Area: 3,287,263 sq km Population: 1,236,344,631 Median age: total 27 years Urban population: 31.3% of total population Life expectancy: male 66.68 yr ; female 69.06 yr Diabetes prevalence: 66.8 million cases, 8.63% (national prevalence) Per capita GDP: $4,000 Language(s): Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Maithili, other. (English enjoys the status of the subsidiary official language.)
Diet Indian cuisine varies by region and religion. Northern Indians eat more flat breads, while those from southern India prefer rice. In coastal states, such as Kerala and Bengal, fish dishes are popular. Chicken and mutton (sheep) are eaten more often in mountain and plains regions. While many Hindus avoid eating beef, Muslims avoid pork. In addition, many Indians (particularly Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains) are vegetarian.
Misra A, Singhal N, Sivakumar B, Bhagat N, Jaiswal A, Khurana L: Nutrition transition in India: secular trends in dietary intake and their relationship to diet-related non-communicable diseases. J Diabetes;2011,3:278-292.
Radhika G, Sathya RM, Ganesan A, Saroja R, Vijayalakshmi P, Sudha V, Mohan V: Dietary profile of urban adult population in South India in the context of chronic disease epidemiology (CURES-68). Public Health Nutr; 2011,14:591-598.