1. Penninx, B. W., Guralnik, J. M., Simonsick, E. M., Kasper, J. D., Ferrucci, L., & Fried, L. P. (1998). Emotional vitality among disabled older women: The Women’s Health and Aging Study. J Am Geriatr Soc, 46(7), 807-815.
2. Kubzansky, L. D., & Thurston, R. C. (2007). Emotional vitality and incident coronary heart disease: Benefits of healthy psychological functioning. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 64(12), 1393-1401.
PMID or DOI:
1. PMID: 9670865
2. PMID: 18056547; DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.64.12.1393
Main positive psychological well-being construct measured: Emotional vitality
Sub-constructs measured: N/A
Available subscales: N/A
Description: The construct of emotional vitality has been derived from items available either in the Whitehall II cohort, in the NHANES cohort or in the Women’s Health and Aging Study thus far. Across these studies, emotional vitality overall captures the capacity to effectively regulate emotion and behavior and a sense of positive psychological well-being.
Number of items: 4 to 6 items, depending on the studies.
Example of statement/item: “How much of the time during the past 4 weeks did you feel full of life?”; “During the last month, has your daily life been full of things that were interesting to you?”; “I can do just about anything I really set my mind to.”
Response options: Various scoring exist across studies. For example, within the NHANES cohort, the 6-point Likert Scale ranges from 0 “None or not at all” to 5 “A lot or all of the time”.
Total score: Various scoring exist across studies. For example, within the NHANES cohort, the 6 items are summed, yielding a range from 0 to 30. Higher score indicates greater levels of emotional vitality.
Examples of studies:
1. Penninx, B. W., Guralnik, J. M., Bandeen-Roche, K., Kasper, J. D., Simonsick, E. M., Ferrucci, L., et al. (2000). The protective effect of emotional vitality on adverse health outcomes in disabled older women. J Am Geriatr Soc, 48(11), 1359-1366.
2. Trudel-Fitzgerald, C., Boehm, J. K., Kivimaki, M., & Kubzansky, L. D. (2014). Taking the tension out of hypertension: a prospective study of psychological well being and hypertension. J Hypertens, 32(6), 1222-1228.
3. Lambiase, M. J., Kubzansky, L. D., & Thurston, R. C. (2015). Positive psychological health and stroke risk: The benefits of emotional vitality. Health Psychol, 34(10), 1043-1046.
4. Boehm, J. K., Trudel-Fitzgerald, C., Kivimaki, M., & Kubzansky, L. D. (2015). The prospective association between positive psychological well-being and diabetes. Health Psychol, 34(10), 1013-1021.