Citation: Ponce-Garcia, E., Madewell, A. N., & Kennison, S. M. (2015). The development of the scale of protective factors: Resilience in a violent trauma sample. Violence and victims, 30(5), 735-755.
PMID or DOI: PMID: 26300467, DOI: 10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-14-00163
Main positive psychological well-being construct measured: Protective factors
Sub-constructs measured: Social support, social skills, planning behavior, and goal efficacy
Available subscales: Social support, social skills, planning behavior, and goal efficacy
Description: The Scale of Protective Factors is a multidimensional measure of protective factors that are believed to contribute to resilience, based on prior empirical research. The measure incorporates both cognitive-individual protective factors (prioritizing and planning, and goal efficacy) as well as social-interpersonal protective factors (social support and social skills). Initially 35 items were assessed, retaining 24 items through empirical testing that captured the four factors.
Number of items: 24
Example statement/item: “I am confident in my ability to achieve goals”
Response options: 7-point scale ranging from 1=disagree completely to 7=completely agree
Total score: Responses are summed within each subscale and for the total measure.