9837, pp 165-171.
  7. Canning, David, Sangeeta Raja and Abdo S. Yazbeck,  Africa’s Demographic Transition: Dividend or Disaster? Washington D.C., The World Bank and Agence Française de Développement, 2015.
  8. Karra, M., Canning, D., & Wilde, J. The effect of fertility decline on economic growth in Africa: A macrosimulation model. Population and Development Review, 2017, 43(S1), 237-263.

Determinants of Child Health

  1. Fahrani, Mansoor, S.V. Subramanian, and David Canning, “Effects of State-Level Public Spending on Health on the Mortality Probability in India,” Health Economics, 2010, 19(11), pp 1361-1376.
  2. Fahrani, Mansoor, S.V. Subramanian, and David Canning, “The Effect of Changes in Health Sector Resources on Infant Mortality in the Short-Run and the Long-Run: a Longitudinal Econometric Analysis,” Social Science and Medicine, 2009, Vol. 68(11), pp 1918-1925.
  3. Finlay Jocelyn, Emre Ozaltin, and David Canning, “Association of Maternal Age with Infant Mortality, Child Anthropometric Failure, Diarrhoea, and Anaemia for First Births in Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” BMJ Open, 2011, Vol. 1(2), 1:e000226 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000226.
  4. Mahesh Karra, Günther Fink, David Canning; Facility distance and child mortality: a multi-country study of health facility access, service utilization, and child health outcomes, International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 46, Issue 3, 1 June 2017, Pages 817–826.
  5. Goyal, Nihit and David Canning, “Exposure to ambient fine particulate air pollution in-utero as a risk factor for child stunting in Bangladesh” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018, 15(1), 22.
  6. Goyal, Nihit, Mahesh Karra and David Canning, “Early-Life Exposure to Ambient Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Pooled Evidence from 43 Low- and Middle-Income Countries”, International Journal of Epidemiology

Value of Vaccination

  1. Canning, David, Abdur Razzaque, Julia Driessen, Damian G. Walker, Peter Kim Streatfield, and Mohammad Yunus, “The Effect of Maternal Tetanus Immunization on Children’s Schooling Attainment in Matlab, Bangladesh: Follow-up of a Randomized Trial,” Social Science and Medicine, 2011, 72(9) , pp 1429-1436.
  2. Bloom, David E., David Canning and Erica Seiguer Shenoy, “The Effect of Vaccination on Children’s Physical and Cognitive Development in the Philippines,” Applied Economics, 2012, 44(21), pp 2777-2783.
  3. McGovern, M. E., & Canning, D. (2015). Vaccination and all-cause child mortality from 1985 to 2011: Global evidence from the demographic and health surveys. American journal of epidemiology, 182(9), 791-798.
  4. Bärnighausen, Till, David E. Bloom, David Canning, Abigail Friedman, Orin S. Levine, Jennifer O’Brien, Lois Privor-Dumm, and Damian Walker. “Rethinking the benefits and costs of childhood vaccination: the example of the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.” Vaccine 29, no. 13 (2011): 2371-2380.
  5. Bloom, David E., David Canning and Mark Weston, “The Value of Vaccination,” World Economics, 2005, Vol. 6(3), pp 15-39.

Fertility, Family Planning and Reproductive Health

  1. Karra, M., Canning, D., Foster, S., Shah, I. H., Senanayake, H., Ratnasiri, U. D. P., & Pathiraja, R. P. (2017). Location and content of counselling and acceptance of postpartum IUD in Sri Lanka. Reproductive health, 14(1), 42.
  2. Karra, M., Canning, D., Hu, J., Ali, M., & Lissner, C. (2016). Community‐Based Financing of Family Planning in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. Studies in family planning, 47(4), 325-339.
  3. Canning, David, Iqbal H. Shah, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan, Mahesh Karra, Leigh Senderowicz, Till Bärnighausen, Donna Spiegelman, and Ana Langer. “Institutionalizing postpartum intrauterine device (IUD) services in Sri Lanka, Tanzania, and Nepal: study protocol for a cluster-randomized stepped-wedge trial.” BMC pregnancy and childbirth 16, no. 1 (2016): 362.
  4. Canning, David, Isabel Günther, Sebastian Linnemayr, and David Bloom. “Fertility choice, mortality expectations, and interdependent preferences—An empirical analysis.” European Economic Review 63 (2013): 273-289.


  1. Mahal, Ajay, David Canning, Kunle Odumosu, and Prosper Okonkwo. “Assessing the economic impact of HIV/AIDS on Nigerian households: a propensity score matching approach.” AIDS 22 (2008): S95-S101.
  2. Canning, David. “The economics of HIV/AIDS in low-income countries: the case for prevention.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 20.3 (2006): 121-142.
  3. Hogan, Daniel R., Joshua A. Salomon, David Canning, James K. Hammitt, Alan M. Zaslavsky, and Till Bärnighausen. “National HIV prevalence estimates for sub-Saharan Africa: controlling selection bias with Heckman-type selection models.” Sex Transm Infect 88, no. Suppl 2 (2012): i17-i23.
  4. Bärnighausen, Till, Jacob Bor, Speciosa Wandira-Kazibwe, and David Canning, “Correcting HIV Prevalence Estimates for Survey Non-Participation: an Application of Heckman-type Selection Models to the Zambian Demographic and Health Survey,” Epidemiology, 2011, 22(1), pp 27-35.
  5. McGovern, M. E., Herbst, K., Tanser, F., Mutevedzi, T., Canning, D., Gareta, D., & Bärnighausen, T. (2016). Do gifts increase consent to home-based HIV testing? A difference-in-differences study in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. International journal of epidemiology, 45(6), 2100-2109.

Population Aging

  1. Bairoliya, Neha, Ray Miller, Akshar Saxena and David Canning, “The Macroeconomic and Welfare Implications of Rural Health Insurance and Pension Reforms in China,” The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 2017,
  2. Bloom, David E., Michael J. Moore, and David Canning, “Optimal Retirement with Increasing Longevity,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2014, 116(3) pp 838–858.
  3. Bloom, David E., David Canning, Rick Mansfield and Michael Moore, “Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 2007, Vol. 54(1), pp92-114.
  4. Bloom, David E., David Canning and Bryan Graham, “Longevity and Life Cycle Savings,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2003, Vol. 105(3), pp 319-338.
  5. Bloom, David E., David Canning and Gunther Fink, “Implications of Population Ageing for Economic Growth,” Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 2010, 26.4, pp 283-612.