Selected Publications

J.K. Hammitt, “Admissible Utility Functions for Health, Longevity, and Wealth: Integrating Monetary and Life-Year Measures,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, in press.

L. Huang, Y. Zhou, Y. Han, J.K. Hammitt, J. Bi, and Y. Liu, “The Effect of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on the Risk Perception of Residents near a Nuclear Power Plant in China,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in press.

C. Gollier, J.K. Hammitt, and N. Treich, “Risk and Choice: A Research Saga,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 47: 129-145, 2013, DOI 10.1007/s11166-013-9175-7.

Y. Zhou, J.K. Hammitt, J.S. Fu, Y. Gao, Y. Li, and J.I. Levy, “Major Factors Influencing the Control of Air Pollutants with Non-Linear Chemistry: An Application to China,” Risk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/risa.12106 (published online 2 September 2013).

H. Andersson, J.K. Hammitt , G. Lindberg, and K. Sundström , “Willingness to Pay and Sensitivity to Time Framing: A Theoretical Analysis and an Application on Car Safety,” Environmental and Resource Economics 56: 437-456, 2013 (erratum 56: 457, 2013); doi: 10.1007/s10640-013-9644-0.

J.K. Hammitt, “Positive vs. Normative Justifications for Benefit-Cost Analysis: Implications for Interpretation and Policy,” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 7(2): 199-218, 2013; doi: 10.1093/reep/ret009.

L.A. Robinson and J.K. Hammitt, “Skills of the Trade: Valuing Health Risk Reductions in Benefit-Cost Analysis,” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis 4(1): 107-130, 2013.

M-W. Tsou, J-T. Liu, and J.K. Hammitt, “The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment in China on Employment Adjustments in Taiwan: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data” Japan and the World Economy, 25–26: 68-79, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.japwor.2013.01.007.

J.K. Hammitt and Y. Zhang, “Combining Experts’ Judgments: Comparison of Algorithmic Methods,” Risk Analysis 33(1): 109-120, 2013, DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01833.x.

D.R. Hogan, J.A. Salomon, D. Canning, J.K. Hammitt, A.M. Zaslavsky, and T. Bärnighausen, “National HIV Prevalence Estimates for Sub-Saharan Africa: Controlling Selection Bias with Heckman-Type Selection Models,” Sexually Transmitted Infections 88 (Supplement): i17-i23, 2012.

C.M. Rheinberger and J.K. Hammitt, “Risk Tradeoffs in Fish Consumption: A Public Health Perspective,” Environmental Science & Technology 46: 12337-12346, 2012.

J.K. Hammitt, “Discounting Health and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: A Response to Nord,” Health Economics 21: 878–882, 2012, DOI: 10.1002/hec.1782.

H.A. Roman, J.K. Hammitt, T.L. Walsh, and D.M. Stieb,“Expert Elicitation of the Value per Statistical Life in an Air Pollution Context,” Risk Analysis 32(12): 2133-2151, 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01826.x.

M.-W. Tsou, J.-T. Liu, and J.K. Hammitt, “The Intergenerational Transmission of Education: Evidence from Taiwanese Adoptions,” Economics Letters 115(1): 134-136, 2012, DOI:10.1016/j.econlet.2011.12.006.

M.L. Cropper, J.K. Hammitt, and L.A. Robinson, “Valuing Mortality-Risk Reductions: Progress and Challenges,” Annual Review of Resource Economics 3: 313–336, 2011, DOI: 10.1146/annurev.resource.012809.103949 (also published as National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 16971, April 2011).

L.A. Robinson and J.K. Hammitt, “Behavioral Economics and Regulatory Analysis,” Risk Analysis 31(9): 1408-1422, 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01661.x.

W-J. Tsai, J-T. Liu, and J.K. Hammitt, “Aggregation Biases in Estimates of the Value of a Statistical Life: Evidence from Longitudinal Matched Worker-Firm Data in Taiwan,” Environmental and Resource Economics 49(3): 423-445, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s10640-010-9940-z.

L.A. Robinson and J.K. Hammitt, “Behavioral Economics and the Conduct of Benefit-Cost Analysis: Towards Principles and Standards,” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis 2(2): Article 5, DOI: 10.2202/2152-2812.1059, 2011. Also published as Chapter 10 (317-363) in S. Farrow and R.O. Zerbe, Jr., eds., Principles and Standards for Benefit-Cost Analysis, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham UK, 2013.

