Bradburn Scale of Psychological Well-Being (Affect Balance Scale)

Citation: Bradburn NM, Noll CE. The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago, IL: Aldine, 1969.


Main positive psychological well-being construct measured: Positive affect

Sub-constructs measured: N/A

Available subscales: Positive and negative affect

Description: The Affect Balance Scale assesses positive and negative affect as indicators of life satisfaction and general well-being.

Number of items: 10 total items; 5 items assess positive affect, 5 items assess negative affect

Examples of statement/items: “During the past few weeks, did you ever feel that things were going your way?”

Response options: 1 “Yes”, 0 “No”

Total score: Items are summed, yielding a range from 0 to 5 for each subscale. Higher scores indicate greater levels of positive and higher negative affect, respectively. Note: the “Affect Balance” score, which is the difference between Positive Affect and Negative Affect scores, is sometimes used as an indicator of overall happiness.

Examples of studies:

1. Nabi, H., et al., Positive and negative affect and risk of coronary heart disease: Whitehall II prospective cohort study. Bmj, 2008. 337: p. a118.

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