Study Site: Abuja, Nigeria Institution: Department of Research, Institute of Human Virology, Abuja, Nigeria
Principal Investigator: Dr. Clement Adebamowo
Co-Investigator: Dr. Sally Akarolo-Anthony
Nigeria at a Glance
Area: 923,768 sq km
Median age: total: 18.2 years
Urban population: 49.6% of total population
Life expectancy: male: 51.63 yr ; female: 53.66 yr
Diabetes prevalence: 3.7 million cases, 4.6% (national prevalence)
Per capita GDP: $2,800
Language: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
The major dietary carbohydrate sources in Nigeria have traditionally included roots and tubers, usually prepared as fufu, which is a pounded mixed meal of starchy vegetables consumed with varied side dishes. Fufu is usually made with cassava, yam, plantain, corn, wheat, or rice. Other traditional foods (fufu) remain common, but variation exists among regions for staple preferences.
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