Repository of Resilience Measures

General resilience

Resilient capacity (trait resilience measures)

Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) ***
Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) ***
Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) ***
Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS) ***
Ego Resiliency Scale ***
Ego Resiliency Scale (ER 89) ***
Essential Resilience Scale
Multidimensional Trauma Recovery & Resiliency Scale (MTRR)
Predictive 6-Factor Resilience Scale (PR6)
Psychological Resilience ***
Resilience Scale ***
Resilient Systems Scales
Response to Stressful Experiences Scale (RSES)
State-Trait Assessment of Resilience Scale (STARS)

Resilience factors (battery of protective factors)

Baruth Protective Factors Inventory (BPFI) ***
Devereux Adult Resilience Survey (DARS)
Resilience Appraisals Scale ***
Resilience Research Centre Adult Resilience Measure (RRC-ARM)
Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) ***
Protective Factors for Resilience Scale (PFRS)
Scale of Protective Factors (SPF)
Trauma Resilience Scale (TRS)

Resilience in children and adolescents

Resilient capacity (trait resilience measures)

Adolescent Resilience Scale (ARS) ***
Ego Resilience Scale (for youth)
Resilience Skills and Abilities Scale (RSAS) ***
Resiliency Attitudes and Skills Profile (RASP) ***
Resiliency Scale for Children and Adolescents (RSCA) ***
7 C’s of Resilience Tool

Resilience factors (battery of protective factors)

Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ) ***
Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) ***
Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA)
Resilience and Youth Development Module ***
Resilience Protective Factors Checklist (RPFC)
Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) ***
Youth Resiliency: Assessing Developmental Strengths (YR:ADS)

 

***Widely cited measure (>100 citations)

Note: In the literature, there are a number of resilience measures designed for very specific populations or contexts (e.g., community resilience, family resilience, relationship resilience, workplace resilience, resilience among people living with chronic disease, and resilience among military personnel). However, due to our focus on psychological resilience broadly defined, we have not listed these measures in this repository.

For a non-exhaustive list of academic reviews of existing resilience measures, see below.

Functional Indicators of Resilience

Many research studies have also used behavioral or derived operationalizations to capture resilience as an outcome following challenge or adversity. Consistent with the general definition of psychological resilience, functional indicators of resilience typically involve two key elements: assessments of 1) adversity, trauma or challenge, and 2) subsequent psychological functioning

Despite these key elements, functional indicators can still vary greatly in how exactly they are defined, and depend on the study population, context, study design, and research question(s) of interest. These include variations in:

  • Measures of adversity (e.g., acute traumatic events, chronic early adversity)
  • Measures of psychological functioning (e.g., depressive or posttraumatic stress symptoms, levels of wellbeing, behavioral competencies in youth populations)
  • Time frame of assessments for both adversity and psychological functioning

Here, we highlight several empirical examples of functional indicators of resilience; however, we note that these are in no way exhaustive or fully representative of the full spectrum of resilience outcome measures currently used in the literature.