Peter Kraft
Professor

Peter Kraft

Professor of Epidemiology

Epidemiology

pkraft@hsph.harvard.edu

Other Positions

Co-Director, Computational Biology & Quantitative Genetics Master's Program

Biostatistics

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Faculty Affiliate in the Department of Biostatistics

Biostatistics

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health


Overview

My research concentrates on the design and analysis of genetic association studies, with particular emphasis on studies linking variation in germline DNA to cancer risk. I have played a key role in multiple international consortia studying genetics and other exposures in relation to cancer risk over the last ten years: I have been a member of the statistical working group of the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium since its inception, and currently chair the BPC3 steering committee; I played a leading role in the design and analysis of GWAS of breast, prostate and pancreatic cancers as part of the NCI's Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility and PanScan projects; and I chair the Analytic Working Group for the NCI's "post-GWAS" GAME-ON consortium, which aims to better understand the biological mechanisms underlying GWAS-identified cancer risk markers at five cancer sites (including breast and lung) and their public health implications.

I am also the contact PI for the epidemiology project of the breast cancer arm of GAME-ON, which focuses on gene-environment interactions and risk prediction. I have been the primary statistical geneticist for the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) for over ten years, and oversee the genotype databases for both studies, including genome-wide association data on over 20,000 subjects. I have collaborated on numerous analyses in the NHS and HPFS examining associations between genetic markers, behaviors (including diet and smoking), and risk of complex diseases. I have also collaborated with NHS investigators on the analyses of metabolite profiles in a case-control study of pancreatic cancer.

My current methodological research focuses on 1) efficient and interpretable "gene x environment interaction" analyses, 2) genetic risk prediction using common and rare genetic variation, biomarkers (including metabolites), and clinical and environmental risk factors, and 3) methods linking low-frequency variation, emerging functional annotation, and risk of complex disease.


Bibliography

Breast cancer risk factors and survival by tumor subtype: pooled analyses from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium.

Morra A, Jung AY, Behrens S, Keeman R, Ahearn TU, Anton-Cluver H, Arndt V, Augustinsson A, Auvinen PK, Beane Freeman LE, Becher H, Beckmann MW, Bloomqvist C, Bojesen SE, Bolla MK, Brenner H, Briceno I, Brucker SY, Camp NJ, Campa D, Canzian F, Castelao JE, Chanock SJ, Choi JY, Clarke CL, Couch FJ, Cox A, Cross SS, Czene K, D?rk T, Dunning AM, Dwek M, Easton DF, Eccles DM, Egan KM, Evans DG, Fasching PA, Flyger H, Gago-Dominguez M, Gapstur SM, Garcia-Saenz JA, Gaudet MM, Giles GG, Grip M, Guénel P, Haiman CA, Håkansson N, Hall P, Hamann U, Han SN, Hart SN, Hartman M, Heyworth JS, Hoppe R, Hopper JL, Hunter DJ, Ito H, Jager A, Jakimovska M, Jakubowska A, Janni W, Kaaks R, Kang D, Middha Kapoor P, Kitahara CM, Koutros S, Kraft P, Kristensen VN, Lacey JV, Lambrechts D, Le Marchand L, Li J, Lindblom A, Lubinski J, Lush M, Mannermaa A, Manoochehri M, Margolin S, Mariapun S, Matsuo K, Mavroudis D, Milne RL, Muranen TA, Newman WG, Noh DY, Nordestgaard BG, Obi N, Olshan AF, Olsson H, Park-Simon TW, Petridis C, Pharoah PDP, Plaseska-Karanfilska D, Presneau N, Rashid MU, Rennert G, Rennert HS, Rhenius V, Romero A, Saloustros E, Sawyer EJ, Schneeweiss A, Schwentner L, Scott CG, Shah M, Shen CY, Shu XO, Southey MC, Stram DO, Tamimi RM, Tapper W, Tollenaar RAEM, Tomlinson I, Torres D, Troester MA, Truong T, Vachon CM, Wang Q, Wang SS, Williams JA, Winqvist R, Wolk A, Wu AH, Yoo KY, Yu JC, Zheng W, Ziogas A, Yang XR, Eliassen AH, Holmes MD, Garcia-Closas M, Teo SH, Schmidt MK, Chang-Claude J.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Jan 26. PMID: 33500318

CYP3A7*1C allele: linking premenopausal oestrone and progesterone levels with risk of hormone receptor-positive breast cancers.

