Selected publications (out of over 245 peer-reviewed scientific publications, 5 books, and over 70 non-peer reviewed editorials and book chapters) – not including COVID-19 (which are in a separate tab)
Epidemiologic theories of disease distribution & embodying (in)equity
- Krieger N. Epidemiology and the Web of Causation: Has Anyone Seen the Spider? Soc Sci Med 1994; 39:887-903.
- Krieger N. A critical research agenda for social justice and public health: an ecosocial proposal. In: Levy B (ed). Social Injustice and Public Health. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press 2019; 531-552.
- Krieger N. Got theory? – on the 21st c CE rise of explicit use of epidemiologic theories of disease distribution: a review and ecosocial analysis. Current Epidemiol Reports 2014; 1(1):45-56 (on-line first: November 13, 2013); DOI 10.1007/s40471-013-0001-1. https://paperity.org/p/59652613/got-theory-on-the-21st-c-ce-rise-of-explicit-use-of-epidemiologic-theories-of-disease.
- Krieger N, Davey Smith G. The tale wagged by the DAG: broadening the scope of causal inference and explanation for epidemiology. Int J Epidemiol 2016; 45:1787-1808. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyw114 (advance access on-line: September 30, 2016). https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/45/6/1787/2617188.
- Krieger N. Measures of racism, sexism, heterosexism, and gender binarism for health equity research: from structural injustice to embodied harm – an ecosocial analysis. Annu Rev Public Health 2020 (April 2); 41:37-62. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040119-094017 [epub 2019 Nov 25].
- Krieger N. Discrimination and health inequities. In: Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Glymour M (eds). Social Epidemiology. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014; 63-125.
- Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Kiang MV, Feldman J. Police killings and police deaths are public health data and can be counted. PLoS MED 2015; 12(12): e1001915. doi: 10.1371/journal/pmed.1001915. https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1001915.
- Krieger N. Climate crisis, health equity, & democratic governance: the need to act together. J Public Health Policy 2020; 41:4-10. (published on-line advance access January 21, 2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41271-019-00209-x.
- Krieger N. The US census & the people’s health: public health engagement from enslavement and “Indians not taxed” to census tracts and health equity (1790-2018). Am J Public Health 2019; 109(8):1092-1101. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305017.
- Krieger N. Health equity & the fallacy of treating causes of population health as if they sum to 100%. Am J Public Health 2017; 107:541-549. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2017.303655.
- Krieger N. Who and what is a “population”? Historical debates, current controversies, and implications for understanding “population health” and rectifying health inequities. Milbank Q 2012; 90:634-681. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3530737/.
- Krieger N. History, biology, and health inequities: emergent embodied phenotypes & the illustrative case of the breast cancer estrogen receptor. Am J Public Health 2013; 103:22-27. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3518369/.
- Krieger, N, Williams D, Moss N. Measuring Social Class in US Public Health Research: Concepts, Methodologies and Guidelines. Annu Rev Public Health 1997; 18:341-378. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.18.1.341.
- Krieger N, Wright E, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Huntley ER, Arcaya M. Cancer stage at diagnosis, historical redlining, and current neighborhood characteristics: breast, cervical, lung, and colorectal cancer, Massachusetts, 2001-2015. Am J Epidemiol 2020 March 27 [epub ahead of print] pii: kwaa045, https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwaa045.
- Krieger N, Waterman PD, Spasojevic J, Li W, Maduro G, Van Wye G. Public Health monitoring of privilege and deprivation using the Index of Concentration at the Extremes (ICE). Am J Public Health 2016; 106:256-263. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015/302955. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302955.
- Krieger N, Chen JT, Coull B, Waterman PD, Beckfield J. The unique impact of abolition of Jim Crow laws on reducing health inequities in infant death rates and implications for choice of comparison groups in analyzing societal determinants of health. Am J Public Health 2013; 103:2234-2244. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3828968/.
- Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Kosheleva A, Beckfield S. History, haldanes, & health inequities: exploring phenotypic changes in body size by generation and income level among the US-born white and black non-Hispanic populations, 1959-1962 to 2005-2008. Int J Epidemiol 2013; 42: 281-295. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3600621/.
- Krieger N, Waterman PD, Kosheleva A, Chen JT, Carney DR, Smith KW, Bennett GG, Williams DR, Freeman E, Russell B, Thornhill G, Mikolowsky K, Rifkin R, Samuel L. Exposing racial discrimination: implicit & explicit measures—the My Body, My Story study of 1005 US-born black & white community health center members. PLoS ONE 2011; 6(11):e27636.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027636 https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0027636.
- Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD. Temporal trends in the black/white breast cancer case ratio for estrogen receptor status: disparities are historically contingent, not innate. Cancer Causes Control 2011; 22:511-514. DOI 10.1007/s10552-010-9710-7; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3042518/.
- Krieger N, Kaddour A, Koenen K, Kosheleva A, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Barbeau EM. Occupational, social, and relationship hazards and psychological distress among low-income workers: implications of the “inverse hazard law.” J Epidemiol Community Health 2011; 65:260-272. doi:10.1136/jech2009.087387.
- Krieger N, Rehkopf DH, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Marcelli E, Kennedy M. The fall and rise of US inequities in premature mortality: 1960-2002. PLoS Med 2008; 5(2): e46.doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050046. https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050046.
- Krieger N, Smith K, Naishadham D, Hartman C, Barbeau EM. Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health. Soc Sci Med 2005; 61:1576-1596.
- Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Rehkopf DF, Subramanian SV. Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project. Am J Public Health 2005; 95:312-323. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2003.032482.
- Krieger N, Sidney S. Racial Discrimination and Blood Pressure: The CARDIA Study of Young Black and White Adults. Am J Public Health 1996; 86:1370-1378.
- Krieger, N. Overcoming the Absence of Socioeconomic Data in Medical Records: Validation and Application of a Census-Based Methodology. Am J Public Health 1992; 82:703-710.
Book & Book Series
- Krieger N. Epidemiology and The People’s Health: Theory and Context. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. (new paperback edition: 2013).
- Krieger N. (ed). Embodying Inequality: Epidemiologic Perspectives. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co., 2004.
- Fee E, Krieger N, (eds). Women’s Health, Politics, and Power: Essays on Sex/Gender, Medicine, and Public Health. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co., 1994.
- Krieger N, Margo G, (eds). AIDS: The Politics of Survival. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co., 1994.
- Small Books Big Ideas in Population Health series (Oxford University Press, Editor: Nancy Krieger):