K. Haninger and J.K. Hammitt, “Diminishing Willingness to Pay per Quality-Adjusted Life Year: Valuing Acute Foodborne Illness,” Risk Analysis 31(9): 1363-1380, 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01617.x.

T. Chahine, B. Schultz, V. Zartarian, S.V. Subramanian, J. Spengler, J.K. Hammitt, and J.I. Levy, “Modeling Geographic and Demographic Variability in Residential Concentrations of Environmental Tobacco Smoke using National Datasets,” Journal of Exposure Science And Environmental Epidemiology 2011 (1-10) DOI:10.1038/jes.2011.12.

J.B. Wiener, M.D. Rogers, J.K. Hammitt, and P.H. Sand (eds.), The Reality of Precaution: Comparing Risk Regulation in the United States and Europe, Resources for the Future Press, Washington, D.C., 2010.

J.K. Hammitt and L.A. Robinson, “The Income Elasticity of the Value per Statistical Life: Transferring Estimates Between High and Low Income Populations,” Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis 2(1): Article 1, DOI: 10.2202/2152-2812.1009, 2011.

P.J. Neumann, J.T. Cohen, J.K. Hammitt, T.W. Concannon, H.R. Auerbach, C.H. Fang, D.M. Kent, “Willingness To Pay For Predictive Tests With No Immediate Treatment Implications:  A Survey Of U.S. Residents,” Health Economics doi:10.1002/hec, 2010.

D.R. Hogan, A.M. Zaslavsky, J.K. Hammitt, and J.A. Salomon, “Flexible Epidemiological Model for Estimates and Short-term Projections in Generalised HIV/AIDS Epidemics,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, 86: ii84-ii9, doi:10.1136/sti.2010.045104, 2010.

G. Rice, J.K. Hammitt, and J.S. Evans, “A Probabilistic Characterization of the Health Benefits of Reducing Methyl Mercury Intake in the United States,” Environmental Science and Technology 44: 5216-5224, 2010.

G.M. Lee, J.A. Salomon, C. Gay, and J.K. Hammitt, “Preferences for Health Outcomes associated with Group A Streptococcal Disease and Vaccination,” Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 8: 28, 2010.

L.A. Robinson, J.K. Hammitt, J.E. Aldy, A. Krupnick, and J. Baxter, “Valuing the Risks of Death from Terrorist Attacks,” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 7(1): Article 14, 2010.

J.K. Hammitt and K. Haninger, “Valuing Fatal Risks to Children and Adults: Effects of Disease, Latency, and Risk Aversion,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 40(1): 57-83, 2010.

J.K. Hammitt, K. Haninger, and N. Treich, “Effects of Health and Longevity on Financial Risk Tolerance,” Geneva Risk and Insurance Review 34(2): 117-139, 2009.

E. Oken, K.P. Kleinman, M.B. Belfort, J.K. Hammitt, and M.W. Gillman, “Associations of Gestational Weight Gain with Short- and Longer-Term Maternal and Child Health Outcomes,” American Journal of Epidemiology 170: 173-180, 2009.

K. von Stackelberg and J.K. Hammitt, “Use of Contingent Valuation to Elicit Willingness to Pay for the Benefits of Developmental Health Risk Reductions,” Environmental and Resource Economics 43: 45-61, 2009.

J.-T. Liu, M.-W. Tsou, and J.K. Hammitt, “Willingness to Pay for Weight-Control Treatment,” Health Policy 91: 211-218, 2009.

J.K. Hammitt, “Saving Lives: Benefit-Cost Analysis and Distribution,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review Pennumbra 157: 189-199, 2009.

X. Guo and J.K. Hammitt, “Compensating Wage Differentials with Unemployment: Evidence from China,” Environmental and Resource Economics 42: 187-209, 2009.

J.K. Hammitt, “Optimal Gestational Weight Gain: Risk Tradeoff Calculations,” Appendix G, Part IV, 674-683 in Institute of Medicine Committee on Reexamination of Pregnancy Weight Guidelines, Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines, National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2009.

J.K. Hammitt, “Environmental Risk Regulation,” 613-617 in E. Melnick and B. Everitt (eds.), Encyclopedia of Quantitative Risk Assessment, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 2008.

