Subjective Happiness Scale

Citation: Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social indicators research, 46(2), 137-155.

PMID or DOI:  DOI:10.1023/A:1006824100041

Main positive psychological well-being construct measured: Happiness

Sub-constructs measured: N/A

Available subscales: N/A

Description:  The Subjective Happiness Scale seeks to conduct a global, subjective assessment of whether a person is happy or unhappy.

Number of items: 4

Example of statement/item: “In general, I consider myself not a very happy person (1) or a very happy person (7)”

Response options:  7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 7.

Total score: Responses to the four items are averaged, yielding a range from 1 to 7. Higher score indicates greater levels of happiness.

Examples of studies: 
1. Ameringer, K.J., C.P. Chou, and A.M. Leventhal, Shared versus specific features of psychological symptoms and cigarettes per day: structural relations and mediation by negative- and positive-reinforcement smoking. J Behav Med, 2015. 38(2): p. 224-36.
2. Smyth, N., et al., Post awakening salivary cortisol secretion and trait well-being: The importance of sample timing accuracy. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2015. 58: p. 141-51.

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