Johnson N, Maguire S, Morra A, Kapoor PM, Tomczyk K, Jones ME, Schoemaker MJ, Gilham C, Bolla MK, Wang Q, Dennis J, Ahearn TU, Andrulis IL, Anton-Culver H, Antonenkova NN, Arndt V, Aronson KJ, Augustinsson A, Baynes C, Freeman LEB, Beckmann MW, Benitez J, Bermisheva M, Blomqvist C, Boeckx B, Bogdanova NV, Bojesen SE, Brauch H, Brenner H, Burwinkel B, Campa D, Canzian F, Castelao JE, Chanock SJ, Chenevix-Trench G, Clarke CL, Conroy DM, Couch FJ, Cox A, Cross SS, Czene K, Dörk T, Eliassen AH, Engel C, Evans DG, Fasching PA, Figueroa J, Floris G, Flyger H, Gago-Dominguez M, Gapstur SM, García-Closas M, Gaudet MM, Giles GG, Goldberg MS, González-Neira A, Guénel P, Hahnen E, Haiman CA, Håkansson N, Hall P, Hamann U, Harrington PA, Hart SN, Hooning MJ, Hopper JL, Howell A, Hunter DJ, Jager A, Jakubowska A, John EM, Kaaks R, Keeman R, Khusnutdinova E, Kitahara CM, Kosma VM, Koutros S, Kraft P, Kristensen VN, Kurian AW, Lambrechts D, Le Marchand L, Linet M, Lubinski J, Mannermaa A, Manoukian S, Margolin S, Martens JWM, Mavroudis D, Mayes R, Meindl A, Milne RL, Neuhausen SL, Nevanlinna H, Newman WG, Nielsen SF, Nordestgaard BG, Obi N, Olshan AF, Olson JE, Olsson H, Orban E, Park-Simon TW, Peterlongo P, Plaseska-Karanfilska D, Pylkäs K, Rennert G, Rennert HS, Ruddy KJ, Saloustros E, Sandler DP, Sawyer EJ, Schmutzler RK, Scott C, Shu XO, Simard J, Smichkoska S, Sohn C, Southey MC, Spinelli JJ, Stone J, Tamimi RM, Taylor JA, Tollenaar RAEM, Tomlinson I, Troester MA, Truong T, Vachon CM, van Veen EM, Wang SS, Weinberg CR, Wendt C, Wildiers H, Winqvist R, Wolk A, Zheng W, Ziogas A, Dunning AM, Pharoah PDP, Easton DF, Howie AF, Peto J, Dos-Santos-Silva I, Swerdlow AJ, Chang-Claude J, Schmidt MK, Orr N, Fletcher O.

Br J Cancer. 2021 Feb. 124(4):842-854. PMID: 33495599

A Population-Based Study of Genes Previously Implicated in Breast Cancer.

Hu C, Hart SN, Gnanaolivu R, Huang H, Lee KY, Na J, Gao C, Lilyquist J, Yadav S, Boddicker NJ, Samara R, Klebba J, Ambrosone CB, Anton-Culver H, Auer P, Bandera EV, Bernstein L, Bertrand KA, Burnside ES, Carter BD, Eliassen H, Gapstur SM, Gaudet M, Haiman C, Hodge JM, Hunter DJ, Jacobs EJ, John EM, Kooperberg C, Kurian AW, Le Marchand L, Lindstroem S, Lindstrom T, Ma H, Neuhausen S, Newcomb PA, O'Brien KM, Olson JE, Ong IM, Pal T, Palmer JR, Patel AV, Reid S, Rosenberg L, Sandler DP, Scott C, Tamimi R, Taylor JA, Trentham-Dietz A, Vachon CM, Weinberg C, Yao S, Ziogas A, Weitzel JN, Goldgar DE, Domchek SM, Nathanson KL, Kraft P, Polley EC, Couch FJ.

N Engl J Med. 2021 02 04. 384(5):440-451. PMID: 33471974

Publisher Correction: Trans-ancestry genome-wide association meta-analysis of prostate cancer identifies new susceptibility loci and informs genetic risk prediction.