J.W. Kyle, J.K. Hammitt, H.W. Lim, A.C. Geller, L. H. Hall-Jordan, E.W. Maibach, E.C. De Fabo, M.C. Wagner, “Economic Evaluation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s SunWise Program: Sun Protection Education for Young Children,” Pediatrics 121(5): 1074-1084, 2008.

M.-W. Tsou, J.-T. Liu, J.K. Hammitt, and K.-H. Wang, “Exporting and Productivity Growth: Evidence from the Taiwan Electronics Plants,” Scottish Journal of Political Economy 55(2): 190-209, 2008.

J.K. Hammitt and K. Haninger, “Willingness to Pay for Food Safety: Sensitivity to Duration and Severity of Illness,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 89(5): 1170-1175, 2007.

L.A. Prosser, J.K. Hammitt, and R. Keren, “Measuring Health Preferences for Use in Cost-Utility and Benefit-Cost Analyses of Interventions in Children: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations,” Pharmacoeconomics 25(9): 713-726, 2007.

J.K. Hammitt, “Valuing Changes in Mortality Risk: Lives Saved vs. Life Years Saved,” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 1: 228-240, 2007.

J.K. Hammitt and N. Treich, “Statistical vs. Identified Lives in Benefit-Cost Analysis,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 35: 45-66, 2007.

J.K. Hammitt and K. Haninger, “Willingness to Pay for Food Safety: Sensitivity to Duration and Severity of Illness,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 89(5): 1170-1175, 2007.

L.A. Prosser, J.K. Hammitt, and R. Keren, “Assessing Health Preferences for Use in Cost-Utility and Benefit-Cost Analyses of Interventions in Children: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations,” Pharmacoeconomics 25(9): 713-726, 2007.

J.K. Hammitt, “Is ‘Practical Global Climate Policy’ Sufficient?” Chapter 7.1 (315-326) in J. Aldy and R. Stavins (eds.), Architectures for Agreement: Addressing Global Climate Change in the Post-Kyoto World, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007.

B.G. Koerkamp, M.G.M. Hunink, T. Stijnen, J.K. Hammitt, K.M. Kuntz, M.C. Weinstein, “Limitations of Acceptability Curves for Presenting Uncertainty in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis,” Medical Decision Making 27(2): 101-111, 2007.

J.-T. Liu, M.-W. Tsou, and J.K. Hammitt, “Health Information and Subjective Survival Probability: Evidence from Taiwan,” Journal of Risk Research 10(2): 149-175, 2007.

J.K. Hammitt, “Risk Assessment and Economic Evaluation,” Chapter 112 (1696-1711) in W.N. Rom (ed.), Environmental and Occupational Medicine (fourth edition), Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, 2007.

J.K. Hammitt and M.E. Ibarrarán, “The Economic Value of Reducing Fatal and Non-Fatal Occupational Risks in Mexico City using Actuarial- and Perceived-Risk Estimates,” Health Economics Letters 15: 1329-1335, 2006.

S.-Y. Chou, J.-T. Liu, and J.K. Hammitt, “Households’ Precautionary Behaviors – The Effects of the Introduction of National Health Insurance in Taiwan,” Review of Economics of the Household 4: 395-421, 2006.

J.K. Hammitt and Y. Zhou, “The Economic Value of Air-Pollution-Related Health Risks in China: A Contingent Valuation Study,” Environmental and Resource Economics 33(3): 399-423, 2006.

J.B. Wiener, R.B. Stewart, J.K. Hammitt, and D.J. Dudek, “Save the Kyoto Protocol,” Issues in Science and Technology 22(3): 9-10, Spring 2006.

J.B. Wiener, R.B. Stewart, J.K. Hammitt, and J.-C. Hourcade, “Madison and Climate Change Policy,” Science 311: 335-336, 20 January 2006.

J.K. Hammitt, J.B. Wiener, B. Swedlow, D. Kall, Z. Zhou, “Precautionary Regulation in Europe and the United States: A Quantitative Comparison,” Risk Analysis 25(5): 1215-1228, 2005.

G. Stevens, A.M. Wilson, and J.K. Hammitt, “A Benefit-Cost Analysis of Retrofitting Diesel Vehicles with Particulate Filters in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area,” Risk Analysis 25(4): 883-899, 2005.

