Citation: Maltby, J., Day, L., & Hall, S. (2015). Refining trait resilience: Identifying engineering, ecological, and adaptive facets from extant measures of resilience. PLoS ONE, 10(7), e0131826.
PMID or DOI: PMID: 26132197, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131826
Main positive psychological well-being construct measured: Resilience
Sub-constructs measured: Engineering resilience, ecological resilience and adaptive capacity
Available subscales: Engineering resilience, ecological resilience and adaptive capacity
Description: The Resilient Systems Scales measures trait resilience, considering the variety of theoretical and empirical approaches that define resilience and incorporating systems theory and ecology to focus on three related broad systems surrounding resilience. These systems include engineering resilience (ability of a system to return to equilibrium following disturbance), ecological resilience (ability of a system to absorb or resist perturbation and maintain stable state), and adaptive capacity (ability of a system to manage and accommodate change and to adapt), together encompassing EEA (engineering resilience, ecological resilience and adaptive capacity) resilience. These scales were validated against five existing measures of trait resilience: Ego Resiliency Scale (ER89), Dispositional Resilience Scale, Psychological Resilience Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Brief Resilience Scale, to determine the final 12 items assessing EEA resilience.
Number of items: 12
Example statement/item: “I recover from a stressful time quickly”
Response options: 5-point scale, 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree, 3=neither agree nor disagree, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree
Total score: Item responses are summed within each subscale and for the total scale.