Panel 5 | National identification: Protecting privacy and ensuring data security

Friday November 20, 4:00 – 5:30pm

privacy protection


Opponents argue that national ID systems will infringe on civil liberties. This panel will address concerns about privacy and potential misuse of identification data.  Questions will tackle how individuals have (or have not) been protected within national ID schemes. Data usage practices, including the need to adopt legal frameworks to establish adequate safeguards to protect privacy and confidentiality, will also be examined.


Jonathan Zittrain, Director and Faculty Chair, Berkman Center for Internet and Society,Harvard University

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Jonathan Zittrain is the George Bemis Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Professor of Computer Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources for the Harvard Law School Library, and Faculty Director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society.

His research interests include battles for control of digital property and content, cryptography, electronic privacy, the roles of intermediaries within Internet architecture, human computing, and the useful and unobtrusive deployment of technology in education. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Board of Advisors for Scientific American.  He has served as a Trustee of the Internet Society and as a Forum Fellow of the World Economic Forum, which named him a Young Global Leader. He was a Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the Federal Communications Commission, and previously chaired the FCC’s Open Internet Advisory Committee. His book The Future of the Internet — And How to Stop It predicted the end of general purpose client computing and the corresponding rise of new gatekeepers.  That and other works may be found at <>.


Latanya Sweeney, Professor of Government and Technology in Residence, Director of Data Privacy Lab, Harvard University

SWEENEYProfessor of Government and Technology in Residence at Harvard University, Latanya Sweeney creates and uses technology to assess and solve societal, political and governance problems, and teaches others how to do the same. On focus area is the scientific study of technology’s impact on humankind, and she is the Editor-in-Chief of Technology Science. Another focus area is data privacy, and she is the Director of the Data Privacy Lab in IQSS at Harvard. Professor Sweeney was formerly the Chief Technology Officer at the U.S. Federal Trade Commission, a 2014 recipient of the prestigious Louis D. Brandeis Privacy Award,an elected fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics, with almost 100 academic publications, 3 patents, explicit citations in 2 government regulations, and founded 3 company spin-offs. She has received numerous professional and academic awards, and testified before federal and international government bodies. Professor Sweeney earned her PhD in computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, being the first black woman to do so. Her undergraduate degree in computer science was completed at Harvard University. More information about Dr. Sweeney is available at her website

David Lyon, Professor, Department of Sociology, Director of Surveillance Studies, Queens University, Kingston, Ontario

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David Lyon is Director, Surveillance Studies Centre, Queen’s Research Chair in Surveillance Studies, Professor of Sociology and Professor of Law at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario. From 2008-2010 he held a Killam Research Fellowship from the Canada Council. In 2007 he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Sociological Association, Communication and Information Technology Section; in 2008 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada; in 2012 he received an Outstanding Contribution Award from the Canadian Sociological Association and in 2013 he was elected to the Academy of Social Sciences, UK.

He has authored or edited 28 books and published many articles. The books have been translated into 16 languages and articles more. In 2015 Surveillance after Snowden will appear. In 2014 Transparent Lives: Surveillance in Canada / Vivre à nu: la surveillance au Canada (ed. Lyon et al) was published. Liquid Surveillance, co-authored with Zygmunt Bauman, came out in 2013. Recent sole-authored books are Identifying Citizens: ID Cards as Surveillance (2009) and Surveillance Studies: An Overview (2007). Co-edited collections include the Handbook of Surveillance Studies with Kirstie Ball and Kevin Haggerty (2012) Eyes Everywhere: The Global Growth of Camera Surveillance with Aaron Doyle and Randy Lippert (2011), Surveillance, Privacy and the Globalization of Personal Information (with Elia Zureik and others, 2010), Surveillance and Control in Israel/Palestine: Population, Territory, Power (with Elia Zureik and Yasmeen-Abu-Laban 2010) and Playing the Identity Card (with Colin Bennett, 2008). Current book-writing projects include The Culture of Surveillance. Lyon is on the international editorial boards of a number of journals, is a North American editor of Surveillance and Society and Associate Editor of The Information Society.

He has held short or long visiting positions at the Universities of Auckland, Birzeit, Edinburgh, Melbourne, Leeds, Rio de Janeiro, Sydney, Tokyo, the Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore, the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México and the École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris. David is married to Sue Lyon, a studio potter. They have four adult children and ten grandchildren. David also paints in watercolour, and rides long-distance tandem bicycle with Sue.

Malavika Jayaram, Fellow, Berkman Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University
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Malavika is a Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, working broadly in the areas of privacy, identity, data and internet policy. She is also an Adjunct Professor at Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, for 2015-’16.

Previously, she practised law in London and Bangalore for over 15 years: With Allen & Overy in the Communications, Media & Technology group, as Vice President and Technology Counsel at Citigroup, and as a partner at Jayaram & Jayaram. One of 10 Indian lawyers in The International Who’s Who of Internet e-Commerce & Data Protection Lawyers directory in 2013, she was also voted one of India’s leading lawyers – one of only 8 women featured in the “40 under 45” survey conducted by Law Business Research, London.

A Fellow at the Centre for Internet and Society, India since 2009, she has been studying Aadhaar, the biometric ID project, particularly the potential implications for privacy, information self-determination and freedom. In 2012, she was a Visiting Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania, with the Annenberg School’s Center for Global Communication Studies. More recently, she was a fellow at the Institute for Technology and Society in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for 2014-’15, and a Visiting Scholar at the University of Sydney in 2015, with the Center for International Security Studies and the Surveillance and Every Day Life Research Group.

Robert Gellman, Privacy and Information Policy Consultant

Robert Gellman is a privacy and information policy consultant in Washington, D.C.  A graduate of the Yale Law School, he has worked on privacy issues for more than forty years.  For 17 of those years, he served on the staff of the House Subcommittee on Government Information, where he was responsible for privacy, freedom of information, and other issues.  He was a member of the Department of Health and Human Service’s National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (1996-2000), a federal advisory committee on health information infrastructure matters, and he chaired its Privacy and Confidentiality Subcommittee for two years.  He is the author of numerous columns, papers, reports, and scholarly articles, many of which are available at or at   He maintains a well-regarded brief history of Fair Information Practices on his website and at   Recent major reports considered privacy issues for missing persons and legal issues for federal agencies engaged in crowdsourcing.  Gellman is also Senior Editor of the Journal of Technology Science,