J.-T. Liu, J.K. Hammitt, J.-D. Wang, and M.-W. Tsou, “Valuation of the Risk of SARS in Taiwan,” Health Economics Letters 8(3): 3-11, 2004, also published in Health Economics 14(1): 83-91, 2005.

J.K. Hammitt, “Is the EPA Lowballing the Mercury Risk?” Los Angeles Times, Commentary, B-15, April 13, 2005.

J.K. Hammitt, “Economic Implications of Hormesis,” Human and Experimental Toxicology 23(6): 267-278, 2004.

J.K. Hammitt and J.-T. Liu, “Effects of Disease Type and Latency on the Value of Mortality Risk,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 28(1): 73-95, 2004.

L.R. Eeckhoudt and J.K. Hammitt, “Does Risk Aversion Increase the Value of Mortality Risk?” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 47: 13-29, 2004.

J.K. Hammitt, “CFCs: A Look Across Two Continents,” Chapter 7 (158-174) in W. Harrington, R.D. Morgenstern, and T. Sterner (eds.), Choosing Environmental Policy: Comparing Instruments and Outcomes in the United States and Europe, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C., 2004.

J.K. Hammitt and M.C. Weinstein, “Balancing Lives Against Lucre,” Los Angeles Times, Commentary, B13, February 25, 2004.

S.-Y. Chou, J.T. Liu, and J.K. Hammitt, “National Health Insurance and Precautionary Saving: Evidence from Taiwan,” Journal of Public Economics 87: 1873-1894, 2003.

J.T. Cohen, J.K. Hammitt, and J.I. Levy, “Fuels for Urban Transit Buses: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis,” Environmental Science and Technology 37: 1477-1484, 2003.

E.L. Toy and J.K. Hammitt, “Safety Impacts of SUVs, Vans, and Pickup Trucks in Two-Vehicle Crashes,” Risk Analysis 23(4): 641-650, 2003.

J.K. Hammitt, “Security, At a Price,” New York Times, Letters, A26, March 14, 2003.

J.K. Hammitt, “QALYs versus WTP,” Risk Analysis 22(5): 985-1001, 2002.

P. Hofstetter and J.K. Hammitt, “Selecting Human Health Metrics for Environmental Decision Support Tools,” Risk Analysis 22(5): 965-983, 2002.

J.K. Hammitt and D. Ropeik, “Diesel Fuel Would Slash Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas,” Sacramento Bee, Opinion, April 7, 2002.

L.R. Eeckhoudt and J.K. Hammitt, “Background Risks and the Value of a Statistical Life,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 23(3): 261-279, 2001.

P.S. Corso, J.K. Hammitt, and J.D. Graham, “Valuing Mortality-Risk Reduction: Using Visual Aids to Improve the Validity of Contingent Valuation,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 23(2): 165-184, 2001.

J.K. Hammitt, “Analytic Methods for Environmental Regulation in the United States: Promise, Pitfalls, and Politics,” International Journal of Risk Assessment & Management 1(1/2): 105-124, 2000.

J.-T. Liu, J.K. Hammitt, J.-D. Wang, and J.-L. Liu, “Mother’s Willingness to Pay for Her Own and Her Child’s Health: A Contingent Valuation Study in Taiwan,” Health Economics 9: 319-326, 2000.

J.K. Hammitt, “Global Climate Change: Benefit-Cost Analysis vs. the Precautionary Principle,” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 6(3): 387-398, 2000.

J.K. Hammitt, “Are The Costs of Proposed Environmental Regulations Overestimated? Evidence from the CFC Phaseout,” Environmental and Resource Economics 16(3): 281-301, 2000.

J.K. Hammitt, “Valuing Mortality Risk: Theory and Practice,” Environmental Science and Technology 34(8): 1396-1400, 2000.

J.K. Hammitt, “Climate Change Won’t Wait for Kyoto,” Washington Post, p. A39, November 29, 2000.

J.K. Hammitt and J.D. Graham, “Willingness to Pay for Health Protection: Inadequate Sensitivity to Probability?” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 18(1): 33-62, 1999.

