Selected 20 publications (out of over 200 peer-reviewed scientific publications, 4 books, and over 70 non-peer reviewed publications)


  • Krieger N. Theories for social epidemiology in the twenty-first century: an ecosocial perspective. In: Hofrichter R (ed). Health and Social Justice: Politics, Ideology, and Inequity in the Distribution of Disease – A Public Health Reader. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003; 428-450.
  • Krieger N. Discrimination and health inequities. Int J Health Services 2014; 44:643-710; reprint, with permission of: Krieger N. Discrimination and health inequities. In: Berkman LF, Kawachi I, Glymour M (eds). Social Epidemiology. 2nd New York: Oxford University Press, 2014; 63-125.
  • Krieger N. Got theory? – on the 21st c CE rise of explicit use of epidemiologic theories of disease distribution: a review and ecosocial analysis. Current Epidemiol Reports 2014; 1(1):45-56 (on-line first: November 13, 2013); DOI 10.1007/s40471-013-0001-1
  • Krieger N. Who and what is a “population”? Historical debates, current controversies, and implications for understanding “population health” and rectifying health inequities. Milbank Q 2012; 90:634-681. PMID: 21216426Krieger N. History, biology, and health inequities: emergent embodied phenotypes & the illustrative case of the breast cancer estrogen receptor. Am J Public Health 2013; 103:22-27. PMID: 23153126
  • Krieger N. Ladders, pyramids, and champagne: the iconography of health inequities. J Epidemiol Community Health 2008; 62: 1098-1104.Krieger N. Genders, sexes, and health: what are the connections? — and why does it matter? Int J Epidemiol 2003; 32:652-657.
  • Krieger, N, Williams D, Moss N. Measuring Social Class in US Public Health Research: Concepts, Methodologies and Guidelines. Annu Rev Public Health 1997; 18:341-378.
  • Krieger N. Epidemiology and the Web of Causation: Has Anyone Seen the Spider? Soc Sci Med 1994; 39:887-903.


  • Krieger N, Kosheleva A, Waterman PD, Chen JT, Beckfield J, Kiang MV. 50 year trends in US socioeconomic inequalities in health: US-born black and white Americans, 1959-2008. Int J Epidemiol 2014; 43:1294-1313. PMID: 24639440. PMCID: in process
  • Krieger N, Chen JT, Coull B, Waterman PD, Beckfield J. The unique impact of abolition of Jim Crow laws on reducing health inequities in infant death rates and implications for choice of comparison groups in analyzing societal determinants of health. Am J Public Health 2013; 103:2234-2244. PMID:24134378; PMCID: in process
  • Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Kosheleva A, Beckfield S. History, haldanes, & health inequities: exploring phenotypic changes in body size by generation and income level among the US-born white and black non-Hispanic populations, 1959-1962 to 2005-2008. Int J Epidemiol 2013; 42: 281-295. PMCID: PMC3600621
  • Krieger N, Waterman PD, Kosheleva A, Chen JT, Carney DR, Smith KW, Bennett GG, Williams DR, Freeman E, Russell B, Thornhill G, Mikolowsky K, Rifkin R, Samuel L. Exposing racial discrimination: implicit & explicit measures—the My Body, My Story study of 1005 US-born black & white community health center members. PLoS ONE 2011; 6(11):e27636.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027636; PMCID: PMC33220691
  • Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD. Temporal trends in the black/white breast cancer case ratio for estrogen receptor status: disparities are historically contingent, not innate Cancer Causes Control 2011; 22:511-514. DOI 10.1007/s10552-010-9710-7; PMCID: PMC2042518
  • Krieger N, Kaddour A, Koenen K, Kosheleva A, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Barbeau EM. Occupational, social, and relationship hazards and psychological distress among low-income workers: implications of the “inverse hazard law.” J Epidemiol Community Health 2011; 65:260-272. doi:10.1136/jech2009.087387
  • Krieger N, Rehkopf DH, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Marcelli E, Kennedy M. The fall and rise of US inequities in premature mortality: 1960-2002. PLoSMed (2008; 5(2): e46.doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050046. PMCID: PMC2253609
  • Krieger N, Smith K, Naishadham D, Hartman C, Barbeau EM. Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health. Soc Sci Med 2005; 61:1576-1596.
  • Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Rehkopf DF, Subramanian SV. Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project. Am J Public Health 2005; 95:312-323. PMCID: PMC1449172
  • Krieger N, Sidney S. Racial Discrimination and Blood Pressure: The CARDIA Study of Young Black and White Adults. Am J Public Health 1996; 86:1370-1378. PMCID: PMC1380646
  • Krieger, N. Overcoming the Absence of Socioeconomic Data in Medical Records: Validation and Application of a Census-Based Methodology. Am J Public Health 1992; 82:703-710. PMCID: PMC1694121