State-Trait Assessment of Resilience Scale (STARS)

Citation: Lock, S., Rees, C. S., & Heritage, B. (2020). Development and validation of a brief measure of psychological resilience: The state–trait assessment of resilience scale. Australian Psychologist, 55(1), 10-25.

PMID or DOI: DOI: 10.1111/ap.12434

Main positive psychological well-being construct measured: Resilience

Sub-constructs measured: State and trait resilience

Available subscales: State and trait resilience

Description: The State-Trait Assessment of Resilience Scale measures resilience using a state and trait approach, based on the conceptualization of resilience as being influenced by a combination of state and trait factors. ‘Trait’ level of resilience is construed as more distal and enduring, and ‘state’ level of resilience construed as more recent and fluctuating in response to life events, though there is an underlying unidimensional construct of resilience common to both state and trait items.

Number of items: 13

Example statement/item: “Generally, when others may give up, I stand strong and

keep fighting” 

Response options: 4-point response scale, 1=Disagree, 2=Somewhat agree, 3=Agree, and 4=Strongly agree.

Total score: Total sum scores are calculated for each subscale; higher scores indicate higher resilience, five items were negatively worded and thus reverse coded.