Tag Archives: mortality

Increases in U.S. diurnal temperature associated with increased mortality, especially in elderly

Reid_ColleenHarvard RWJF Scholar Colleen Reid, PhD, has co-authored a study published in International Journal of Biometeorology that explores  the association between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and mortality in 95 large U.S. communities. While much research has focused on Asia, Reid’s study examines the U.S., and shows a statistically significant association between DTR and mortality, driven mainly by effects of DTR on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in the elderly.

Decline in HIV mortality due to antiretroviral treatment not same for all groups in rural South African community

kahn headshotHarvard Pop Center affiliated researchers Kathleen Kahn, PhD, and Stephen Tollman, PhD, and colleagues have published a study in Global Health Action that evaluates the HIV mortality rates on a rural South African community from 2007-2010, when antiretroviral treatment (ART) was rolled out. Factors such as gender, age, location (distance from health center), length of residence, country of origin, transportation ownership, and level of education had an impact on the risk of dying of HIV/TB over the period of the roll-out of ART.

Having Better-Educated Offspring May Add Years to Parents’ Lives

friedmanHarvard RWJF HSS Alum Esther Friedman, PhD, has co-authored a study that suggests that making an investment in children’s higher education may have a big payoff for parents’ lifespan. The study has received media coverage, including this article in the Milwaukee Wisconsin Journal Sentinel.

Temporary migration and epidemiology trends in rural South Africa

Harvard Pop Center affiliated faculty Kathleen Kahn and Stephen Tollman have co-authored a study that finds that in the Agincourt sub-district of northeast South Africa, temporary migration (migrants relocating mainly for work purposes and remaining linked to the rural household) is more important than age and gender in explaining variations in mortality, whatever the cause. The study suggests that public health policies should account for population mobility, and that the rural health care system should be strengthened, because migrants tend to return to rural households when they need health care.

Rural South Africa seeing increase in mortality in population aged over 50 due to HIV/TB

Harvard Pop Center Director Lisa Berkman, PhD, and affiliated researchers Kathleen Kahn, PhD, and Stephen Tollman, PhD, have co-authored a study published in the International Journal of Social Epidemiology that examines the social conditions and disability related to the mortality of older people in rural South Africa.

Do differences in social policy underlie an important part of the US health disadvantage?

A paper co-authored by  Ichiro Kawachi, MD, PhD, titled “Why Do Americans Have Shorter Life Expectancy and Worse Health Than Do People in Other High-Income Countries?” published in the Annual Review of Public Health examines whether crucial differences in social policy may play an important role in why US Americans lead shorter and less healthy lives than do people in other high-income countries.

Mortality Expectation and Fertility Choice

Pop Center faculty members, David Bloom and David Canning, and PGDA fellows, Isabel Gunther and Sebastian Linnemayr, analyze the role of mortality expectations on population growth in their paper, “Fertility Choice, Mortality Expectations, and Interdependent Preferences An Empirical Analysis“.