Conti DV, Darst BF, Moss LC, Saunders EJ, Sheng X, Chou A, Schumacher FR, Olama AAA, Benlloch S, Dadaev T, Brook MN, Sahimi A, Hoffmann TJ, Takahashi A, Matsuda K, Momozawa Y, Fujita M, Muir K, Lophatananon A, Wan P, Le Marchand L, Wilkens LR, Stevens VL, Gapstur SM, Carter BD, Schleutker J, Tammela TLJ, Sipeky C, Auvinen A, Giles GG, Southey MC, MacInnis RJ, Cybulski C, Wokolorczyk D, Lubinski J, Neal DE, Donovan JL, Hamdy FC, Martin RM, Nordestgaard BG, Nielsen SF, Weischer M, Bojesen SE, Røder MA, Iversen P, Batra J, Chambers S, Moya L, Horvath L, Clements JA, Tilley W, Risbridger GP, Gronberg H, Aly M, Szulkin R, Eklund M, Nordström T, Pashayan N, Dunning AM, Ghoussaini M, Travis RC, Key TJ, Riboli E, Park JY, Sellers TA, Lin HY, Albanes D, Weinstein SJ, Mucci LA, Giovannucci E, Lindstrom S, Kraft P, Hunter DJ, Penney KL, Turman C, Tangen CM, Goodman PJ, Thompson IM, Hamilton RJ, Fleshner NE, Finelli A, Parent MÉ, Stanford JL, Ostrander EA, Geybels MS, Koutros S, Freeman LEB, Stampfer M, Wolk A, Håkansson N, Andriole GL, Hoover RN, Machiela MJ, Sørensen KD, Borre M, Blot WJ, Zheng W, Yeboah ED, Mensah JE, Lu YJ, Zhang HW, Feng N, Mao X, Wu Y, Zhao SC, Sun Z, Thibodeau SN, McDonnell SK, Schaid DJ, West CML, Burnet N, Barnett G, Maier C, Schnoeller T, Luedeke M, Kibel AS, Drake BF, Cussenot O, Cancel-Tassin G, Menegaux F, Truong T, Koudou YA, John EM, Grindedal EM, Maehle L, Khaw KT, Ingles SA, Stern MC, Vega A, Gómez-Caamaño A, Fachal L, Rosenstein BS, Kerns SL, Ostrer H, Teixeira MR, Paulo P, Brandão A, Watya S, Lubwama A, Bensen JT, Fontham ETH, Mohler J, Taylor JA, Kogevinas M, Llorca J, Castaño-Vinyals G, Cannon-Albright L, Teerlink CC, Huff CD, Strom SS, Multigner L, Blanchet P, Brureau L, Kaneva R, Slavov C, Mitev V, Leach RJ, Weaver B, Brenner H, Cuk K, Holleczek B, Saum KU, Klein EA, Hsing AW, Kittles RA, Murphy AB, Logothetis CJ, Kim J, Neuhausen SL, Steele L, Ding YC, Isaacs WB, Nemesure B, Hennis AJM, Carpten J, Pandha H, Michael A, De Ruyck K, De Meerleer G, Ost P, Xu J, Razack A, Lim J, Teo SH, Newcomb LF, Lin DW, Fowke JH, Neslund-Dudas C, Rybicki BA, Gamulin M, Lessel D, Kulis T, Usmani N, Singhal S, Parliament M, Claessens F, Joniau S, Van den Broeck T, Gago-Dominguez M, Castelao JE, Martinez ME, Larkin S, Townsend PA, Aukim-Hastie C, Bush WS, Aldrich MC, Crawford DC, Srivastava S, Cullen JC, Petrovics G, Casey G, Roobol MJ, Jenster G, van Schaik RHN, Hu JJ, Sanderson M, Varma R, McKean-Cowdin R, Torres M, Mancuso N, Berndt SI, Van Den Eeden SK, Easton DF, Chanock SJ, Cook MB, Wiklund F, Nakagawa H, Witte JS, Eeles RA, Kote-Jarai Z, Haiman CA.

Nat Genet. 2021 Jan 20. PMID: 33473200

Trans-ancestry genome-wide association meta-analysis of prostate cancer identifies new susceptibility loci and informs genetic risk prediction.

