Looking beyond poverty: impact of “toxic” neighborhood environments on social mobility

Yellow tape that reads "Crime scene do not cross"

Harvard Pop Center faculty member Robert J. Sampson is co-author of a paper published in PNAS that has found that a harsh neighborhood environment—high in violence, incarceration and lead levels—is linked with lowered social mobility later in life, after accounting for concentrated poverty and racial composition.

Robert Manduca is also a co-author on the paper.

Photo by Kat Wilcox from Pexels