Measuring Subjective Well-Being (individual level)

Subjective well-being is characterized by the individual’s personal assessment of their overall feelings about their life and how they are doing. This assessment can be based on cognitive judgments and affective experiences. A variety of facets of subjective well-being have been identified and operationalized for research purposes, as well as for surveillance and monitoring. These include psychological, social, emotional, and spiritual aspects of well-being, among others. Of note, University of Connecticut has recently developed a more comprehensive (and searchable) list of subjective well-being measures, including many that have not yet been examined in relation to physical health. A detailed discussion of a specific form of subjective well-being—emotional well-being—can be found in this Commentary by Park, et al.

The following list represents examples of scales for measuring different aspects of subjective well-being.

Last updated: August 2023

Scales for Measuring Multi-Dimensional, Positive Psychological Well-Being

Scales for Measuring Flourishing

Scales for Measuring Positive Affect

Scales for Measuring Purpose/Meaning in Life

Scales for Measuring Life Satisfaction

Scales for Measuring Mastery

Scales for Measuring Happiness

Scales for Measuring Optimism

Scales for Measuring Other Individual Constructs