Conti DV, Darst BF, Moss LC, Saunders EJ, Sheng X, Chou A, Schumacher FR, Olama AAA, Benlloch S, Dadaev T, Brook MN, Sahimi A, Hoffmann TJ, Takahashi A, Matsuda K, Momozawa Y, Fujita M, Muir K, Lophatananon A, Wan P, Le Marchand L, Wilkens LR, Stevens VL, Gapstur SM, Carter BD, Schleutker J, Tammela TLJ, Sipeky C, Auvinen A, Giles GG, Southey MC, MacInnis RJ, Cybulski C, Wokolorczyk D, Lubinski J, Neal DE, Donovan JL, Hamdy FC, Martin RM, Nordestgaard BG, Nielsen SF, Weischer M, Bojesen SE, Røder MA, Iversen P, Batra J, Chambers S, Moya L, Horvath L, Clements JA, Tilley W, Risbridger GP, Gronberg H, Aly M, Szulkin R, Eklund M, Nordström T, Pashayan N, Dunning AM, Ghoussaini M, Travis RC, Key TJ, Riboli E, Park JY, Sellers TA, Lin HY, Albanes D, Weinstein SJ, Mucci LA, Giovannucci E, Lindstrom S, Kraft P, Hunter DJ, Penney KL, Turman C, Tangen CM, Goodman PJ, Thompson IM, Hamilton RJ, Fleshner NE, Finelli A, Parent MÉ, Stanford JL, Ostrander EA, Geybels MS, Koutros S, Freeman LEB, Stampfer M, Wolk A, Håkansson N, Andriole GL, Hoover RN, Machiela MJ, Sørensen KD, Borre M, Blot WJ, Zheng W, Yeboah ED, Mensah JE, Lu YJ, Zhang HW, Feng N, Mao X, Wu Y, Zhao SC, Sun Z, Thibodeau SN, McDonnell SK, Schaid DJ, West CML, Burnet N, Barnett G, Maier C, Schnoeller T, Luedeke M, Kibel AS, Drake BF, Cussenot O, Cancel-Tassin G, Menegaux F, Truong T, Koudou YA, John EM, Grindedal EM, Maehle L, Khaw KT, Ingles SA, Stern MC, Vega A, Gómez-Caamaño A, Fachal L, Rosenstein BS, Kerns SL, Ostrer H, Teixeira MR, Paulo P, Brandão A, Watya S, Lubwama A, Bensen JT, Fontham ETH, Mohler J, Taylor JA, Kogevinas M, Llorca J, Castaño-Vinyals G, Cannon-Albright L, Teerlink CC, Huff CD, Strom SS, Multigner L, Blanchet P, Brureau L, Kaneva R, Slavov C, Mitev V, Leach RJ, Weaver B, Brenner H, Cuk K, Holleczek B, Saum KU, Klein EA, Hsing AW, Kittles RA, Murphy AB, Logothetis CJ, Kim J, Neuhausen SL, Steele L, Ding YC, Isaacs WB, Nemesure B, Hennis AJM, Carpten J, Pandha H, Michael A, De Ruyck K, De Meerleer G, Ost P, Xu J, Razack A, Lim J, Teo SH, Newcomb LF, Lin DW, Fowke JH, Neslund-Dudas C, Rybicki BA, Gamulin M, Lessel D, Kulis T, Usmani N, Singhal S, Parliament M, Claessens F, Joniau S, Van den Broeck T, Gago-Dominguez M, Castelao JE, Martinez ME, Larkin S, Townsend PA, Aukim-Hastie C, Bush WS, Aldrich MC, Crawford DC, Srivastava S, Cullen JC, Petrovics G, Casey G, Roobol MJ, Jenster G, van Schaik RHN, Hu JJ, Sanderson M, Varma R, McKean-Cowdin R, Torres M, Mancuso N, Berndt SI, Van Den Eeden SK, Easton DF, Chanock SJ, Cook MB, Wiklund F, Nakagawa H, Witte JS, Eeles RA, Kote-Jarai Z, Haiman CA.

Nat Genet. 2021 01. 53(1):65-75. PMID: 33398198

Contribution of Germline Predisposition Gene Mutations to Breast Cancer Risk in African American Women.

Palmer JR, Polley EC, Hu C, John EM, Haiman C, Hart SN, Gaudet M, Pal T, Anton-Culver H, Trentham-Dietz A, Bernstein L, Ambrosone CB, Bandera EV, Bertrand KA, Bethea TN, Gao C, Gnanaolivu RD, Huang H, Lee KY, LeMarchand L, Na J, Sandler DP, Shah PD, Yadav S, Yang W, Weitzel JN, Domchek SM, Goldgar DE, Nathanson KL, Kraft P, Yao S, Couch FJ.

J Natl Cancer Inst. 2020 Dec 14. 112(12):1213-1221. PMID: 32427313


News

Dozens of new genetic regions linked to breast cancer

Two studies represent the largest-ever examination of the inherited genetic contribution to the risk of getting breast cancer For immediate release: October 23, 2017 Boston, MA – Two large genome-wide association studies of thousands of women have identified…