Yearly Archives: 2014

Health problems increase risk of Hurricane Katrina survivors living in poor neighborhoods

Arcaya_Subu_WatersA study published in PNAS by Pop Center Yerby Fellow Mariana Arcaya, ScD,  Faculty Members S V Subramanian (Subu), PhD, and Mary C. Waters, PhD, and colleague explores health as a determinant of neighborhood attainment (as opposed to the more typical theme of neighborhood effects on health) amongst Hurricane Katrina survivors.

Differentiating between deprivation & threat; a new framework for studying impacts of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)

Sheridan_McLaughlinFormer Harvard Pop Center RWJF Alums Margaret Sheridan, PhD, and Kate McLaughlin, PhD, have co-authored a new study in which they introduce a novel way of researching the impacts of ACEs on developmental outcomes by differentiating between two stressors, deprivation and threat.

Study finds multiple-method users of temporary contraceptives more likely to discontinue use & have unintended pregnancy in Uttar Pradesh, India

Montana_Livia_2014_croppedWhile female sterilization continues to prevail as the most dominant family planning method provided and used in India, almost one in five contraceptive users in India employs a temporary method. Harvard Pop Center Research Scientist Livia Montana, PhD.,  and colleagues have published a study in BMC Public Health that explores the patterns of temporary method use among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India with the goal of offering programmatic recommendations that may lead to fewer unintended pregnancies and abortions in this region, and beyond.

It’s a small world … for homicide victims

Photograph of Andrew PapachristosRWJF alum Andrew Papachristos  has shown that 41 percent of all gun homicide victims occur within a group that’s 4 percent of the population– or, to put it another way, belonging to that small network of 4 of the population increases your risk of being a homicide victim by 900 percent! Papachristos recently discussed these findings on NPR’s “Morning Edition.”

Do fertility transitions influence infant mortality declines? Study sheds new light

Mark McGovern PGDA Fellow Mark McGovern, PhD, has co-authored a study published in the October issue of Journal of Population Economics that presents a new approach to evaluating the relationship between falling rates of infant mortality and fertility reductions.

Novel sampling methodology for urban slum / non-slum areas using satellite data for eval of family planning program in India

Montana_Livia_2014_croppedLivia Montana, PhD, a Harvard Pop Center senior research scientist, co-authored a paper published in Spatial Demography, that introduces a novel sampling approach to delineate slum and non-slum areas using satellite data in order to evaluate family planning services in six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India. The methods were developed as part of the impact evaluation of the Urban Health Initiative (UHI), which is dedicated to increasing access to high-quality family planning services to help reduce maternal and child mortality, and unintended pregnancies.

State cigarette tax found to decrease smoking among preganant mothers without a high school education

summer_headshotHarvard RWJF Health & Society Scholar Alumna Summer Hawkins, PhD, has co-authored a study published in the American Journal of Public Health that finds that state cigarette tax may be an effective population-level intervention to decrease racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in maternal smoking during pregnancy.

In assessing whether those living longer are also living healthier, broader view of morbidity needed

Beltran_Sanchez_Fahad_SubuIn the current volume of Global Health Action, three researchers affiliated with the Harvard Pop Center — former Bell Fellow Hiram Beltran-Sanchez, PhD, current Bell Fellow Fahad Razak, MD, and faculty member SV Subramanian (Subu), PhD — have authored a study that challenges the widely accepted, disability based definition of morbidity in the compression of morbidity framework.

District-level look at fertility change and gender bias in India

Mohanty_Visiting ScientistVisiting scientist Sanjay K. Mohanty, PhD, has published a paper that expands fertility change and gender bias research in India to the district level. This new research, published in the Journal of Biosocial Science, suggests that a comprehensive strategy to reduce the gender differential in child mortality and curb sex-selective abortion to improve the child sex ratio would be helpful in India.