J.K. Hammitt, “Evaluation Endpoints and Climate Policy: Atmospheric Stabilization, Benefit-Cost Analysis, and Near-Term Greenhouse-Gas Emissions,” Climatic Change 41(3/4): 447-468, 1999.

J.K. Hammitt and A.I. Shlyakhter, “The Expected Value of Information and the Probability of Surprise,” Risk Analysis 19(1): 135-152, 1999.

J.K. Hammitt, “Environmental False Alarms and Policy Implications,” Environment and Development Economics 3(4): 511-516, 1998.

S. Garber and J.K. Hammitt, “Risk Premiums for Environmental Liability: Does Superfund Increase the Cost of Capital?” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 36(3): 267-294, 1998.

J.-T. Liu, J.K. Hammitt, and J.-L. Liu, “Estimated Hedonic Wage Function and Value of Life in a Developing Country,” Economics Letters 57(3): 353-358, 1997.

J.K. Hammitt, “Data, Risk, and Science: Foundations for Analysis,” Chapter 10 (150-169) in M.R. Chertow and D.C. Esty (eds.), Thinking Ecologically: The Next Generation of Environmental Policy, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1997.

J.K. Hammitt, “Stratospheric-Ozone Depletion,” Chapter 6 (131-169) in R.D. Morgenstern (ed.), Economic Analyses at EPA: Assessing Regulatory Impact, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C., 1997.

J.K. Hammitt and J.L. Adams, “The Value of International Cooperation for Abating Global Climate Change,” Resource and Energy Economics 18: 219-241, 1996.

J.K. Hammitt, “Expected Values of Information and Cooperation for Abating Global Climate Change,” Chapter 12 (199-218) in R.J. Zeckhauser, R.L. Keeney, and J.K. Sebenius (eds.), Wise Choices: Decisions, Games, and Negotiations, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, 1996.

J.D. Graham and J.K. Hammitt, “Refining the CRA Framework,” Chapter 5 (93-109) in J.C. Davies (ed.), Comparing Environmental Risks: Tools for Setting Government Priorities, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C., 1996.

J.K. Hammitt, A.K. Jain, J.L. Adams, and D.J. Wuebbles, “A Welfare-Based Index for Assessing Environmental Effects of Greenhouse-Gas Emissions,” Nature 381: 301-303, 1996.

J.K. Hammitt, R.J. Lempert, and M.E. Schlesinger, “A Sequential-Decision Strategy for Abating Climate Change,” Nature 357: 315-318, 1992.

J.K. Hammitt, Probability is All We Have: Uncertainties, Delays, and Environmental Policy Making, Garland Publishing, Inc., New York and London, 1990.

J.K. Hammitt, “Voters OK of Term Limits,” Los Angeles Times, Letters to The Times: B6, November 13, 1990.

J.K. Hammitt, “Why Auto Theft is a Growth Industry,” Los Angeles Times, California Commentary: B5, November 20, 1989.

J.K. Hammitt, “Stratospheric Ozone Depletion,” 19-23 in R. Stavins (ed.), Project 88-Harnessing Market Forces to Protect Our Environment: Initiatives for the New President, A Public Policy Study sponsored by Senators T.E. Wirth and J. Heinz, Washington, D.C., December 1988.

J.K. Hammitt, “Insuring Against the Inevitable,” The Wall Street Journal, Letters to the Editor: A7, December 28, 1988.

J.K. Hammitt, F. Camm, P.S. Connell, W.E. Mooz, K. Wolf, D.J. Wuebbles, and A. Bamezai, “Future Emission Scenarios for Chemicals that May Deplete Stratospheric Ozone,” Nature 330: 711-716, 1987.

J.K. Hammitt, “Ozone Depletion: Probability Is All We Have,” The Wall Street Journal, Review and Outlook: 20, June 19, 1987.

J.K. Hammitt, S.J. Carroll, and D.A. Relles, “Tort Standards and Jury Decisions,” Journal of Legal Studies 14(3): 751-762, 1985.

J.E. Rolph, J.K. Hammitt, and R.L. Houchens, “Automobile Accident Compensation: Who Pays How Much How Soon?” Journal of Risk and Insurance 52(4): 667-685, 1985.

J.K. Hammitt and J.E. Rolph, “Limiting Liability for Automobile Accidents: Are No-Fault Tort Thresholds Effective?” Law and Policy 7(4): 493-507, 1985.